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Nuclear Deterrence In Southern Asia: China, India And Pakistan

Nuclear Deterrence In Southern Asia: China, India And Pakistan
Item Code: IDE645
Author: Arpit Rajain
Publisher: Sage Publications India Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 2005
ISBN: 0761932844
Pages: 496 (Figures: 7, Maps: 5)
Cover: Paperback
Other Details: 8.8" X 5.8"
weight of the book: 535 gms
From the Jacket:

Since the time both India and Pakistan conducted their nuclear tests in 1998, anew strategic scenario has emerged in Southern Asia involving not just these two countries but also China. This has altered the security architecture of Asia as a whole, and has given rise to a unique triangular relationship. This 'triangularisation' of nuclear power calls for new understanding which go beyond the bilateral dialogues of the erstwhile Cold War era.

In this important and topical book, Arpit Rajain examines the triangular relationship of China, India and Pakistan through the prism of nuclear deterrence. He highlights the interplay and role of strategic culture, nuclear weaponisation and deployment, command and control, arms control, non-state actors and foreign policy issues which affect relations between the three countries.

With two main purposes - a conceptual investigation into the notion of deterrence, and a study of the theory and practice of limited war - this book
o addresses the strategic, political and military dimensions of the role of nuclear weapons through examples of the only cases of nuclear weapon states having gone into armed conflict - the Cuban missile crisis, the Ussuri river clashes and the Kargil conflict;
o discusses the various pressures exerted on decision makers in the context of the notions of deterrence, the rational deterrence model, and a limited war under a nuclear umbrella;
o evaluates all three countries with regard to their strategic culture, the role of nuclear weapons in their military strategy, the nature of public opinion and political rhetoric, responses to the various arms control treaties, and foreign policy choices.

Based on a variety of sources, including interviews with key individuals in various sectors, this is the first book-length study of the triangular relationship between China, India and Pakistan. It will attract the attention of all those interested in security issues, arms control and disarmament, foreign policy and international relations.

About the Author:

Arpit Rajain is Senior Policy Analyst at the New Delhi office of the Centre for Global Studies, Mumbai.


List of Maps9
List of Figures10
List of Abbreviations11

Chapter 1:Introduction23
Searching for Explanations: Purpose and Propositions24
Rationale/Structure of the Study

Chapter 2:Nuclear Weapons and International System34
Cuban Missile Crisis37
Ussuri River Clashes42
Kargil Crisis48

Chapter 3:Revisiting Deterrence60
Decision Making in Crisis: Biopolitics66
Irrationality and Misperception70
Triangular Deterrent Relationship75
Limited War and Nuclear Risks82
The Non-State Threat

Chapter 4:China99
China's Strategic Culture100
The Road to Lop Nur and After117
Doctrine, Strategy and Force Modernisation134
Foreign, Policy Issues147

Chapter 5:India197
Strategic Thought and Practice199
Doctrinal Issues224
Military Issues238
Foreign Policy Issues245

Chapter 6:Pakistan276
Strategic Culture: National Security Discourse278
Pakistan's Missile Development295
Tacit Nuclear Doctrine306
Foreign Policy Issues321

Chapter 7:Conclusion353
The Triangle: China, India and Pakistan361
Limited War under Nuclear Umbrella367
Likely Scenarios of Breakdown of Deterrence389
Reducing Risks: Towards an Overall Strategy of Preventing Conflict393
Key Variables in Future Interactions in the Triangle

References and Select Bibliography419
About the Author496

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