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Art of Dancing: Classical and Folk Dances

Art of Dancing: Classical and Folk Dances
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Item Code: IDF467
Author: Priyabala Shah
Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 2005
ISBN: 9788171102693
Pages: 125 (B & W Illustrations: 61)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 9.8" X 7.5"
weight of the book: 455 gms
From the Jacket:

Dance is defined as the rhythmic physical movement promoted by feelings and emotions. The rhythmic movement may of any or all parts of the body in accordance to some scheme. Every beast and human being dances to express the innermost passions.

But dance as an art came into existence with the growth of human society and civilization. We find a detailed account of this art in several old Sanskrit works - Abhinaya Darpana, Bharata's Natyasastra, Sangita Ratnakara, Dhananjaya's Dasarupa etc. All these books give more or less the same account of the origin of Sangita.

We find three essential features in a dance - (1) A spontaneous movement of the muscles and limbs under the influence of some strong emotion, feeling or passion, such as joy, pleasure, anger or religious exaltation; (2) pleasure derived both by the dancer and the spectator due to a definite combination of such graceful movements. (3) the vivid representation of emotions in other people except the dancer due such careful trained movements.

The dance in India can be classified into three groups: The Tribal, the Folk and the Classical. The Tribal dance is the rhythmic formulation or expression of the joys and benefits of a people once referred to as 'aborigines', but are now called Adivasis meaning 'original inhabitants'. Almost akin to these dances but less ritualistic in content are the folk dances, which are as varied and as reflective of the day-to-day activities of the mass of the people as their primitive crystallized and transmuted into stylized interpretations of divine activities are the classical dance forms which are practiced exclusively by the votary.

This book describes art of dancing with particular emphasis on classical and folk dances of India.

CONTENTS
Prayer VII
Preface VIII
Preamble IX
Arangetram XII
Introduction XIV-XVI
Abhinaya Darpana
Natyasastra
Male Artists
Female Artists
CHAPTER - 1 1-10
Origin of Dancing
Tandava
The word Abhinaya
Natya, Nrtta and Nrtya
Abhinaya - Aharya, Sasttvika, Vacika, Angika
Anga, Pratyanga, Upanga
Recakam, Mandala
Angaharas and Karanas
CHAPTER - 2 11-15
Rasas and Bhavas
The colours of Rasas
Deities of Rasas
Rasas with their Sthayibhavas
Sancaribhavas
Sattvikabhavas
Rasas and their Bhavas
Classification of Rasas
CHAPTER - 3 16-19
Gestures and Postures
Sitting Postures
Seats (Asanas) for different characters
Standing Postures (Sthanakas)
The Stthanas of women
CHAPTER - 4 20-22
Gaits and Sentiments
Gaits (Gatis)
Gaits expressing sentiments (rasagatis)
CHAPTER - 5 23-26
Movements of Limbs
Movement of the neck (Griva karmani)
Movement of the (Asya) Mouth
Movement of the sides (Parsva - karma)
Movement of the thigh (Uru)
Movement of the shanks (Jangha)
Movement of the foot
Movement of the eyelids (Putayoh karma)
Movement of the pupils (eye-balls)
Movement of the eye Sight (Drsti karma)
Movement of the eye brows (Bhruvoh karma)
Movement of the cheek (Ganda) region
Movement of the Nose
Movement of the Danta
Movement of the lower lip
CHAPTER - 6 27-31
Glances (Drstis)
Rasa - Drstis
Sthayibhava Drstis
Sancarini Drstis
CHAPTER - 7 32-36
Hastabhinaya
Asamyuta Hastas
Samyuta Hastas (Combined hands)
Nrttahastas
CHAPTER - 8 37-53
Mudras
Rahasya Mudra
Samanya Mudra
Samanyabhinaya
CHAPTER - 9 54-56
Aharyabhinaya
Pusta
Alamkara
Angaracana
Sanjiva
CHAPTER - 10 57-59
Abhinaya and Painting
Abhinaya and Sculpture
Nrtta and Citra
Pavilion
CHAPTER - 11 60-67
Dances of deities
Dances of other deities
Dances of Kali
Dances of Krsna
Dances of Ganesa
Dances of Mohini (visnu) dance
Dances of Apsaras
Ritualistic dances
Works of Art
Influence of New factors
Expression of Artistic urge
CHAPTER - 12 68-87
Folk - Dance
Assam
Bengal
Vratacari Movement
Bihar and Orissa
Bikaner
Burma
Central Provinces
Ceylon
Deccan
United provinces
Gujrat
Garabo (Autumnal folk dance of Gujarat)
Rasa - Folf dance of Cow herds
Appendix I 88-92
Tanjore School
Folk - Drama: Bhavai (of Gujarat)
Appendix II 93-98
Kathakali
Bharata Natyam
Kuchipudi
Manipuri
Chow Dance
Appendix III 99-102
Udaya Sankara's school of Dance
Kathaka school of Dance
Tagore school of Dance
Illustrations of Hand gestures
Abbreviations and Bibliography 103

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