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Buddhist Parables

Buddhist Parables


Item Code: IDC140

by Eugene Watson Burlinghame

Paperback (Edition: 1999)

Motilal Banarsidas Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN 812081682x

Language: English
Size: 8.75" X 6.0"
Pages: 379
Price: $27.00
Discounted: $20.25   Shipping Free
Viewed times since 1st Jun, 2010


About the Book:

Buddhist Parables contains more than two hundred similes, allegories, parables, fables and other illustrative stories and anecdotes found in the Pali Buddhist texts and said to have been employed, either by the Buddha himself or by his followers, to convey religious and ethical lessons and the lessons of common sense. Much of the material has been translated into English for the first time.

The book is a collection of specimens of an unusually interesting type of literary composition, a text-book of the teachings of the Buddha, presented just as the Buddha and his followers presented them, by discourse and example; and a collection of good stories - all in one. It contains much that will interest children; it also contains much that will puzzle the profoundest philosopher.

About the Author:

The eminent American philologist Eugene Watson Burlingame was born August 5, 1876 at Albany, New York. He earned his B.A and M.A at Yale in 1898 and 1902. He studied at Harvard University from 1900 to 1910, but gained his Ph. D in 1910 at the University of Pennsylvania, where he was a Harrison Fellow for research in Sanskrit, 1908 - 11. Then he studied at Johns Hopkins, 1914-16, where he was a Johnson Scholar in Sanskrit and comparative philology. Then based at Yale from 1917 he engaged in original investigations and publications in Indian philology and Hindu fiction. He was elected a fellow of the prestigious American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Besides his Buddhist Parables (1922), he published his doctoral dissertation on Buddhaghosa's Dhammapada Commentary (1910); The Act of Truth (1917); Buddhist Legends, 3 vols. (Harvard Oriental Series, 1928-30); The Grateful Elephant and Other Stories (1923); Parabole Buddhists (1926).

Burlingame never married.

