Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Sign In  |  Sign up
Your Cart (0)
Best Deals
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Buddhist > Art > Nagarjunakonda (Memoirs of Archaeological Survey of India)
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Nagarjunakonda (Memoirs of Archaeological Survey of India)
Nagarjunakonda (Memoirs of Archaeological Survey of India)
Description
Introduction

Andhra-desa is a wonderful land of rivers such as the Godavari with its tributaries Manjira, Pranahita, Indravati and the Sabari; the Krishna with its tributaries the Bhimarathi, Tungabhadra, Dinidm Musi as well as Muni, Pinakini, Paleru, Manneru, Gundlakamma, the Sarada, Nagavali, Vamsadhara and the Rishikulya (Map I). Along the Andhra seacoast, which extends for about 400 miles, there existed sea-ports at the mouths of the large rivers. Navigation and commercial enterprises were very much encouraged and seafarers left the Andhra shores for colonization beyond the deep seas. The Godavari and the Krishna were navigable in ancient times.

The earliest mention of th eAndhras is in the Aitareya Brahmana as one of the tribes of South India. Andhra-desa was the original home of the Andhras in the earliest times as it is even today. After the fall of the Mauryan Empire the Satavahanas extended their dominion into the north, west and south until Andhra-desa embraced a great portion of the Indian Peninsula. Its early history is borne out by Buddhist and Brahmanical literature, by copper plates, inscriptions, coins, ancient structures such as stupas, chaityas and viharas, and by manuscripts and the writings of foreign travelers. Magasthenses (300 B.C.) and Pliny (77 A.D.) referred to the Andhras as a powerful tribe, who possessed numerous villages, 30 towns defended by high walls and towers and an immense army of one lakh infantry, 2000 cavalry and 1000 elephants. In the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea of the 1st century A.D., the ports of Barygaza and Vaijayanti are mentioned as places of export of onyx stones, porcelain, muslin, cotton, perfumes, gum and silk. Ptolemy locates Barygaza in Larike, a name evidently derived from a Prakrit form of Skt.Lata. He mentions a port Byzantion in the country of the Pirates. The name has been explained from Vejayanti, but this is more than doubtful. Ptolemy mentions a country under the name Ariake Sadenon, i.e., Ariake of the Sadenoi and we may safely assume that his Sadenoi is a Greek rendering of a Prakrit form of "Satavahana". In he mentions five ports and in eighteen inland towns belonging to that country. Recently at Kondapur, in Hyderabad (Deccan), where coins of the Andhra kings Gautamiputra and his son Pulumavi were discovered, pieces of porcelain were dug out as were also Buddhist figurines made of kaolin (a pure white prcelaneous clay). Ptolemy speaks of the Andhras, the trade on the East Coast, and the ports of Kontakossyla, Koddura and Allosygne. He also mentions Apheterion in Maisolia region (Krishna Delta). Apheterion is not a proper name as some writers have believed but a word meaning "a point of departure". The Puranas refer to the Andhrabhritya dynasty of kings also called Satakarnis and Satavahanas, who ruled from the middle of the 3rd century B.C. to the first quarter of the 3rd century A.D. Their territory extended from the east coast to the west coast; Mysore in the south and Avanti or modern Ujjain in the north were included in their kingdom. The Kondapur excavations by G. Yazdani and the recent excavations in Chittaldrug district, Mysore, have yielded valuable results and thrown further light on this Andhra period.

Ancient market towns were Dhannakataka (250 B.C.), Kevurura, Vijayapura and Narasala. Maritime traffic is attested to by the find of a large number of Roman coins on the Coromandel (Colamandala). Regarding the migration of Hindu colonists to the Far East in the 1st century A.D., the Andhra country in general and the Vengi kingdom in particular had a good share in it. Ptolemy's Apheterion to the north of Allosygne was the starting point of ships for Golden chryse, Farther India and the Archipalago. The coinage of the times reveals that lead and potin predominated over copper and the issues were large and varied such as would be the case with an empire from sea to sea. Sea bound trade was largely responsible for the flourishing state of Buddhism in Andhra desa for nearly six centuries (from 300 B.C. to 300 A.D.). Buddhists were largely recruited from the commercial classes whose wealth was utilized to raise Amaravati, Nagarjunakonda and other stupas. Buddhism spread like wild fire more quickly among non-Aryan tribes in the Andhra country than in Aryan Society.

