First Book of Sanskrit: Being an Elementary Treatise on grammar with Exercises

First Book of Sanskrit: Being an Elementary Treatise on grammar with Exercises

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Item Code: IDF921
Author: Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar
Publisher: Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office
Language: English
Edition: 2015
ISBN: 817080048X
Pages: 218
Cover: Paperback
Other Details 7.0" X 4.7"
Weight 210 gm

The study of Sanskrit has but recently risen in the estimation of the educated natives of this presidency and of our educational authorities. The old Sanskrit college of Poona owed its existence and continuance rather to a spirit of conciliation and toleration in our rulers than to their conviction of the utility of Sanskrit as a branch of general education. The modern critical and progressive spirit was not brought to bear upon it. The old Sastris were allowed to carry all things in their own way. After about thirty years since its establishment the authorities began to exercise active interference until at length the college was abolished and a new system inaugurated, which to be complete and effective, enquires, in my humble opinion, a partial restoration of the old institution.

This newly awakened and more enlightened zeal in favour of Sanskrit cannot last, or produce extensive results, unless books are prepared to facilitate the general study of that language. I have heard students complain that they find Sanskrit more difficult than Latin, and many have actually left the study of their own classical tongue for that of its foreign rival. I do not know if this complain has a foundation in the structure of the two languages; but this, at least, I am sure of that Sanskrit would be considerably more easy than it is, if there were men educated in our English Colleges to teach it, and if books specially adapted for beginners were available. It was with the view of supplying in some measure, this latter desideratum that this little book was prepared about a year and a half ago.




  VERBS- Present tense  
I Singular Terminations 4
II Plural Terminations 6
III Dual Terminations 8
IV On the Present Tense generally 9
  General Result and Examination 11
V Nominative Case 14
VI Accusative Case 18
VII Instrumental Case 22
VIII Dative and ablative Cases 25
IX Genitive, locative and Vocative Cases 30
  General Results and Examination 34
  VERBS- Present Tense  
X Singular Number 37
XI Dual and plural Numbers 40
XII Passive and Impersonal Forms 43
  General Results and Examination 46
XIII Nominative and Accusative Cases 47
XIV Instrumental, Dative and Ablative Cases 50
XV Genitive, Locative and Vocative Cases 54
  General Results and Examination 58
  VERBS-Imperfect or First Preterite  
XVI Parasmaipada, Singular and Dual Numbers 59
XVII Paramaipada, Plural Number and Atmanepada, singular Number 61
XVIII Atmanepada, Dual and Plural Numbers 64
  General Result and examination 68
  NOUNS ending in other vowels, masculine, neuter and feminine  
XIX The first four cases of nouns ending in Masc and neut 68
XX The last four cases 74
  Examination 78
XXI Feminine nouns ending in I, U, UU, and RI 79
  Examination 85
  VERBS- Imperative Mood  
XXII Parasmaipada 85
XXIII Atmanepada 88
XXIV Some of the more important verbal derivatives 90
  Examination 95
  NOUNSEnding in Consonants  
  Examination 103
  Examination 111
XXVII S, VAS and IAS or AAS 111
  Examination 118
XXVIII Verbs- potential Mood 119
  Examination 124
XXIX Demonstrative, Relative and Interrogative 125
  Examination 131
XXX Of the 1st and 2nd Persons 132
XXXI ADS and IDM 136
  Examination 142
XXXII Selection, Poetical and Prose 142
  Appendix 147
  Glossary, Sanskrit and English 155
  Glossary, English and Sanskrit 191


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