INCREASED awareness about aromatic plants has
encouraged many innovative and progressive growers and entrepreneurs to take
up their cultivation as a commercial enterprise and more and more plants are
being harnessed for preparation of newer perfumes.
This is a comprehensive
book in the cultivation of aromatic plants grown or found in different parts of the
world. It covers nomenclature, description, distribution, cultivation, processing,
physical and chemical properties and uses of more than four hundred genera and
a large number of species which would be of special interest to readers.
Moreover, several interesting aspects on history, classification, production and
export of essential oils, raw material for perfumers, extraction of natural fragrance
and perfumes, safety aspects of fragrance and flavour materials uses of flavours
and fragrances and suggestion for improvement of aromatic crop industry are
discussed in this book. This will be an useful and handy reference book for
aromatic plant collectors, perfumers, amateur and professional gardeners, food
flavour and perfume industries, farmers, processing personnel, extension
workers, exporters, students, teachers and scientists.
About the Author:
He is and eminent scientist in the field of
horticulture, retired as Project Coordinator, All India Coordinated Research
Project on floriculture, Indian Council Of Agricultural Research. He obtained his M.
Sc. In Horticulture with first class and first rank from Kalyani University and Ph. D.
in horticulture from Calcutta University. He is also a diploma holder in Business
Management and Industrial Administration, United Nations Studies and
He has 38 years research, teaching, management,
developmental and administrative experience in private organizations, Indian
Botanic Gardens, Botanical Survey of India, state Agricultural Universities and
ICAR Institutes. He was Head of the Division of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops,
Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Banglore. He has also served as
Professor of Horticulture and Professor-in-Charge, North Bengal Campus,
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Cooch-Behar, West Bengal.
visited several foreign countries. He has published about 400 research papers
and popular scientific articles in journals of national and international repute. He is
the author of seven books among which Advanced Commercial Floriculture,
Handbook of Medicinal Plants and Medicinal Herbs and Flowers have been
widely acclaimed and well received.
Since antiquity aromatic plants have been used as flavour
for food and drinks, for imparting fragrance to human body for beautification of
homes and gardens for religious rites, as incense and insect repellent in
cosmetics and personal adornment and in medicine. Flavours and fragrance
have now become every day necessities and between naturally derived aromatic
material and synthetics the two are supplementary and must go hand in hand.
There is however renewed preference for natural essential oils. India is a large
consumer of different kinds of essential oils.
Although essential oils are
produced in large quantities this is unable to meet the internal demands for
several different types of essential oils, which need to be imported. Major oils
being imported in India are geraniym, patchouli, lavender, and lemon, orange oils.
Large quantities of oleoresins and resenoides of balsam variety are also
imported in the country for use in agarbattis and oleoresins and resenoides are
Increased awareness about the aromatic plants has encouraged
many innovative and progressive flowers and entrepreneurs to take up their
cultivation as a commercial enterprise, and more and more plants are being
harnessed for the preparation of new and newer perfumes. Ours is a vast country
where wide variation in climate, soil, altitude and latitude is a available. Nature
has bestowed on us a very rich botanical wealth and a large number of diverse
types of plants grow wild in different parts of the country. Concerted and planned
efforts towards utilization of these natural resources will bring down imports and
boost the exports of many of the essential oils. An attempt has been made to
organize this book in such a way that it will be useful to everyone interested in the
world of plants. Particularly those increasing number of people who are
concerned with aromatic plants. Many of these valuable and useful groups of
plants are threatened with extinction because of over-exploitation and habitat
destruction. Authentic plant spices, which are threatened with extinction, are to be
My endeavour here is to make people aware of the potential of
aromatic plants from all angles and to explore possibilities to develop new vistas
for perfumery based raw material. There is a need to identify the natural plant
wealth and commercially viable species in each agro climatic zone, to introduce
new commercial crops grown and utilized abroad, promote industries to produce
essential oils standardize agro techniques for cultivation and production of these
plants particularly in forests, waste lands and orchards as an additional income
generating activity; and also to strengthen the research and development activity
for evolving new aromatic chemicals and their production technology.
book more than 400 genera are discussed covering nearly 1,100 species.
Almost all commercially important aromatic plants cultivated in different parts of
the world have found a place in this publication. Plants with fragrant flowers or
plant parts commonly grown in gardens or found in nature, which have not been
exploited for essential oil or perfumery quality, are also mentioned. An integrated
and comprehensive account of all related aspects of the subject such as
nomenclature, description, distribution, cultivation, processing, physical and
chemical properties of large selection of plants have been incorporated. I hope
that the information furnished in this book will make it easier to identify the
aromatic plant and make their growing more thorough and satisfying.
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