Introductory Note
Note on Pali Names
Bibliographical Note
Chapter I. Parables from the Book of the Buddha's Previous Existences on the gratefulness of animals and the ungratefulness of man
     1. The grateful elephant
          Where there's a will, there's a way
     2. Grateful animals and ungrateful man
	  Driftwood is worth more than some men
     3. Elephant and ungrateful forester
	  The whole earth will not satisfy and ungrateful man
Chapter II. Parables from the Book of the Buddha's previous Existence and from the Book of Discipline, on unity and discord
     4. Quail, crow, fly, frog, and elephants
	  The biter bit
     5. Quails and fowler
	  In union there is strength
     6. Brahmadatta, Dighiti, and Dighavu
	  Love your enemies
     7. Dighavu and the king of Benares
	  Love your enemies
Chapter III. Parables from the Book of the Buddha's Previous Existences on divers subjects
     8. Two caravan-leaders
	  Adhere to the Truth
     9. Vedabbha and the thieves
	  Cupidity is the root of ruin
    10. A Buddhist Tar-baby
	  Keep the Precepts
    11. Two dicers
	  Take care!
    12. Brahmadatta and Mallika
	  Overcome evil with good
    13. King Dadhivahana
	  Evil communications corrupt good manners
	Part 1. Gem, hatchet, drum and bowl
	Part 2. Corrupt fruit from a good tree
    14. Antelope, woodpecker, tortoise, and hunter
	  In union there is strength
    15. A Buddhist Henny-Penny
	  Much ado about nothing
Chapter IV. Parables from the Book of the Buddha's Previous Existences in early and late forms
    16.Partidge, monkey, and elephant
	  Reverence your elders
	A. Canonical version
	B. Uncanonical version
    17. The hawk
	  Walk not in forbidden ground
	A. Canonical version
	B. Uncanonical version
    18. Snake-charm
	  A blessing upon all living beings!
	A. Canonical version
	B. Uncanonical version
    19. Dragon Jewel-neck
	  Nobody loves a beggar
	A. Canonical version
	B. Uncanonical version
Chapter V. Parables from early sources on divers subjects
    20. The birds
	  Nobody loves a beggar
    21. The monkey 
	  Walk not in forbidden ground
    22. Blind men and elephant
	  Avoid vain wrangling
    23. The anger-eating ogre
	  Refrain from anger
Chapter VI. Humorous parables from early and late sources
    24. Mistress Vedehika
	  Patient is as patient does
    25. Monkey and dyer
	  The Doctrine of the Buddha wears well
    26. How not to hit an insect
	  Better an enemy with sense than a friend without it
	A. Boy and Mosquito
	B. Girl and fly
    27. Monkey - gardners
	  Misdirected effort spells failure
	A. One-stanza version
	B. Three-stanza version
    28. Boar and lion
	  Touch not pitch lest ye be defiled
    29. Beetle and elephant
	  Pride goeth before a fall
Chapter VII. Parables from various sources on death
    30. Kisa Gotami
	  There is no cure for death
    31. Patacara
	  Kinsfolk are no refuge
    32. The Heavenly Messengers
	  Prepare for death
	Part 1. Makhadeva
	Part 2. Nimi
    33. Upasalhaka
	  Cremated fourteen thousand times in one place!
    34. Ubbiri
	  Why weep for eight-four thousand daughters?
    35. Visakhas sorrow
	  So many dear ones, so many sorrows
Chapter VIII. Parables from the Long Discourses on the subject: "Is there a life after death?"
        The wicked do not return to earth
    36. The condemned criminal
	The virtuous do not return to earth
    37. The man in the dung-pit
	The virtuous do not return to earth
    38. Time in heaven
	How do we know that the gods exist?
    39. The blind man
	Why do not the virtuous commit suicide?
    40. The woman with child
	We cannot see the soul after death
    41. We cannot see the soul during life
	The dead are heavier than the living
    42. Heat makes things light
	We cannot see the soul
    43. Villagers and trumpet
	We cannot see the soul
    44. The search for fire 
	Wilful persistence in error
    45. Two caravan-leaders
	Wilful persistence in error
    46. During for fodder
	Wilful persistence in error
    47. Two dicers
	Wilful persistence in error
    48. Giving up bettier for worse
	Conversion of the unbeliever
Chapter IX. Parables from the Buddhaghosa's Legends of the Saints
    49. Ghosaka
	  He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it
	A. Story of the Past: A father casts away his son
	B. Story of the Present: Ghosaka is cast away seven times
    50. Little Wayman
	  The last shall be first
	A. Birth of Little Wayman
	B. Little Wayman as a monk
	C. Story of the Past: The mouse-merchant
