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Buddha (His Life, His Doctrine, His Order)
Buddha (His Life, His Doctrine, His Order)
Description
Back of the Book

Translated from the German By William Hoey

This is translation of German work Buddha, Sein Leben, Seine Lehren sein gemeinde by Prof. Hermann Oldenberg. The original had attracted the attention of European scholars and the name of oldenberg is a sufficient guarantee of the value of its contents. The distinguished author has in this work demolished the skeptical theory of a solar Buddha put forward by M. Senart. He has sifted the legendary elements of Buddhist traditions and has given the reliable residuum of facts concerning Buddha’s life he has examined the original teaching of Buddha shown that the cardinal tenets of the pessimism which he preached are the truth of suffering and the truth of the deliverance are the truth of suffering and the truth of the deliverance from suffering he ahs expounded the ontology of Buddhism and placed the Nirvana in a true light. To do this he ahs gone to the roots of Buddhism in pre Buddhist Brahmanism and has given to indologists the original authorities for his views of Buddhist doctrines in excurses at the end of the work.

Translator’s Preface

This book is a translation of a German work, Buddha, sein Leben, seine Lehre, sein Gemeinde, by Professor Hermann Oldenberg, of Berlin, editor of the "Pali Texts of the Vinaya Pitakam and the Dipavamsa." The original has attracted the attention of European scholars, and the name of Dr. Oldenberg is a sufficient guarantee of the value of its contents. A review of the original doctrines of Buddhism, coming from the pen of the eminent German scholar, the coadjutor of Mr. Rhys Davids in the translation of the Pali scriptures for Professor Max Miller’s "Sacred Books of the East," and the editor of many Pali texts, must be welcome as an addition to the aids which we possess to the study of Buddhism. Dr. Oldenberg has in the work now translated successfully demolished the skeptical theory of a solar Buddha, put forward by M. Senart. He has sifted the legendary elements of Buddhist tradition, and has given the reliable residuum of facts concerning Buddha’s life: he has examined the original teaching of Buddha, shown that the cardinal tenets of the pessimism which he preached are "the truth of suffering and the truth of the deliverance from suffering:" he has expounded the ontology of Buddhism and placed the Nirvana in a true light. To do this he has gone to the roots of Buddhism in pre-Buddhist Brahman-ism; and he has given Orientalists the original authorities for his views of Buddhist dogmatics in Excursus at the end of his work.

To thoughtful men who evince an interest in the comparative study of religious beliefs, Buddhism, as the highest effort of pure intellect to solve the problem of being is attractive. It is not less so to the metaphysician and sociologist who study the philosophy of the modern German pessimistic school and observe its social tendencies. To them Dr. Oldenberg’s work will be as valuable as it is to the Orientalist.

My aim in this translation has been to reproduce the thought of the original in clear English. If I have done this I have succeeded. Dr. Oldenderg has kindly perused my manuscript before going to press and in a few passages of the English I have made slight alterations additions or omissions as compared with the German original at his request.

I have to thank Dr. Rost the librarian of the Indian office at whose suggestion I undertook this work for his kindness and courtesy in facilitating some references which I found it necessary to make to the India office library.