The Buddhist sites in the Northern Districts of the Madras State, particularly in the Andhra country are vast as against a fraction in the Southern Districts. From Salihundam in the Visakhapatnam district in the North to Chinna Ganjam in the Guntur district in the south, and from Gooty in the Anantapur district in the west to Bhattiprolu in the east, the Andhra country witnessed in the three centuries preceding and following the birth of Christ a phenomenal growth of Buddhistic culture and art. Ramatirtham (Skt. Aramatirtham), Sankaram (Skt. Sandgharama), Salihundam, Kodavalli, Arugolanu, Guntupalle, Jaggayyapeta, Ramireddipalle, as well as Alluru, Bezwada (Vijayawada), Gudivada, Ghantasala (Kantakossyla), Garikapadu, Goli, Nagarjunakonda, Amarvati, Peddamaddur, Chinna Ganjam, Peddaganjam, Kanuparti and Bhattiprolu are a few places among the many that have yielded to the magic touch of the archaeologist, relies of a glorious civilization that flourished in the Andhra country in the early centuries. Stupas or sepulchral monuments, chaityas or chetiyagharas prayer chambers or halls and viharas or monasteries were found in large numbers, particularly in the Guntur and Krishna districts along the banks of the river Krishna which was known to the Greeks as Maisolos.

A study of the various Buddhist sites in South India proves the existence of five early roads which converged at Vengi in the center of the Andhra country. Almost all the Buddhist sites were located on these roads which lead to Kalinga, to Dravida, to Karnata, to Maharashtra, and to Kosala respectively (and Kosala includes Dakshina Kosala).

CONTENTS

Page
Introduction1
Previous History3
Inscriptions4
Chaityas6
Viharas6
Stupas6
Recent Excavations8
Site No. 6
Stupa9
Buddha-Chaitya13
Stupa-Chaitya14
Monastery15
Mandapa17
Other structures19
Site No.521
Site No.226
Samskrit Inscriptions28
Nagarjunakonda28
Jaggayyapeta28
Gammididurru29
Coins30
Appendix I32
A. Mandhatu Jataka32
B. Buddhist Sects34
Index41

Nagarjunakonda (Memoirs of Archaeological Survey of India)

Item Code:
IDJ483
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1999
Size:
10.5" X 8.3"
Pages:
46 ((Illustrated throughout in Black & White)
Price:
$28.50
Discounted:
$21.38   Shipping Free
Usually ships in 15 days
You Save:
$7.12 (25%)
Be the first to rate this product
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Nagarjunakonda (Memoirs of Archaeological Survey of India)
From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 10482 times since 1st Sep, 2009
Introduction

Andhra-desa is a wonderful land of rivers such as the Godavari with its tributaries Manjira, Pranahita, Indravati and the Sabari; the Krishna with its tributaries the Bhimarathi, Tungabhadra, Dinidm Musi as well as Muni, Pinakini, Paleru, Manneru, Gundlakamma, the Sarada, Nagavali, Vamsadhara and the Rishikulya (Map I). Along the Andhra seacoast, which extends for about 400 miles, there existed sea-ports at the mouths of the large rivers. Navigation and commercial enterprises were very much encouraged and seafarers left the Andhra shores for colonization beyond the deep seas. The Godavari and the Krishna were navigable in ancient times.