    51. Nanda the Elder
	  Giving up worse for better
	A. Canonical version
	B. Uncanonical version 
    52. Bhadda Kundalakesa
	  Quick is the wit of woman
    53. Visakha's marriage
	  Honor the household divinity
    54. King Kappina and Queen Anoja
	  Behold the fruit of faith!
    55. Khema
	  beauty is but shin-deep
    56. Nanda
	  Beauty is but skin-deep
Chapter X. Parables from early sources on the Doctrine
    57. The sower
	  Like the soil of the earth is the soil of the heart
    58. The Buddha and Ananda
	  Whover walks in righteousness, honors the Buddha
    59. The Buddha and Vakkali
	  Whoever sees the Truth, sees Me
	  Whoever sees Me, sees the Truth
    60. The Buddha and the sick man
	  He that would wait upon Me, let him wait upon the sick
    61. The snake
	  Grasp the Scriptures aright
    62. Walking on the water
	  Behold the fruit of faith!
    63. The Beginningless Round of Existences
	  Uproot Craving, the Eye of Existence
    64. The relays
	  The Religious Life is only a means to an end
    65. The Great Ocean
	  The Dcotrine tastes only of Deliverance
    66. The Buddha and the herdsman Dhaniya
	  So if thou wilt, rain, O god!
    67. The axe in the mouth
	  Every man is born with an axe in his mouth
Chapter XI. Similes and short parables from the Question of Milinda
	  There is no permanent individuality
    68. Chariot
	  There is no continuous personal identity
    69. Embryo and child
    70. Lamp and flame
    71. Milk and butter
	  What, then, is reborn?
	  Name-and-Form is reborn
    72. Theft of mangoes
    73. Fire in a field
    74. Lamp under a thatch
    75. Girl and woman
    76. Milk and curds
	  What is Name and what is Form?
    77. Germ and egg
	  Time has no beginning
    78. Seed and fruit
    79. Egg and hen
    80. Circle
	  Out of nothing comes nothing
    81. Timbers and house 
    82. Seeds and plants
    83. Clay and vessels
    84. Lyre and sound
    85. Fire-drill and fire
    86. Burning-glass and fire
    87. Mirror and reflection
	  There is no soul
    88. Six Doors of the Senses
    89. Men in Palace
    90. Man outside of gateway
    91. Man in trought of honey
	  Why does not the fire of Hell destroy the denizens of Hell?
	  Because of the Power of Kamma
    92. Embryo of reptiles and birds
    93. Embryo of beasts of prey
    94. Human embryo
	  Nibbana is unalloyed bliss
    95. Bliss of sovereignty
    96. Bliss of knowledge
	  Nibbana is unlike anything else
	  Unlike anything else also are:
    97. The great ocean
    98. The gods without form
	  But it has the following qualities:
    99. One quality of the lotus
   100. Two qualities of water
   101. Three qualities of water
   102. Four qualities of the great ocean
   103. Five qualities of food
   104. Ten qualities of space
   105. Three qualities of the wishing-jewel
   106. Three qualities of red-sandalwood
   107. Three qualities of the cream of ghee
   108. Five qualities of a mountain-peak
	  Nibbana is neither past nor future nor present
	  It is neither produced nor not produced not to be
	   produced. Yet it exists, and may be realized
   109. Escape from a bon-fire
   110. Escape from a heap of corpses
   111. Escape from peril
   112. Escape from mud
   113. Red-hot iron ball
   114. Bon-fire
   115. Traveler who has lost his way
	  Nibbana is not a place
   116. Fields and crops
   117. Fire-sticks and fire
   118. Seven Jewels of a King
	  How do we know that the Buddha ever existed?
	  How do we know that Kings existed of old?
	  By what they have left us
	  So is it in the case of the Buddha
   119. The builder of a city is known by his city
   120. So is the Buddha known by his City of Righteousness
	  Seven Shops of the Buddha:
   121. Flower-shop
   122. Perfume-shop
   123. Fruit-shop
        124. Buyer and seller of mangoes
   125. Medicine-shop
   126. Herb-shop
   127. Ambrosia-shop
   128. Jewel-shop
	  Seven Jewels of the Buddha:
	129. Morality 
	130. Concentration
	131. Wisdom
	132. Deliverance
	133. Insight
	134. Analytical Powers
	135. Prerequisites of Enlightment
   136. General shop
	  The Pure Practices
   137-162. Twenty-six similes
chapter XII. Parables from the Long Discourses on the Fruits of the Religious Life
	  Removal of the Five Obstacles
   163. Payment of a debt
   164. Recovery from a sickness
   165. Release from prison
   166. Emancipation from slavery
   167. Return from a journey
	  the Four Trances
	First Trance
   168. Ball of lather
   169. Pool of water
