Item Code: IDC140
Motilal Banarsidas Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 8.75" X 6.0"
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Buddhist Parables contains more than two hundred similes, allegories, parables, fables and other illustrative stories and anecdotes found in the Pali Buddhist texts and said to have been employed, either by the Buddha himself or by his followers, to convey religious and ethical lessons and the lessons of common sense. Much of the material has been translated into English for the first time.
The book is a collection of specimens of an unusually interesting type of literary composition, a text-book of the teachings of the Buddha, presented just as the Buddha and his followers presented them, by discourse and example; and a collection of good stories - all in one. It contains much that will interest children; it also contains much that will puzzle the profoundest philosopher.
About the Author:
The eminent American philologist Eugene Watson Burlingame was born August 5, 1876 at Albany, New York. He earned his B.A and M.A at Yale in 1898 and 1902. He studied at Harvard University from 1900 to 1910, but gained his Ph. D in 1910 at the University of Pennsylvania, where he was a Harrison Fellow for research in Sanskrit, 1908 - 11. Then he studied at Johns Hopkins, 1914-16, where he was a Johnson Scholar in Sanskrit and comparative philology. Then based at Yale from 1917 he engaged in original investigations and publications in Indian philology and Hindu fiction. He was elected a fellow of the prestigious American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Besides his Buddhist Parables (1922), he published his doctoral dissertation on Buddhaghosa's Dhammapada Commentary (1910); The Act of Truth (1917); Buddhist Legends, 3 vols. (Harvard Oriental Series, 1928-30); The Grateful Elephant and Other Stories (1923); Parabole Buddhists (1926).
Burlingame never married.
Foreword Preface Achnowledgenments Introductory Note Note on Pali Names Bibliographical NoteChapter I. Parables from the Book of the Buddha's Previous Existences on the gratefulness of animals and the ungratefulness of man
1. The grateful elephant Where there's a will, there's a way 2. Grateful animals and ungrateful man Driftwood is worth more than some men 3. Elephant and ungrateful forester The whole earth will not satisfy and ungrateful manChapter II. Parables from the Book of the Buddha's previous Existence and from the Book of Discipline, on unity and discord
4. Quail, crow, fly, frog, and elephants The biter bit 5. Quails and fowler In union there is strength 6. Brahmadatta, Dighiti, and Dighavu Love your enemies 7. Dighavu and the king of Benares Love your enemiesChapter III. Parables from the Book of the Buddha's Previous Existences on divers subjects
8. Two caravan-leaders Adhere to the Truth 9. Vedabbha and the thieves Cupidity is the root of ruin 10. A Buddhist Tar-baby Keep the Precepts 11. Two dicers Take care! 12. Brahmadatta and Mallika Overcome evil with good 13. King Dadhivahana Evil communications corrupt good manners Part 1. Gem, hatchet, drum and bowl Part 2. Corrupt fruit from a good tree 14. Antelope, woodpecker, tortoise, and hunter In union there is strength 15. A Buddhist Henny-Penny Much ado about nothingChapter IV. Parables from the Book of the Buddha's Previous Existences in early and late forms
16.Partidge, monkey, and elephant Reverence your elders A. Canonical version B. Uncanonical version 17. The hawk Walk not in forbidden ground A. Canonical version B. Uncanonical version 18. Snake-charm A blessing upon all living beings! A. Canonical version B. Uncanonical version 19. Dragon Jewel-neck Nobody loves a beggar A. Canonical version B. Uncanonical versionChapter V. Parables from early sources on divers subjects
20. The birds Nobody loves a beggar 21. The monkey Walk not in forbidden ground 22. Blind men and elephant Avoid vain wrangling 23. The anger-eating ogre Refrain from angerChapter VI. Humorous parables from early and late sources
24. Mistress Vedehika Patient is as patient does 25. Monkey and dyer The Doctrine of the Buddha wears well 26. How not to hit an insect Better an enemy with sense than a friend without it A. Boy and Mosquito B. Girl and fly 27. Monkey - gardners Misdirected effort spells failure A. One-stanza version B. Three-stanza version 28. Boar and lion Touch not pitch lest ye be defiled 29. Beetle and elephant Pride goeth before a fallChapter VII. Parables from various sources on death
30. Kisa Gotami There is no cure for death 31. Patacara Kinsfolk are no refuge 32. The Heavenly Messengers Prepare for death Part 1. Makhadeva Part 2. Nimi 33. Upasalhaka Cremated fourteen thousand times in one place! 34. Ubbiri Why weep for eight-four thousand daughters? 35. Visakhas sorrow So many dear ones, so many sorrowsChapter VIII. Parables from the Long Discourses on the subject: "Is there a life after death?"