Contents

Introduction
Chapter I
India and Buddhism 1-15
India and the west p. I The Triad of Buddha the doctrine the order p.6.
Western and eastern India - the Brahman castes p.7. the Aryans in India and their extension p.9. Aryan and Vedic culture p.10. the Indian people p.11. the Brahman castes p.13.
Chapter II
Indian Pantheism and pessimism before Buddha 16-59
Symbolism of the offering the absolute p.16. Rudiments of India speculation p.17. Sacrifice and the symbolism of sacrifice p.20. the atman p.24. the Brahma p.27. the absolute as Atman Brahman p. 29
The absolute and the external world p. 32. Earlier and later forms of the Atman of the Atman idea p.35. conversation of Yajnavalkya with Maitreyi p.34. the non-ego p.38
Pessimism Metempsychosis Deliverance P.41.
The Tempter Brahman p.53. the Kathaka-Upanishad Naciketas and the god of the Death p.54 . the God of Death and the Mara the Temper p.58. Brahman p.59
Chapter III
Asceticism Monastic Orders 60-70
Beginning of Monasticism p.60 advance of asceticism from western India to the east formation of monastic orders p.63. sects and heads of sects p.66
Sophistic p.67
Part I
Buddha’s Life
Chapter I
The Character of Tradition Legend and Myth 71-94
Doubt of the historical reality of buddha’s personality Buddha and the sun-hero p. 73. basis of the traditions regarding Buddha the sacred Pali literature p.75. character of the memoranda regarding buddha’s person p.76. want of an ancient biography of Buddha p.78. biographical fragments handed down from ancient times p.81. legendary elements p.81 examination of the history of the attainment of delivering knowledge p.85. character of the statements regarding the external surroundings of Buddha’s life p.91.
Chapter II
Buddha’s Youth 95-112
The Sakyas p.95. Buddha not a king’s son p.99. childhood marriage p.100 departure from home p.103 period of fruitless search p.105. decisive turning point of his life p.107
Chapter III
Beginning of the teacher’s career 113-137
The Four times seven days p.114. history of the temptation p.116
The Sermon at Benares p.123. the first disciples p.130
Further Conversions p.131.
Chapter IV
Buddha’s work 138-195
Buddha’s work p.137 daily life p.141 Rainy season and season of Itinerancy p.142. allotment of the day p.149
Buddha’s disciples p.150 lay adherents p.162. women p.164. dialogue between Buddha and Visakha p.167
Buddha’s criticism p. 170 Brahmanism 171. Buddha’s criticism with other monastic orders criticism of self mortifications p. 175.
Buddha’s method of teaching p. 176. dialect p. 177. his discourse their scholastic character p.178. type of the histories of conversions p.184. Dialogues p.188. Analogy, Induction p.189. Similes p.190. fables and tales p.193. poetical sayings p.193.
Chapter V
Buddha’s Death 196-203
Part II
The Doctrines of Buddhism
Chapter I
The Tenet of Suffering 204-222
Buddhism a doctrine of suffering and deliverance p.204. its scholastic dialectic p.207. difficulty of comprehension p.208
The four sacred truths. The first and Buddhist pessimism p.209. the nothing and suffering p.212. dialectic foundation of pessimism discussion of the non-ego p.213. the tone of Buddhist pessimism p.221.
Chapter II
The tenets of the origin and of the extinction of suffering 223-285
The Formula of the causal nexus p. 223
The third link in the chain of causality consciousness and corporeal from p.227.
The Fourth to the eleventh link in the chain of causality p.231.
The First and second links of the causal chain p.237. ignorance p.237. The Samkharas and formation p.247. dhamma Samkhara p.250
The Soul p.252.
The saint the Ego. The Nirvana p.263. the Nirvana in this life p.264. the death of the saint P.266. is the Nirvana the nothing p.267. Buddha’s conversation with Vacchagotta p.272. with malukya p.274 disallowing the question as to the ultimate goal p.276. veiled answers to the question the conversation between Khema and pasenade p.278 Sariputta’s conversation wit Yamaka p.281
Chapter III
The Tenet of the path to the extinction of suffering 286-330
Duties to others p.286 the three categories of uprightness self concentration and wisdom p.288. prohibitions and commands p.200 love and compassion p.202 story of long life and long grief p.293. story of Kunala p.296 beneficence the story of vessantara p.302 the story of the wise hare p. 303.
Moral Self culture p.305
Mara the Evil one p.309.
The last stages of the path of salvation abstractions saints and Buddha’s p.313
Part III
The order of Buddha’s disciples
Chapter I
The Constitution of the order and its codes of laws p.331
The Order and the dioceses admission and with drawal p.336
Property clothing dwelling maintenance p.354
The Cultus p.369
The order of Nuns p.377
The Spritiual order and the lay world p. 381
Excursus
First Excursus
On the relative geographical location of vedic and Buddhist culture 391-411
Separate demarcation of Aryan and Vedic culture p. 391. the enumeration of peoples in the Aitareya Brahmana texts p.392. Ditto in Manu P.393. the stocks mentioned in the Brahmana texts p.305. the Kurus p.396. Yajnavalkaya and the videhas p.397. the legend of agni vaicvanara p.399. the magadhas p.400. the stocks named in the rik-samhita p.401 the turvacas p.404 the tritsu bharatas p.405.
Second Excursus
Notes and authorities on the history of buddha’s youth 411-426
The Sakyas p.411. the name gotama p.413. Buddha not a king’s son p.416. his youth and departure from kapilavathu p. 417. the period from pabbajja to sambodhi p .420. the sambodhi
Third Excursus
Appendices and authorities on some matters of Buddhist dogmatic 427-459
1. The Nirvana p.427. Padhi p.427. Upadana p.429. Upadiseasa p.433. passages bearing on the Nrivana p. 438 Nirvana and parinirvana p.444
2. Namarupa p.445
3. The four stages of holiness p.448

Buddha (His Life, His Doctrine, His Order)