   170. Lotus-flowers
	Fourth Trance
   171. Clean garment
   172. Threaded gem
	  Creation of a Spiritual Body
   173. Reed, sword, snake
	  The Six Supernatural Powers
   174. Potter, ivory-carver, goldsmith
	The Heavenly Ear
   175. Sounds of drums
   176. Reflection in a mirror
	Recollection of previous states of existence
   177. Recollection of Journey
	The Heavenly Eye
   178. Mansion at cross-roads
	Knowledge of the means of destroying the taminations: Nibbana
   179. Pool of water
Chapter XIII. Parables from the Medium-length Discourses on two kinds of herdsmen
   180. Mara, the Wicked Herdsman
	Destruction of the Eye of Mara
	The Four Trances
	Knowledge of the means of destroying the taminations
   181-183. The Buddha, the God Herdsman I How Gotama mastered his thoughts
   181. Herd of cows
	How Gotama concentrated his thoughts
   182. Herd of cows
	How Gotama attained Enlightement
	The Four Trances
	Recollection of previous states of existence
	The Heavenly Eye
	Knowledge of the means of destroying the taminations
   183. Herd of deer
	The Buddha, the Good Herdsman
   184. The Buddha, the Good Herdsman II
Chapter XIV. Parables from the Medium-length Discourses on the Pleasures of Sense
   185-191. Seven Parables
   185. Skeleton
   186. Piece of meat
   187. Torch of grass
   188. Pit of red-hot coals
   189. Dream
   190. Borrowed goods
   191. Fruit of tree
   192. Creeper and tree
Chapter XV. Parables from the Medium-length Discourses on the fruit of good and evil deeds
	  Four Courses of Conduct
	Pain now and pain hereafter
	Pleasure now and pain hereafter
	Pain now and pleasure hereafter
	Pleasure now and pleasure hereafter
   193. Poisoned calabash
   194. Poisoned cup
   195. Foul-tasting medicine
   196. Curds and honey and ghee and Jaggery
   197. Even as the sun, so shines righteousness
	  Five Future States
   198. Pit of red-hot coals
   199. Dung-pit
   200. Tree with scanty shade
	World of men
   201. Tree with ample shade
	Worlds of the gods
   202. Palace
   203. Lotus-pond
Chapter XVI. Parables of the Sacred Heart of Buddha
	  Thou alone, O my Heart, art called to be the Saviour of All!
   A. On the Treasury of Merits of Buddha
	  Thou art a Treasury of Merits!
   204. On the Perfecting of the Perfections
	  Mine eyes have I torn out! My heart's flesh have I uprooted!
   205. On the attainment of Enlightenment
	  Blessed indeed is that mother, whose son is such a one as he!
   206. Abatement of Plagues at Vesali
	  If he but come hither, these plagues will subside
   207. The King who took upon himself the sins and sufferings of his people.
	  If there be any that hunger, it is I that have made them hungry
   B. On the Sacrifice of the Body and Blood
	  If will satisfy the hunger of my friends with my own body and blood.
   208. Boar and lion
	  Eat me, O lion!
   209. Fairy-prince and griffin
	  Eat me, O griffin!
   210. Jeweler, monk, and goose
	  I am ready to sacrifice my body to preserve the life of this goose!
   211. Rupavati
	  Only that I might attain Supreme Enlightenment!
   212. King Shibi and the bird
	  Thou alone, O my Heart, art called to be the Saviour of All!
   C. On the Sacrifice of the Eyes
	  Here is your eye! take it!
   213. King Savi and the blind beggar
	  Should any man name my eyes, I will pluck them out and give them to him!
   214. Subha of Jivaka's Mango Grove
	  Here is your eye! take it!
	A. Prose version
	B. Poetical version
   215. The prince-ascetic
	  behold this, such as it is! take it, if you like!
   216. Prince Kunala
	  Plucked out, the eye of flesh; but gained, the Eye of Knowledge!
   217. St. Brigid of Kildare
	A. Medieval Latin versions
	  Dearer the Eye of the soul than the eye of the body
	B. Middle Irish version
	  Lo, here for thee is thy beautiful eye!
   218. St. Lucy of Syracuse
	A. Medieval Latin version (early)
	B. Medieval Latin version (late)
	  Here hast thou what thou hast desired! leave me in peace!
   219. St. Lucy of Alexandria
	  And seizing her spindle, she bit, and gouged out her two eyes
   220. King (Richard of England) and nun
	  Behold the eyes that thou desirest! take them, and leave me in peace!
	  Lost, the eyes of the flesh; but kept, the Eyes of the Spirit

Table of Parallels
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  • I Like too read about and know about Little Wayman for my studie.Please if it says anything in youre book kan you tell me?
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