Item Code: TS69
Tibetan Thangka PaintingSize of Painted Surface 28.0" X 31.0"
Size with Brocade 43.0" X 58.0"
Price: $795.00 Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
It is very difficult to identify all the monks by name, those who are wearing crown are Arahats and Siddhas and remaining includes the senior and newly converted monks. Here grieved monks, Arahats, animals and birds are assembled to have a last glimpse of Gautama Buddha. All painted figures including the animals have Chinese features
According to early Buddhist tradition nirvana is a state of total negation of desire, which is achieved, in this very life after total negation of desire with other polluting factors, while parinirvan is the state of merger of individual mundane consciousness into the supramundane universal consciousness and experiencing the eternal bliss after the expiry of life-process.
The Buddha Shakyamuni was born in human realm around 563 B.C. in Lumbini grove, Nepalese Tarai. His personal name was Siddhartha, but he was better known by his gotra name Gautama. He was also called Shakyasimha,’ the Lion of Shakyas’ and Sakyamuni’, ‘the Sakyan sage’. His father, Shuddhodana, was the ruler of the Shakyas, a small republic with its capital at Kapilavastu, in southern Nepal. Gautama had little interest in worldly life from his childhood. However he married Yasodhara and had a son Rahul. After encountering suffering in the form of an old man, a sick man, and a corpse and thereafter a mendicant who renounced the world with all its luxuries and was looking for truth and peace. Gautama decided to leave the worldly life and he secretly left his royal palace and finally went to the forest, sat under a tree and meditated as a hermit for six years. He had five mendicant companions in the forest. He seeks one teacher after another, but as his thirst for truth, remained unquenched he moved on and ultimately reached near modern Bodhgaya. He practiced rigid austerities and resorted to different kinds of self-torture. For six years he lived in this manner and reduced to a skeleton. Yet real knowledge eluded him. At the end of six years he realized that physical torture was not the way to achieve enlightenment and decided to partake of food again. Sujata, a local village lady, offered him a bowl of milk rice. Siddhartha then sat in meditation and resolved thus, “skin sinew and bone may dry up as it will; my flesh and blood may dry in my body; but without attaining complete enlightenment shall I not leave this seat.” Mara tried to prevent Siddhartha from coming to the ultimate understanding, but in vain. After Mara-vijaya event Siddhartha attained enlightenment. He discovered the Law of Causation, a cycle of twelve causes and effects conditioning the universe. This Law had not been thought of before by any philosopher. It’s authorship raised Siddhartha from His status of Bodhisattva to that of a Buddha. The Buddha then decided to deliver his teachings to the five ascetic companions whom he finds in the deer park of Sarnath. It is the first sermon or Turning the Wheel of Dharma.
Then the Shakyamunu Buddha was on constant move for forty-five years to preach his teachings. He had many followers, irrespective of birth or caste, and established monasteries and centers for the Sangha. When Master was at Pava, Chunda, a blacksmith of town, invited him to a meal thereafter he moved to Kushinagar along with his disciples. Although Shakyamuni had a perfect form of a Tathagata who had thoroughly defeated Mara and gone beyond the birth and death, at the age of eighty, the Buddha decided to manifest the passing away of his physical body into parinirvana in order to stir the majority of his followers, who still clung to the illusions of permanence and the inherent existence of phenomena, out of their complacency. He handed over responsibility for protecting the teachings and four communities of disciples to Mahakashypa, and guided his last disciples, the Gandharva Pramoda and the mendicant Subhadra, to liberation. He travelled towards Kushinagar, and came to rest in a grove of sala trees outside the city where he announced his impending departure from the world. He thereafter gently consoled Ananda, who was lamenting bitterly. “Do not weep, do not despair, Ananda. How could it be that what is born, what is subject to instability, should not pass? May be, you were thinking, ‘we have no longer a master.’ That must not be, O Ananda. The doctrine I have preached to you is your master.” He replied : “handa dani bhikkhave amantayami vo;
vayadhamma sankhara, appamadena sampadetta’ ti (“Verily, I say unto you now, O monks: All things are perishable; work out your deliverance with earnest.”). ‘Be a lamp for yourself, be a refugee for yourself, seek no refuge outside yourself.’ These were the last words of Shakyamuni.
The Buddha then asked Ananda, his personal attendant, to spread a cloth on ground (here he is lying on a couch) between two sala trees. He lay down like a lion and passed into Parinirvana.
This description is by Dr. Shailendra K. Verma, whose Doctorate thesis is on “Emergence and Evolution of the Buddha Image (From its inception to 8th century A.D.)”.