The wicked do not return to earth 36. The condemned criminal The virtuous do not return to earth 37. The man in the dung-pit The virtuous do not return to earth 38. Time in heaven How do we know that the gods exist? 39. The blind man Why do not the virtuous commit suicide? 40. The woman with child We cannot see the soul after death 41. We cannot see the soul during life The dead are heavier than the living 42. Heat makes things light We cannot see the soul 43. Villagers and trumpet We cannot see the soul 44. The search for fire Wilful persistence in error 45. Two caravan-leaders Wilful persistence in error 46. During for fodder Wilful persistence in error 47. Two dicers Wilful persistence in error 48. Giving up bettier for worse Conversion of the unbelieverChapter IX. Parables from the Buddhaghosa's Legends of the Saints
49. Ghosaka He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it A. Story of the Past: A father casts away his son B. Story of the Present: Ghosaka is cast away seven times 50. Little Wayman The last shall be first A. Birth of Little Wayman B. Little Wayman as a monk C. Story of the Past: The mouse-merchant 51. Nanda the Elder Giving up worse for better A. Canonical version B. Uncanonical version 52. Bhadda Kundalakesa Quick is the wit of woman 53. Visakha's marriage Honor the household divinity 54. King Kappina and Queen Anoja Behold the fruit of faith! 55. Khema beauty is but shin-deep 56. Nanda Beauty is but skin-deepChapter X. Parables from early sources on the Doctrine
57. The sower Like the soil of the earth is the soil of the heart 58. The Buddha and Ananda Whover walks in righteousness, honors the Buddha 59. The Buddha and Vakkali Whoever sees the Truth, sees Me Whoever sees Me, sees the Truth 60. The Buddha and the sick man He that would wait upon Me, let him wait upon the sick 61. The snake Grasp the Scriptures aright 62. Walking on the water Behold the fruit of faith! 63. The Beginningless Round of Existences Uproot Craving, the Eye of Existence 64. The relays The Religious Life is only a means to an end 65. The Great Ocean The Dcotrine tastes only of Deliverance 66. The Buddha and the herdsman Dhaniya So if thou wilt, rain, O god! 67. The axe in the mouth Every man is born with an axe in his mouthChapter XI. Similes and short parables from the Question of Milinda
There is no permanent individuality 68. Chariot There is no continuous personal identity 69. Embryo and child 70. Lamp and flame 71. Milk and butter What, then, is reborn? Name-and-Form is reborn 72. Theft of mangoes 73. Fire in a field 74. Lamp under a thatch 75. Girl and woman 76. Milk and curds What is Name and what is Form? 77. Germ and egg Time has no beginning 78. Seed and fruit 79. Egg and hen 80. Circle Out of nothing comes nothing 81. Timbers and house 82. Seeds and plants 83. Clay and vessels 84. Lyre and sound 85. Fire-drill and fire 86. Burning-glass and fire 87. Mirror and reflection There is no soul 88. Six Doors of the Senses 89. Men in Palace 90. Man outside of gateway 91. Man in trought of honey Why does not the fire of Hell destroy the denizens of Hell? Because of the Power of Kamma 92. Embryo of reptiles and birds 93. Embryo of beasts of prey 94. Human embryo Nibbana is unalloyed bliss 95. Bliss of sovereignty 96. Bliss of knowledge Nibbana is unlike anything else Unlike anything else also are: 97. The great ocean 98. The gods without form But it has the following qualities: 99. One quality of the lotus 100. Two qualities of water 101. Three qualities of water 102. Four qualities of the great ocean 103. Five qualities of food 104. Ten qualities of space 105. Three qualities of the wishing-jewel 106. Three qualities of red-sandalwood 107. Three qualities of the cream of ghee 108. Five qualities of a mountain-peak Nibbana is neither past nor future nor present It is neither produced nor not produced not to be produced. Yet it exists, and may be realized 109. Escape from a bon-fire 110. Escape from a heap of corpses 111. Escape from peril 112. Escape from mud 113. Red-hot iron ball 114. Bon-fire 115. Traveler who has lost his way Nibbana is not a place 116. Fields and crops 117. Fire-sticks and fire 118. Seven Jewels of a King How do we know that the Buddha ever existed? How do we know that Kings existed of old? By what they have left us So is it in the case of the Buddha 119. The builder of a city is known by his city 120. So is the Buddha known by his City of Righteousness Seven Shops of the Buddha: 121. Flower-shop 122. Perfume-shop 123. Fruit-shop 124. Buyer and seller of mangoes 125. Medicine-shop 126. Herb-shop 127. Ambrosia-shop 128. Jewel-shop Seven Jewels of the Buddha: 129. Morality 130. Concentration 131. Wisdom 132. Deliverance 133. Insight 134. Analytical Powers 135. Prerequisites of Enlightment 136. General shop The Pure Practices 137-162. Twenty-six simileschapter XII. Parables from the Long Discourses on the Fruits of the Religious Life
