This book has 27 papers on
Harappan script. The author contradicted
pre conceived idea of only Dravidian
language theory of Harappan. He prefers
Name of South Asian civilization for this
earliest Harappan civilization of South
A unique contribution of the author
is identification of Inscribed double
headed terracotta Siva from Kalibangan.
Which has three sign in proto-Brahmi
script and author read these sign as
He did D.Phil. research in Allahabad
In 1985, he joined as Dy. Keeper at
National Museum, New Delhi. In 1992, he
was promoted as Keeper in National
Museum. He was Associate Professor in
National Museum Institute and Head of
Collection, Harappan and Pre-history,
ational Museum, we Delhi. He has 33
books and 210 research papers in his
credit. At present he is Director Bharat
Kala Bhavan Museum. B.H.U. Varanasi.
Proto Dravidian and Aryan were very well present among Harappan population. New
discovery of ocher colored pottery (O.C.P.) from Jodhpur and copper hoard weapons from
Sanauli Ganeshwar, Lothal, Madarpur and Mithatal confirms Authors view of copper hoard
i.e., Aryans were living together with Dravidian population of Harappan civilization. Editor
also concluded Harappan script is Proto-Brahmi and their Languages were Proto-Dravidian
and Laukik Sanskrit. I was much impressed by the work done by S.R. Rao, A. Pathak, Aska
Parpola, S. Kak, J.P. Joshi, B.B. Lal and I. Mahadevan but I defers with some views of Parpola.
The more positive section of this book is on glyptic seals and identification of Harappan sign.
In 1985 when I joined as Day Keeper, Prehistory and Archaeology at National Museum,
New Delhi and later on I was promoted as keeper and I took over charge of Harappan Antiquities.
Soon after team of Aska Parpola and J.P. Joshi examined Seals from Harappan sites. I showed
them Inscribed Harappan material for five years and while doing this work I developed interest
in Harappan script.
I did not like pre-conceived idea of only Dravidian origin of some scholar (Parpola
Mahadevan and others) and we need some more archaeological material and earliest evidence
of Dravidian language in support of only Dravidian origin theory which is lacking. Planet
worship and importance of Siva and celestial Gods had been dominant factor of Harappan
religion and this is common denominator religious factor among Dravidian and early Aryan
population of South Asia. The term for South Asia is most appropriate for this Civilization and
the term was also accepted by B.B. La! and Mark Kenoyer.
The main obstacle in deciphering the Harappan script is the complete lack of translations,
known scripts and language, we do not have Greek version or Brahmi version of this unknown
script which was available in Rosetta stone inscription of Egyptian hieroglyph in other known
scripts. Like logo syllabic script of Indus Valley and their interpretation, stamp seal of Nindowari
on Indus sign depicts the palm-squirrel (M-1202).
On the basis of the above-mentioned observation present author concluded "Indus script
was logo-syllabic and akin with Brahmi. The Egyptians were the first who knew-about script
around 3000 B.C. when they carne in contact with the proto-Elarnite invaders of Mesopotamia.
The Harappan houses were built mostly of bricks and stone on high platforms. The pattern
of this civilization in certain respects was uniform as in evident, not only from the seals, sealing’s,
writings, beads, weights and measures, pottery etc., but also from the bricks and brick-laying
technique which are the same. The linear measuring scale has been found at Lothal, Kalibangan,
Mohenjo-Daro and Allahdino. Mature Harappan sites like Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Kalibangan
had each a citadel on high mound in the west and a fortified chessboard patterned lower town
in the east. The Dholavira town planning was having three principal divisions named as Acropolis
(Citadel), middle town and lower town, which was surrounded by a rectangular massive stone
fortification wall. This requires confirmation from other Harappan sites. The Great Bath tank
at Mohenjo-Daro shows the state of perfection reached in perfect building techniques. It is 39 x
23 feet in area and 8 feet deep. Identical tanks were found at Dholavira.
The most beautiful of all the figurines found at Mohenjo-Daro are two small figures of a
dancing girl in bronze. The famous stone bust of a bearded man, dad in embroidered shawl
with trefoil motif, now in the National Museum, Karachi, resembles the image of a priest.
Similar type of a headless seated stone priest and Mongooses recently reported from
Dholavira. Now They used gold and silver to make bracelets, necklaces, bangles, earrings, and headMohenjo-Daro, Farman, Nindowari, Sanouli, Allahdino, Bhimana, Rakhigarhi, Lothal, Quetta,
Dholavira and Harappa.
Book's Contents and Sample Pages
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