The earliest mention of th eAndhras is in the Aitareya Brahmana as one of the tribes of South India. Andhra-desa was the original home of the Andhras in the earliest times as it is even today. After the fall of the Mauryan Empire the Satavahanas extended their dominion into the north, west and south until Andhra-desa embraced a great portion of the Indian Peninsula. Its early history is borne out by Buddhist and Brahmanical literature, by copper plates, inscriptions, coins, ancient structures such as stupas, chaityas and viharas, and by manuscripts and the writings of foreign travelers. Magasthenses (300 B.C.) and Pliny (77 A.D.) referred to the Andhras as a powerful tribe, who possessed numerous villages, 30 towns defended by high walls and towers and an immense army of one lakh infantry, 2000 cavalry and 1000 elephants. In the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea of the 1st century A.D., the ports of Barygaza and Vaijayanti are mentioned as places of export of onyx stones, porcelain, muslin, cotton, perfumes, gum and silk. Ptolemy locates Barygaza in Larike, a name evidently derived from a Prakrit form of Skt.Lata. He mentions a port Byzantion in the country of the Pirates. The name has been explained from Vejayanti, but this is more than doubtful. Ptolemy mentions a country under the name Ariake Sadenon, i.e., Ariake of the Sadenoi and we may safely assume that his Sadenoi is a Greek rendering of a Prakrit form of "Satavahana". In he mentions five ports and in eighteen inland towns belonging to that country. Recently at Kondapur, in Hyderabad (Deccan), where coins of the Andhra kings Gautamiputra and his son Pulumavi were discovered, pieces of porcelain were dug out as were also Buddhist figurines made of kaolin (a pure white prcelaneous clay). Ptolemy speaks of the Andhras, the trade on the East Coast, and the ports of Kontakossyla, Koddura and Allosygne. He also mentions Apheterion in Maisolia region (Krishna Delta). Apheterion is not a proper name as some writers have believed but a word meaning "a point of departure". The Puranas refer to the Andhrabhritya dynasty of kings also called Satakarnis and Satavahanas, who ruled from the middle of the 3rd century B.C. to the first quarter of the 3rd century A.D. Their territory extended from the east coast to the west coast; Mysore in the south and Avanti or modern Ujjain in the north were included in their kingdom. The Kondapur excavations by G. Yazdani and the recent excavations in Chittaldrug district, Mysore, have yielded valuable results and thrown further light on this Andhra period.

Ancient market towns were Dhannakataka (250 B.C.), Kevurura, Vijayapura and Narasala. Maritime traffic is attested to by the find of a large number of Roman coins on the Coromandel (Colamandala). Regarding the migration of Hindu colonists to the Far East in the 1st century A.D., the Andhra country in general and the Vengi kingdom in particular had a good share in it. Ptolemy's Apheterion to the north of Allosygne was the starting point of ships for Golden chryse, Farther India and the Archipalago. The coinage of the times reveals that lead and potin predominated over copper and the issues were large and varied such as would be the case with an empire from sea to sea. Sea bound trade was largely responsible for the flourishing state of Buddhism in Andhra desa for nearly six centuries (from 300 B.C. to 300 A.D.). Buddhists were largely recruited from the commercial classes whose wealth was utilized to raise Amaravati, Nagarjunakonda and other stupas. Buddhism spread like wild fire more quickly among non-Aryan tribes in the Andhra country than in Aryan Society.

The Buddhist sites in the Northern Districts of the Madras State, particularly in the Andhra country are vast as against a fraction in the Southern Districts. From Salihundam in the Visakhapatnam district in the North to Chinna Ganjam in the Guntur district in the south, and from Gooty in the Anantapur district in the west to Bhattiprolu in the east, the Andhra country witnessed in the three centuries preceding and following the birth of Christ a phenomenal growth of Buddhistic culture and art. Ramatirtham (Skt. Aramatirtham), Sankaram (Skt. Sandgharama), Salihundam, Kodavalli, Arugolanu, Guntupalle, Jaggayyapeta, Ramireddipalle, as well as Alluru, Bezwada (Vijayawada), Gudivada, Ghantasala (Kantakossyla), Garikapadu, Goli, Nagarjunakonda, Amarvati, Peddamaddur, Chinna Ganjam, Peddaganjam, Kanuparti and Bhattiprolu are a few places among the many that have yielded to the magic touch of the archaeologist, relies of a glorious civilization that flourished in the Andhra country in the early centuries. Stupas or sepulchral monuments, chaityas or chetiyagharas prayer chambers or halls and viharas or monasteries were found in large numbers, particularly in the Guntur and Krishna districts along the banks of the river Krishna which was known to the Greeks as Maisolos.

A study of the various Buddhist sites in South India proves the existence of five early roads which converged at Vengi in the center of the Andhra country. Almost all the Buddhist sites were located on these roads which lead to Kalinga, to Dravida, to Karnata, to Maharashtra, and to Kosala respectively (and Kosala includes Dakshina Kosala).