Item Code:
NAB797
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2006
ISBN:
8120814975
Size:
8.5 inch X 5.5 inch
Pages:
462
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Weight of the Book: 583 gms
Price:
$30.00   Shipping Free
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Back of the Book

Translated from the German By William Hoey

This is translation of German work Buddha, Sein Leben, Seine Lehren sein gemeinde by Prof. Hermann Oldenberg. The original had attracted the attention of European scholars and the name of oldenberg is a sufficient guarantee of the value of its contents. The distinguished author has in this work demolished the skeptical theory of a solar Buddha put forward by M. Senart. He has sifted the legendary elements of Buddhist traditions and has given the reliable residuum of facts concerning Buddha’s life he has examined the original teaching of Buddha shown that the cardinal tenets of the pessimism which he preached are the truth of suffering and the truth of the deliverance are the truth of suffering and the truth of the deliverance from suffering he ahs expounded the ontology of Buddhism and placed the Nirvana in a true light. To do this he ahs gone to the roots of Buddhism in pre Buddhist Brahmanism and has given to indologists the original authorities for his views of Buddhist doctrines in excurses at the end of the work.

Translator’s Preface

This book is a translation of a German work, Buddha, sein Leben, seine Lehre, sein Gemeinde, by Professor Hermann Oldenberg, of Berlin, editor of the "Pali Texts of the Vinaya Pitakam and the Dipavamsa." The original has attracted the attention of European scholars, and the name of Dr. Oldenberg is a sufficient guarantee of the value of its contents. A review of the original doctrines of Buddhism, coming from the pen of the eminent German scholar, the coadjutor of Mr. Rhys Davids in the translation of the Pali scriptures for Professor Max Miller’s "Sacred Books of the East," and the editor of many Pali texts, must be welcome as an addition to the aids which we possess to the study of Buddhism. Dr. Oldenberg has in the work now translated successfully demolished the skeptical theory of a solar Buddha, put forward by M. Senart. He has sifted the legendary elements of Buddhist tradition, and has given the reliable residuum of facts concerning Buddha’s life: he has examined the original teaching of Buddha, shown that the cardinal tenets of the pessimism which he preached are "the truth of suffering and the truth of the deliverance from suffering:" he has expounded the ontology of Buddhism and placed the Nirvana in a true light. To do this he has gone to the roots of Buddhism in pre-Buddhist Brahman-ism; and he has given Orientalists the original authorities for his views of Buddhist dogmatics in Excursus at the end of his work.

To thoughtful men who evince an interest in the comparative study of religious beliefs, Buddhism, as the highest effort of pure intellect to solve the problem of being is attractive. It is not less so to the metaphysician and sociologist who study the philosophy of the modern German pessimistic school and observe its social tendencies. To them Dr. Oldenberg’s work will be as valuable as it is to the Orientalist.

My aim in this translation has been to reproduce the thought of the original in clear English. If I have done this I have succeeded. Dr. Oldenderg has kindly perused my manuscript before going to press and in a few passages of the English I have made slight alterations additions or omissions as compared with the German original at his request.

I have to thank Dr. Rost the librarian of the Indian office at whose suggestion I undertook this work for his kindness and courtesy in facilitating some references which I found it necessary to make to the India office library.

