THE FOLK-ELEMENT IN HINDU CULTURE

THE FOLK-ELEMENT IN HINDU CULTURE

$22.50
Item Code: IDC098
Author: Benoy Kumar Sarkar
Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Edition: 1972
ISBN: 8170690250
Pages: 332
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 9.0" X 5.8"
About The Book:

The Folk Element in Hindu Culture by Benoy Kumar Sarkar is a work of outstanding merit and scholarship. It is an important contribution to socio-religious studies in Hindu folk-institutions.

This work will be of great use and relevance to the sociologist, anthropologist and the historian. An excellent example of scholarship assimilating the historical and ethnographical material, it provides a clear perspective and understanding of the present in terms of the past.

CONTENTS

Prefacevii
CHAPTER 1.
A Festival of The People.
Section
I. Theory of the institution3
""
II. Geography of the institution5
""
III. History of the institution7
8
10
    (c) As described by Hiuen Thsang
12
""
IV. The institution as an instrument of national culture14
    (a) Influence on Bengali literature
14
    (b) The Gambhira and folk arts
17
    (c) The institution as a school of moral training
19
    (d) The institution as a school of public life
20
CHAPTER II.
The Bengali Folk-Poesy of Shaivaism.
SectionI. Importance of vernaculars23
""
II. Salutation-Song in Bengali MSS.26
""
III. Specimen 127
""
IV. Specimen 231
""
V. Specimen 339
""
IV. Specimen 444
CHAPTER III.
The Gambhira: A Popular Form of Shaiva Cult in Eastern India.
SectionI. The several parts of Gambhira festivities51
""
II. Centres for Gambhira festivities61
""
III. Popular decorations62
""
IV. The system of administration66
""
V. The Name of the institution68
CHAPTER IV.
The Gajan: A Popular form of Shaiva Cult in Eastern India
73
CHAPTER V.
Folk-Festivities in North Bengal and Orissa
SectionI. Gambhira88
""
II. Sahiyatra91
CHAPTER VI.
Popular Buddhism in Hindu Bengal
99
CHAPTER VII.
Physical Austerities Practised by the People
SectionI. Vanafoda103
""
II. History of the practice of Vanafoda106
CHAPTER III.
Folk Dances in Religious Festivals
SectionI. The mask109
""
II. The dance111
CHAPTER IX.
Socialization and Secularization of Gindu Lives
SectionI. Processions 115
""
II. Music and dance121
""
III. Social gatherings 129
CHAPTER X.
Buddhist and Jaina Element in Modern Hinduism
SectionI. Hinayana School of Budhism135
""
II. Jaina festivities136
""
III. Mahayana School of Buddhism141
CHAPTER XI.
National Festival of the Seventh Century A. D.
SectionI. The age of religious eclecticism 149
""
II. Two festivities witnessed by Hiuen Thsang153
""
    (a) The Special Buddhist Festival at Kanauj
154
""
    (b) The Quinquennial Gift-Festival at Allahabad
156
CHAPTER XII.
Socio-Religious Life of the People of Bengal Under the Palas
SectionI. The Pala-Chola period of Hindu Imperialism (ninth to thirteenth century A.D.)160
""
II. Submergence of Buddhism163
""
III. Establishment of Shaivaism170
CHAPTER XIII.
The Tantric Lore of Medieval Buddhism
SectionI. Mahayanic mythology175
""
II. The Common factor in neo-Hinduism and neo-Buddhism:
    (a) Bodhisattvas
177
    (b) Tara
182
""
III. Dharma and Tantrism (c. A.D. 600-800)186
CHAPTER XIV.
Ramai Pandit, a Folk-Minstrel of Decadent Buddhism
SectionI. Tantrism of Atisha, the Bengalee Buddhist missionary in Tibet (eleventh century)189
""
II. Hindu Elements in Ramai's Buddhism192
""
III. The work of Ramai as preacher (twelfth century)195
""
IV. The Creation-story in Shunya Purana197
""
V. Final Hinduizing of Medieval Buddhism200
CHAPTER XV.
People's Life in Bengal on the Eve of Moslem Invasions.
SectionI. Brahmanism established (eleventh century)202
""
II. Folk-tradition about castes and creeds204
""
III. Halayudha the Sociologist and other men of letters (twelfth century)208
""
IV. Shekh Shubhodaya - a picture of moral degeneration212
""
V. Beginning of Moslem rule (c. A.D. 1200)213
CHAPTER XVI.
Islam in Popular Hinduism.
SectionI. Formative forces in Indian culture history215
""
II. Aggressive Islam in Eastern India 218
""
III. Hindu deities in Mohammedan Bengal221
""
IV. Mohammedan elements in mediaeval Buddhism 229
""
V. Triumph of Shiva229
""
VI. Propagation of Shaiva-cum-Shaktaism332
CHAPTER XVII.
Sanskrit Texts of Shaiva Folk-Lore
SectionI. Shiva Purana 234
    (a) The Linga, or Phallus
234
    (b) Festivities
238
    (c) Conventional ceremonies
240
    (d) Sanction for the months of worship
242
""
II. Harivamsha on Vanafoda (physical austerities) 244
    (a) Discomfiture of Vana the Shivaite
244
    (b) Shiva's boons to Vana
246
    (c) Faith of modern Shaivas in Vana-legend
247
""
III. Dharma-Samhita: References to masks 247
    (a) Disguises of Shiva's attendants
248
    (b) The "comedy of errors"
250
    (c) Masks and "comedy of errors" modern Shaiva lore
251
CHAPTER XVIII.
Invention of Gods and Goddess by the People
253
Index-
I. Subjects263
II. Proper names and Literary references299

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