Removal of the Five Obstacles 163. Payment of a debt 164. Recovery from a sickness 165. Release from prison 166. Emancipation from slavery 167. Return from a journey the Four Trances First Trance 168. Ball of lather 169. Pool of water 170. Lotus-flowers Fourth Trance 171. Clean garment Insight 172. Threaded gem Creation of a Spiritual Body 173. Reed, sword, snake The Six Supernatural Powers 174. Potter, ivory-carver, goldsmith The Heavenly Ear 175. Sounds of drums Mind-reading 176. Reflection in a mirror Recollection of previous states of existence 177. Recollection of Journey The Heavenly Eye 178. Mansion at cross-roads Knowledge of the means of destroying the taminations: Nibbana 179. Pool of waterChapter XIII. Parables from the Medium-length Discourses on two kinds of herdsmen
180. Mara, the Wicked Herdsman Destruction of the Eye of Mara The Four Trances Knowledge of the means of destroying the taminations 181-183. The Buddha, the God Herdsman I How Gotama mastered his thoughts 181. Herd of cows How Gotama concentrated his thoughts 182. Herd of cows How Gotama attained Enlightement The Four Trances Recollection of previous states of existence The Heavenly Eye Knowledge of the means of destroying the taminations 183. Herd of deer The Buddha, the Good Herdsman 184. The Buddha, the Good Herdsman IIChapter XIV. Parables from the Medium-length Discourses on the Pleasures of Sense
185-191. Seven Parables 185. Skeleton 186. Piece of meat 187. Torch of grass 188. Pit of red-hot coals 189. Dream 190. Borrowed goods 191. Fruit of tree 192. Creeper and treeChapter XV. Parables from the Medium-length Discourses on the fruit of good and evil deeds
Four Courses of Conduct Pain now and pain hereafter Pleasure now and pain hereafter Pain now and pleasure hereafter Pleasure now and pleasure hereafter 193. Poisoned calabash 194. Poisoned cup 195. Foul-tasting medicine 196. Curds and honey and ghee and Jaggery 197. Even as the sun, so shines righteousness Five Future States Hell 198. Pit of red-hot coals 199. Dung-pit 200. Tree with scanty shade World of men 201. Tree with ample shade Worlds of the gods 202. Palace Nibbana 203. Lotus-pondChapter XVI. Parables of the Sacred Heart of Buddha
Thou alone, O my Heart, art called to be the Saviour of All! A. On the Treasury of Merits of Buddha Thou art a Treasury of Merits! 204. On the Perfecting of the Perfections Mine eyes have I torn out! My heart's flesh have I uprooted! 205. On the attainment of Enlightenment Blessed indeed is that mother, whose son is such a one as he! 206. Abatement of Plagues at Vesali If he but come hither, these plagues will subside 207. The King who took upon himself the sins and sufferings of his people. If there be any that hunger, it is I that have made them hungry B. On the Sacrifice of the Body and Blood If will satisfy the hunger of my friends with my own body and blood. 208. Boar and lion Eat me, O lion! 209. Fairy-prince and griffin Eat me, O griffin! 210. Jeweler, monk, and goose I am ready to sacrifice my body to preserve the life of this goose! 211. Rupavati Only that I might attain Supreme Enlightenment! 212. King Shibi and the bird Thou alone, O my Heart, art called to be the Saviour of All! C. On the Sacrifice of the Eyes Here is your eye! take it! 213. King Savi and the blind beggar Should any man name my eyes, I will pluck them out and give them to him! 214. Subha of Jivaka's Mango Grove Here is your eye! take it! A. Prose version B. Poetical version 215. The prince-ascetic behold this, such as it is! take it, if you like! 216. Prince Kunala Plucked out, the eye of flesh; but gained, the Eye of Knowledge! 217. St. Brigid of Kildare A. Medieval Latin versions Dearer the Eye of the soul than the eye of the body B. Middle Irish version Lo, here for thee is thy beautiful eye! 218. St. Lucy of Syracuse A. Medieval Latin version (early) B. Medieval Latin version (late) Here hast thou what thou hast desired! leave me in peace! 219. St. Lucy of Alexandria And seizing her spindle, she bit, and gouged out her two eyes 220. King (Richard of England) and nun Behold the eyes that thou desirest! take them, and leave me in peace! Lost, the eyes of the flesh; but kept, the Eyes of the Spirit
Table of Parallels