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Letters From A Sufi Teacher

Letters From A Sufi Teacher
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Item Code: NAH305
Author: Sheikh Sharaf-Ud-Din Yahya Maneri
Publisher: Kitab Bhavan
Language: English
Edition: 2005
Pages: 96
Cover: Paperback
Other Details: 8.5 inch x 5.5 inch
weight of the book: 140 gms

Foreword

 

Shaikh Sharaf-ud-din was the son of Shaikh Yahya. His birth place is Maneri, a village near Patna in Bihar (India). A love of knowledge and the religious life, and signs of spiritual greatness, were found in him from his early childhood. A strange Being was once seen by the cradle of the baby. The mother, frightened, reported the matter to her father, Shahab-ud-din, a great saint. The latter consoled her, saying that the mysterious Presence was no less a Being than the Prophet Khezar’ Himself, and that the baby was expected to be a man of great spiritual advancement. He acquired secular knowledge under Ashraf-ud- in a famous professor of those days. He first refused to marry, but had to yield when, being ill, he was advised by the physician to take to marriage as the remedy for his disease. He left home after the birth of a son, travelled in many places, and was at last initiated (at, or near Delhi) by Najib-ud-din Firdausi. The latter made him his deputy on earth under a deed drawn twelve years earlier under the direction of the Prophet of Islam Himself, asked him to leave the place, and quitted his body shortly after.

 

On his initiation, Sharaf-ud-din lived for many a long year in woods of Bihia and the Rajgiri Hills. In his later days he adopted - (now a subdivisional town) as his residence, at the request of some of his friends and disciples. He died on Thursday, the 6th of shawwa1, 782 Hijra, in the opening years of the 15th Century A.D. His titular name is Makhdum-ul-Mulk, ‘Master of the Kingdom or the world’. He was equally proficient in secular learning and esoteric Knowledge, and possessed superhuman powers. His tomb at Bihar is still resorted to as a place of sanctity by a large number of devout Mahommedans. He wrote many works, of which three only have yet been published. These are:-

 

(1) Maktubat-i-Sadi, a ‘Series of a Hundred Letters’ (or rather essays on definite subjects) addressed to his disciple Qazi Shams-ud-din in 747 Hijra.

 

(2) Maktubiit-i-Bist-o-hasht, a ‘Series of 28 Letters’, being replies to the correspondence of his senior disciple, Mozaffar, the prince of Balkh.

 

(3) Fawaed-i-Rukni, a number of brief Notes prepared for the use of his disciple Rukn-ud-din.

 

The present booklet consists of the translation of copious extracts from Maktubat-i-Sadi, the most elaborate and comprehensive of the three published works, with Notes occasionally added from the other two with a view to elucidate or complete the subject in hand. These extracts, it is hoped, will cover the greater part of, if not all, the principles inculcated in these books, and are expected to give the reader a fair knowledge of the Teaching of the Author in all its phases. Matters relating to mere exoteric rites, legends and traditions have been omitted. The translation does not pretend to be always very literal, but an honest attempt has been made to present a faithful rendering of the original to the English-knowing public, that they may be able to better appreciate the Teachings of Islam, and that the Brotherhood of Creeds may have one more advocate to plead its cause before the tribunal of the human intellect.

 

Contents

 

Foreword

7

On Monotheism

9

Turning to God or Conversion

12

On Seeking the Teacher

14

On the Qualifications of a Teacher

16

On Discipleship

18

Discipleship (continued)

19

The Friend of God

20

The Brotherhood of Friends

21

Polytheism and the Friendship of God

22

Lights

24

The Unveiling of the Supersensuous

25

On the Same

27

Illumination

27

Dreams

29

On Misconceptions

29

The Outer and the Inner Ailments

31

The Origin of Theosophy

32

Seeking the Path

33

Pillars of the Path

34

Religion, the Path and Truth

35

Accessory to Prayers

36

Purification

36

The motive

38

Prayer

38

Invoking the Devine Help

39

The Divine Allegiance

40

The sacred Formula

40

The Naked Faith

41

The Inner polytheism

42

The Divine knowledge

43

Love and Devotion

45

Seeking God

47

The Way to God

49

Speech and Conduct

50

Magnanimity

51

Knowledge

52

The Step of a Disciple

53

Islam

56

The ‘oble Qualities

57

Contemplation

59

Renunciation

60

On the Same

62

The Clearing of the Path

62

Self-Control

63

Truth

64

The Descent from Adam

66

Confidence

69

Pursuit and Renunciation

70

The Company of the Saints

71

Service

73

The Transmutation of Evil Qualities

74

Avarice

76

The Evil of the World

77

Renunciation of the World

78

The Final Doom

79

The Soul

80

The Heart

81

The Desire-Nature (Nafs)

82

Desire

84

The Discipline of the Desire-Nature

85

The same (Continued)

86

Alienation from the Desire-Nature

86

Self-Toleration

87

Hidden Differences of Stages

88

Heedlessness

89

Sorrow

89

Conduct

90

Seclusion

92

Death

93

Hell

94

Heaven

95

 

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