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Our National Flag

Our National Flag
Item Code: IHL622
Author: Lt. Cdr. K.V. Singh and Commodore S.K. Chatterjee
Publisher: Publications Division, Government of India
Edition: 2007
ISBN: 8123014333
Pages: 198 (Illustrated Throughout In Color and B/W)
Cover: Paperback
Other Details: 8.7 inch X 5.4 inch

This is the 2nd edition of the book which was first published in May, 1991. In this edition, the errors that had crept in the 1st edition have been corrected, and some additional information on the evolution of our national flag has been added. It is hoped that this book which depicts to an extent our struggle for freedom culminating in the winning of independence as well as in evolving a national flag will be of general interest. Further, from 26th January 2002, Indian citizens were permitted to fly their national flag throughout the year. This statutory change in the rules of flying our national flag has been incorporated in this revised edition.

Back of the Book

“A Flag is a necessity for all nations. Millions have died for it. It is no doubt a kind of idolatry which it would be a sin to destroy. For, a flag represents an ideal. The unfurling of the Union Jack in the English breast evokes sentiments whose strength is difficult to measure. The Stripes mean a world to the Americans. The Star and the Crescent will call forth the best bravery in Islam.

It will be necessary for us Indians-Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Jews, Parsis and all others to whom India is their home to recognize a common flag to live and to die for.”

M.K. Gandhi

“I remember, and many in this House will remember, how we looked up to this Flag not only with pride and enthusiasm but with tingling in our veins and also how when we were sometimes down and out, the sight of this flag gave us courage to go on. Then, many whose are not present here today, many of our comrades who have passed, held on to this flag, some amongst them even unto death, and handed it over as they sank, to others to hold it aloft.”

Jawaharlal Nehru


1 Origin of the Flag 1
2Ancient Indian Dhvaja 8
3The Epic Flags 11
4Flags of Ancient, Medieval and British India 17
5Beginning of evolution of Our National Flag 24
6Madam Cama’s Flag 38
7Flag of the Home Rule Movement 47
8First Flag of Indian National Congress 51
9Jhanda Andolan, 1923 59
10Between the years 1924 and 1930 70
11Flag Committee, 1931 74
12Flag of Indian National Congress 80
13Birth of Indian National Flag 89
14National Anthem, National Song and National Emblem 111
15Flying of Flags by the Armed forces: Indian Blue and Red ensigns 121
16National Flag and Common Citizens 127
17Some interesting facts about our National Flag 133
18Specifications for the National Flag of India 140
19Amended Flag Code — India 144
20Thoughts on our National Tricolour Flag 166
APPENDIX 1 - Copy of the President Dr. Zakir Husain's letter on bringing out a book by Publications Division on 25th anniversary of the formation of a provisional Azad Hind Govt. by Netaji Subhash Bose 169
APPENDIX 2 - Intelligence Report on the activities of Madam Bhikhaiji Cama 170
APPENDIX 3 - Mahatma Gandl1i's article on National Flag in 'Young India' 176
APPENDIX 4 — Jhansi Ki Rani Laxmibai's flag 179
APPENDIX 5 - Jawaharlal Nehru's statement to satyagrahis at Nagpur 180
APPENDIX 6 - Procedure for Dhvaja Vandana 181
APPENDIX 7 — Dhvaja Vandana poem in Hindi 182
APPENDIX 8 - Dr. Suniti Kumar Chatte1jee's article in 'Modem Review' on the question of selecting a flag for Indian National Congress deemed as National Flag of India 183
APPENDIX 9 — Flag terms defined 193
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