In India from time immemorial, people belonging to various religious faiths lived in harmony and peace.
There are fundamental values and traditions in our culture that promote integration among different
communities. This was helpful for the growth of a great civilization rich tradition of Social Harmony
among diverse religious and ethnic groups and pass it over to the future generations. Even though
communal tensions in India are well under control, there is no place for complacency as many internal
and external forces are waiting with their ulterior motives sowing the seeds of ill-will. Human needs can be
found as the same everywhere in the world if we look at it from biological and psychological
perspectives. Irrespective of the geographic, linguistic or religious differences humans everywhere have
common biological needs like hunger, thirst, sex etc; the satisfaction of which is essential for their
survival. Similarly man has psychological needs like, need for recognition, need for companionship, need
for security, need for prestige etc. the fulfillment of which is inevitable for maintaining sound mental
health. Man cannot satisfy most of such needs through his own individual efforts. He requires the
assistance of his fellow members of the group in this regard. That is why human beings are considered as
social animals. A cooperative integrated society is most congenial for leading a healthy social life. Religion
is one of the social institutions found in all human societies. It assists man to establish and maintain
harmonious relationships with the supernatural forces that are believed to have direct influence in the
fortunes of man. Moreover religion is one of the agents contributing to the integration of society. This
book is about the history and need of Communal Harmony in India.
Bhujang R. Bobade (Born 1982) from last Nine years, Bobade is in the consulting world to take
the helm in Archival and Museum field at a time of crisis and change. He went through a dramatic
turnaround. He started bootstrapping growth. Now, he is on the doorstep of a major expansion. It’s
exciting and tiring and rewarding as ever building a rigorous strategic framework under his creative,
community-based work. In his all last year, it was all about getting the programming moving,
experimenting, and exploring the possibilities with spreading historical research in our community-
History for Society Research. He is also working on different historical and educational Museums
Dr. Omshiva Ligade (Born 1968) is an eminent Indian historian of medieval and Modern India,
following the approach of Cultural historiography. He has a great experience of Under Graduate and Post
Graduate teaching also. He is well known for his strong stance about Numismatic and research orientation
work. He has authored a number of books, including Syllabus books chapters. He is head of History
Dept., Shivjagruti Mahavidhyalaya, Nalegoan Dist. Latur from last 14 years. He was Chairman of State
and National conferences, workshops about History and Gandhian thoughts. He is executive editor of
different National and international research journals. He is said to be the first historian to use inscriptions
and pictorial sources for the teaching of history which is what current days students of history do. He is
said to be a pioneer in throwing light on judicial system in late medieval period.
India has set an important example of communal harmony to this world. India is the only country of the
world where people of all religion and beliefs have been living peacefully for a long time. It is important to
note that even during the reign of British, there was no tension among the various religious people.
India, a multi-religious, multilingual and multi-racial country, has always enjoyed the essential unity of
culture amidst diversities that kept her people united. After independence, narrow religious, regional and
communal feelings attracted the country. The apparently mindless communal tensions and bloody riots
that take place occasionally create a sense of mistrust among the two principal religious communities
involved in clashes. The country pays a heavy price for such disturbances through loss of life and
India is a vast country where people of different religious and communities live side by side. India was
divided into two countries in 1947, but our national leaders were very particular about this and took great
care to establish a secular state.
Unfortunately, this traditionally peace-loving country is sometimes plagued by communal problems. It all
happens as some fanatical zealots indulge in torturing the people of other religion. The alarming rise of
fundamentalism is a great concern to the nation. Almost all the States of our country suffer owing to
religious intolerance. Inter-communal relationship suffers a breach in this vitiated atmosphere. Our unity,
integrity and solidarity is now at stake. It hampers the growth of the nation at every step. If the nation
wishes to make sound progress in the socio-economic, political and scientific spheres, communal
harmony has to be ensured as a permanent feature of life. Evil forces trying to destroy this should be
crushed at any cost. It is also our duty spread the message of importance of communal harmony. We had
to look around very little in order to find beautiful examples of religious harmony in India today. India-
where people from different faiths come together in the spirit of humanity, celebrating India’s diversity
and rich heritage of tolerance. Here in this book I want to present History of friendship, love and
selflessness by people of different allegiances towards those from other backgrounds than theirs. They
are bound to restore your faith in humanity and your country.
From time Immemorial, it has been seen that different races fought battles against each other on Indian
soil and got themselves firmly entrenched, but India has assimilated them all into her blood. The
conflicting cultures were at last modeled by this country to her own genesis and pattern.
India has witnessed a great diversity of faith and religion from the earliest times, but this has not interfered
with the peaceful pursuit of the ways of life and different sections.
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