CONTENTS

Page
Introduction1
Previous History3
Inscriptions4
Chaityas6
Viharas6
Stupas6
Recent Excavations8
Site No. 6
Stupa9
Buddha-Chaitya13
Stupa-Chaitya14
Monastery15
Mandapa17
Other structures19
Site No.521
Site No.226
Samskrit Inscriptions28
Nagarjunakonda28
Jaggayyapeta28
Gammididurru29
Coins30
Appendix I32
A. Mandhatu Jataka32
B. Buddhist Sects34
Index41
Post a Comment
 
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to Nagarjunakonda (Memoirs of Archaeological Survey of India) (Buddhist | Books)

Nagarjunakonda 1938
Item Code: NAL167
$29.00$21.75
You save: $7.25 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Buddhist Antiquities of Nagarjunakonda
by A. H. Longhurst
Hardcover (Edition: 1999)
Archaeological Survey of India
Item Code: IDJ374
$28.50$21.38
You save: $7.12 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Nagarjunakonda 1954-60 (Set of 2 Volumes)
by R. Subrahmanyam
Hardcover (Edition: 2006)
Archaeological Survey of India
Item Code: NAF252
$85.00$63.75
You save: $21.25 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Nagarjunakonda
Item Code: NAE842
$7.00$5.25
You save: $1.75 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Buddhist Antiquities of Nagarjunakonda, Madras Presidency
by A.H. Longhurst
Hardcover (Edition: 1999)
Archaeological Survey of India
Item Code: NAL162
$29.00$21.75
You save: $7.25 (25%)
SOLD
The Idea of Ancient India (Essays on Religion, Politics, and Archaeology)
Item Code: NAM274
$43.00$32.25
You save: $10.75 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Mythical Animals In Indian Art
by K. Krishna Murthy
Hardcover (Edition: 1985)
Abhinav Publication
Item Code: NAD685
$16.00$12.00
You save: $4.00 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
North India Foundations of North Indian Style - Encyclopaedia of Indian Temple Architecture (Set of 2 Books)
Deal 20% Off
Item Code: NAN175
$295.00$177.00
You save: $118.00 (20 + 25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Glimpses of Art, Architecture and Buddhist Literature in Ancient India
by K. Krishna Murthy
Hardcover (Edition: 1987)
Abhinav Publication
Item Code: IDE050
$22.50$16.88
You save: $5.62 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Buddhism in South India
by D.C. Ahir
Hardcover (Edition: 1992)
Sri Satguru Publications
Item Code: NAC072
$21.00$15.75
You save: $5.25 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Buddha in Gandhara Art and Other Buddhist Sites
Deal 30% Off
by Shantilal Nagar
Hardcover (Edition: 2010)
Buddhist World Press
Item Code: NAL253
$125.00$65.62
You save: $59.38 (30 + 25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Study in Early BUDDHIST ARCHITECTURE of India
Item Code: IAC47
$23.50$17.62
You save: $5.88 (25%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Testimonials
I very much appreciate your web site and the products you have available. I especially like the ancient cookbooks you have and am always looking for others here to share with my friends.
Sam, USA
Very good service thank you. Keep up the good work !
Charles, Switzerland
Namaste! Thank you for your kind assistance! I would like to inform that your package arrived today and all is very well. I appreciate all your support and definitively will continue ordering form your company again in the near future!
Lizette, Puerto Rico
I just wanted to thank you again, mere dost, for shipping the Nataraj. We now have it in our home, thanks to you and Exotic India. We are most grateful. Bahut dhanyavad!
Drea and Kalinidi, Ireland
I am extremely very happy to see an Indian website providing arts, crafts and books from all over India and dispatching to all over the world ! Great work, keep it going. Looking forward to more and more purchase from you. Thank you for your service.
Vrunda
We have always enjoyed your products.
Elizabeth, USA
Thank you for the prompt delivery of the bowl, which I am very satisfied with.
Frans, the Netherlands
I have received my books and they are in perfect condition. You provide excellent service to your customers, DHL too, and I thank you for that. I recommended you to my friend who is the director of the Aurobindo bookstore.
Mr. Forget from Montreal
Thank you so much. Your service is amazing. 
Kiran, USA
I received the two books today from my order. The package was intact, and the books arrived in excellent condition. Thank you very much and hope you have a great day. Stay safe, stay healthy,
Smitha, USA
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2020 © Exotic India