In fact. after the partition (in 1947) extensive explorations were carried out in
various places to search Harappan sites in India. since both the major Harappan
sites. Mohenjodaro and Harappa, remained with the present-day Pakistan. Kalibangan
was the first Harappan site which was explored and subsequently excavated after
Independence. in 1960-69.
The excavations at Kalibangan have undoubtedly produced very good results
and established Fabric A to F in pottery. added a unique finding of the earliest
ploughed field from the early Harappan period and traces of earliest earthquake
marking the end of the early Harappan and Harappan. Scale. cylindrical seal. charging
bull. inscribed pottery. fire-alters. wells. bathing platforms. Itnga-wtth-yonl, plumb
bob. etc. are the noteworthy findings. along with the plans of citadel. the city and
burial ground. from Harappan Period.
However. for this long-pending report and its enormous delay. the senior author.
Prof. B. B. Lal, states in the Preface of the book: "Better Late than Never". The
completion of the report has only been possible due to painstaking approach of the
authors. after their retirements: Prof. B. B. La1 and Late Shri Jagat Pati Joshi. both
former Directors General of Archaeological Survey of India.
This Part-Ion the Harappans throws light on chronology; three-mounds concept
of the settlement; fortified citadel and city; stratigraphy and structures; chess-
board plan of the city; ritual platform. fire-altars. wells; representative pottery.
plain as well as decorated. with their design-repertoire; cylindrical seal. square
seals and sealtngs, with scientific studies of steatite seals; crafts and industries.
The academic community which has eagerly been waiting for this report for a
long time will surely welcome it.
I have great pleasure in placing on record my appreciation of my colleagues in
the Archaeological Survey of India. for their joint efforts for the completion of the
report. My special thanks are due to Dr. B. R. Mani, Additional Director General.
Dr. D. N. Dtmrt, Director (Publication), Shri Daljit Singh. Superintending
Archaeologist (Publication), Shri Vishnu Kant. Assistant Superintending
Archaeologist, Delhi Circle. Dr. Sujeet Nayan, Assistant Superintending Archaeologist
(Publication), Shri Hoshiar Singh. Production Officer (Publication), Shri Abinash
Mohanty. Assistant Archaeologist and others who have provided assistance with
ardent zeal in bringing out this publication. Mis. Aravali Printers. New Delhi. deserve
my thanks for their co-operation and publishing this book.
As in the case of the earlier volume, in the present one too the credit of organizing
the work must go primarily to Shri Jagat Pati Joshi. He has taken pains to piece
together the field-drawings. making them presentable. He has also analyzed the
stratigraphy of the site, paying attention to each and every trench. Along with Ms
Madhu Bala, he has examined the vast store of antiquities recovered from the site,
selecting them for the purpose of this report and writing on them. Ms Madhu Bala
has also written the chapters on small finds and pottery. Shri A.K Sharma was in
charge of the cemetery area and has contributed a detailed chapter on the burials,
besides KS. Ramachandran who has written on some of the pot-burials excavated
by him. Prof. Bala Subramaniam of lIT and Jagat Pati Joshi have contributed a
chapter on Harappan measuring instruments from Kalibangan. Way back, in 1955,
the late Shri A. Ghosh had carried out explorations in certain parts of the Ghaggar
and Drishadvati valleys and had duly recorded his findings in a diary. Since the
material is related to the subject-matter of this Report, an opportunity is taken to
include here his field-notes, along with a paper on the subject, which he presented
at the All India History Congress, Jaipur, on December 29, 1951. Shri R.K Sharma,
has carried out detailed scientific studies of the fragments of the seals at the
science laboratory of the Archaeological Survey of India, Dehradun (Uttarakhand).
Because of such a diverse authorship, it is but natural that the style of
presentation and language vary from chapter to chapter. Further, since the report
had to be submitted to the Director General, ASI, by the dead-line of May 2007 and
most of the chapters poured in just before that, no worthwhile editing was possible.
Thus, the reader is requested to look more for the contents of the chapters rather
than go into the nuances of the style and language.
As the senior most amongst the contributors, I have great pleasure in' placing
this report in the hands of the reader, hoping once again that we would be forgiven
for the extraordinary delay.
Book's Contents and Sample Pages
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