Contents

Introduction
Chapter I
India and Buddhism 1-15
India and the west p. I The Triad of Buddha the doctrine the order p.6.
Western and eastern India - the Brahman castes p.7. the Aryans in India and their extension p.9. Aryan and Vedic culture p.10. the Indian people p.11. the Brahman castes p.13.
Chapter II
Indian Pantheism and pessimism before Buddha 16-59
Symbolism of the offering the absolute p.16. Rudiments of India speculation p.17. Sacrifice and the symbolism of sacrifice p.20. the atman p.24. the Brahma p.27. the absolute as Atman Brahman p. 29
The absolute and the external world p. 32. Earlier and later forms of the Atman of the Atman idea p.35. conversation of Yajnavalkya with Maitreyi p.34. the non-ego p.38
Pessimism Metempsychosis Deliverance P.41.
The Tempter Brahman p.53. the Kathaka-Upanishad Naciketas and the god of the Death p.54 . the God of Death and the Mara the Temper p.58. Brahman p.59
Chapter III
Asceticism Monastic Orders 60-70
Beginning of Monasticism p.60 advance of asceticism from western India to the east formation of monastic orders p.63. sects and heads of sects p.66
Sophistic p.67
Part I
Buddha’s Life
Chapter I
The Character of Tradition Legend and Myth 71-94
Doubt of the historical reality of buddha’s personality Buddha and the sun-hero p. 73. basis of the traditions regarding Buddha the sacred Pali literature p.75. character of the memoranda regarding buddha’s person p.76. want of an ancient biography of Buddha p.78. biographical fragments handed down from ancient times p.81. legendary elements p.81 examination of the history of the attainment of delivering knowledge p.85. character of the statements regarding the external surroundings of Buddha’s life p.91.
Chapter II
Buddha’s Youth 95-112
The Sakyas p.95. Buddha not a king’s son p.99. childhood marriage p.100 departure from home p.103 period of fruitless search p.105. decisive turning point of his life p.107
Chapter III
Beginning of the teacher’s career 113-137
The Four times seven days p.114. history of the temptation p.116
The Sermon at Benares p.123. the first disciples p.130
Further Conversions p.131.
Chapter IV
Buddha’s work 138-195
Buddha’s work p.137 daily life p.141 Rainy season and season of Itinerancy p.142. allotment of the day p.149
Buddha’s disciples p.150 lay adherents p.162. women p.164. dialogue between Buddha and Visakha p.167
Buddha’s criticism p. 170 Brahmanism 171. Buddha’s criticism with other monastic orders criticism of self mortifications p. 175.
Buddha’s method of teaching p. 176. dialect p. 177. his discourse their scholastic character p.178. type of the histories of conversions p.184. Dialogues p.188. Analogy, Induction p.189. Similes p.190. fables and tales p.193. poetical sayings p.193.
Chapter V
Buddha’s Death 196-203
Part II
The Doctrines of Buddhism
Chapter I
The Tenet of Suffering 204-222
Buddhism a doctrine of suffering and deliverance p.204. its scholastic dialectic p.207. difficulty of comprehension p.208
The four sacred truths. The first and Buddhist pessimism p.209. the nothing and suffering p.212. dialectic foundation of pessimism discussion of the non-ego p.213. the tone of Buddhist pessimism p.221.
Chapter II
The tenets of the origin and of the extinction of suffering 223-285
The Formula of the causal nexus p. 223
The third link in the chain of causality consciousness and corporeal from p.227.
The Fourth to the eleventh link in the chain of causality p.231.
The First and second links of the causal chain p.237. ignorance p.237. The Samkharas and formation p.247. dhamma Samkhara p.250
The Soul p.252.
The saint the Ego. The Nirvana p.263. the Nirvana in this life p.264. the death of the saint P.266. is the Nirvana the nothing p.267. Buddha’s conversation with Vacchagotta p.272. with malukya p.274 disallowing the question as to the ultimate goal p.276. veiled answers to the question the conversation between Khema and pasenade p.278 Sariputta’s conversation wit Yamaka p.281
Chapter III
The Tenet of the path to the extinction of suffering 286-330
Duties to others p.286 the three categories of uprightness self concentration and wisdom p.288. prohibitions and commands p.200 love and compassion p.202 story of long life and long grief p.293. story of Kunala p.296 beneficence the story of vessantara p.302 the story of the wise hare p. 303.
Moral Self culture p.305
Mara the Evil one p.309.
The last stages of the path of salvation abstractions saints and Buddha’s p.313
Part III
The order of Buddha’s disciples
Chapter I
The Constitution of the order and its codes of laws p.331
The Order and the dioceses admission and with drawal p.336
Property clothing dwelling maintenance p.354
The Cultus p.369
The order of Nuns p.377
The Spritiual order and the lay world p. 381
Excursus
First Excursus
On the relative geographical location of vedic and Buddhist culture 391-411
Separate demarcation of Aryan and Vedic culture p. 391. the enumeration of peoples in the Aitareya Brahmana texts p.392. Ditto in Manu P.393. the stocks mentioned in the Brahmana texts p.305. the Kurus p.396. Yajnavalkaya and the videhas p.397. the legend of agni vaicvanara p.399. the magadhas p.400. the stocks named in the rik-samhita p.401 the turvacas p.404 the tritsu bharatas p.405.
Second Excursus
Notes and authorities on the history of buddha’s youth 411-426
The Sakyas p.411. the name gotama p.413. Buddha not a king’s son p.416. his youth and departure from kapilavathu p. 417. the period from pabbajja to sambodhi p .420. the sambodhi
Third Excursus
Appendices and authorities on some matters of Buddhist dogmatic 427-459
1. The Nirvana p.427. Padhi p.427. Upadana p.429. Upadiseasa p.433. passages bearing on the Nrivana p. 438 Nirvana and parinirvana p.444
2. Namarupa p.445
3. The four stages of holiness p.448
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