The text of the Bhaminivilasa is printed here on the basis of the following printed editions:-
1. L. R. Vaidya's edition, Bombay, 1887.
2. S. M. Paranjape’s edition, Poona, 1895.
3. Sesadri edition, Bombay (no date given).
4. Bal's edition with Mahadeva Suri's Gloss, Bombay, 1895.
5. Nisnayasagara edition with Acyutaraya's commentary, Bombay, 1933.
6. Nirnayasagara edition of Rasagangadhara, Bombay, 1916.
Before fixing any reading, I have taken into consideration the readings of these editions as well as those
which are given in their foot-notes. In the Notes appended at the end of the book the various readings and
their propriety or otherwise have been fully discussed.
Traditions about the Author
In spite of the fact that the author Jagannatha Panditaraja flourished as late as about the 17th century A.D.,
we have no historical account or authentic tradition on which we can base his life. A considerable mass of
traditions has sprung round him and it is well nigh impossible in the present state of our knowledge to
differentiate fact from fiction. Some of these traditions are given below.
1. Jagannatha came from Tailanga country and started a school at Jaipur. Once upon a time a Kazi came to
jaipur and challenged the pandits of the place to a debate. None could meet his challenge, but Jagannatha
studied the muslim religious books and defeated the Kazi on his own ground. The Emperor of Delhi
hearing of our poet's fame invited him to Delhi and granted him his patronage. The poet there fell in love
with a muslim girl whom he married and spent his youth at the Moghul capital. In his old age he went to
Benares but he was excommunicated by pandits like Appayadiksita on the ground that he was
contaminated by the contact of a muslim woman. Being very much distressed at if jagannatha went to the
Ganges and seated on the Ghat stairs began to sing the praise of Ganga in extempore verses. These verses
are known by the name of Gangalahari. The mother Ganga was very much pleased by his devotion and
began to rise one step at the end of each verse. After the 52nd verse the river took the poet and his muslim
wife in her lap and carried away both of them in her current.
2. When jagannatha lived under the patronage of Akbar, Emperor of Delhi, he married a muslim girl named
Lavangi. After some time the wife died"and jagannatha in his sorrow for her, went to live at Benares. But
he was insulted by the pandits of Benares; at this the poet went to the, river Ganges and after having
praised Ganga by means of his Gangalahari leaped into its rain-swollen current.
3. When Jagannatha was enjoying the favours of the royal court at Delhi he received an invitation from
some ruling Prince. To the invitation he sent the following reply:
"Either the Lord of Delhi or the Lord of the Universe can fulfil (my) desires. Favours granted by other
kings can only suffice for vegetables or salt."
4. Jagannatha had performed austerities to please a Goddess who granted him the following boon:
"Roam till the land of Kurus (in the North) and do not doubt your success in debates with your
opponents; but, my child, accept one boon from me and explain the Sastras."
5. Haridiksita, the teacher of the celebrated Nagesabhatta, went to Delhi and challenged Jagannatha , The
poet feared him and his superior scholarship. He tied a charm round his arm and next day defeated the
opponent Haridiksita , The great grammarian was very much vexed and disappointed and on returning
home he resolved either to destroy himself or vanquish Jagannatha. Through the help of some divinity he
defeated Jagannatha next day.
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