This book comprising of about three hundred pages contains the resolutions passed by Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. These resolutions have been passed either by Akhil Bharatiya Karyakari Mandal or Akhil Bharatiya Pratinidhi Sabha. Generally, the meeting of Karyakari Mandal is held twice in a year whereas the Pratinidhi Sabha meets once a year. However, resolutions are passed only in one of the meetings of Karyakari Mandal whereas the second meeting is held along with the meeting of Pratinidhi Sabha, therefore the resolutions passed by Karyakari Mandal are placed before the Pratinidhi Sabha for it's final approval. It will not be a mistake if it is stated that both Karyakari Mandal and Pratinidhi Sabha meet only once in a year to pass resolutions. If necessary, statements of Chief [Sarsanghachalak] and General Secretary [Sarkaryavah] are also issued from time to time.
The resolutions passed during 1950 to 2007 are contained here. Anybody who knows that RSS was founded in 1925 may naturally question the absence of resolutions before 1950. The simple reason is that resolutions were never passed before 1950. During that period, to achieve freedom was the only aim. And the functioning of Sangh was developed keeping in mind that aim. The pledge, which the Swayamsevaks used to take at that time, is somewhat different from the pledge taken by swayamsevaks today. In the past, it was " To achieve freedom for Hindu Rashtra, I have become a constituent of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh". Now the words are " To achieve all round development of Hindu Rashtra, I have become a constituent of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh". These words clearly indicate the aim of Sangh that time. It is well known to all that since his childhood, the founder of RSS, Dr. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar was a revolutionary to the core of his heart. He came in close contact with revolutionaries when he went to Calcutta for his medical studies. He was a hard-core member of Anushilan Samiti. He learned the techniques and means of revolutionary activities before returning to Nagpur. However, he came to the conclusion that the sacrifice and dedication of revolutionaries will not be successful unless and until common people are enthused with the strong desire for freedom. Then he dedicated all his energy in the Indian National Congress movement. While working at the forefront of Congress, he realised that creation of desire for freedom among people is not sufficient in itself. There was a need of an organised group of dedicated volunteers working towards the aim. This group will work like an engine of a train. To achieve this, he set the aim of 3% Swayamsevaks from cities and 1 % from villages, Swayamsevaks in uniform and always ready for action. That is why he never wanted pomp and show of this organisation. The entire focus was to spread the organisation and to create more and more people who knew the organisation and were sympathetic towards its cause. He introduced the practice among the Swayamsevaks to assemble at one hour's notice, which remained an integral part before 1947. That is why the opponents of RSS could make a misleading propaganda that RSS is a secret organization. The people of Nagpur were surprised to see the large gathering of Swayamsevaks of Nagpur on January 31 1948, to pay their tributes to Gandhiji who was murdered just a day before, i.e., on January 30. Some people with hatred in their mind for RSS, propagated that Sangh had conspired to kill Gandhiji, that is why, having prior knowledge, they could gather in thousands at such an early hour. The fact is that for those who were habitual of assembling at a notice of one or two hours, it was an easy task when they had the message many hours before. Only people ignorant with the functioning of RSS were influenced by such misleading propaganda. In 1949, when the written constitution of RSS was handed over to the Government of India, on reading the provision of Pledge throughout the life, the secretary to the Government in his letter wrote to Param Poojaniya Shri Guruji that pledge throughout the life is an indication of secret organization. In his reply, Shri Guruji denied this allegation in very strong words. However, it is a fact that quite a few people had this misconception in their mind about RSS.
Overall, during that time it was not possible to pass resolutions on various subjects of social life.
After August 1947, there was a change in the prevailing circumstances. In the changed scenario, the role of RSS was presented as an 'organization of the society' and not as an 'organization in the society'. As such, slowly and steadily, the Sangh Swayamsevaks entered in the different walks of life. Also, it became essential to express views of Sangh on the various social issues.
Here, I have said that Sangh is an organization of the entire society. It needs reiteration for the sake of emphasis. 'Organization of the society'. People are the nation. In English, many times the word people is used as synonymous with nation. Sangh, since it's inception had this fundamental belief that the Hindu society is the nation. Sangh has never used the word Hindu to relate to any specific sect, religion or way of worship. That could very from person to person, and Sangh believes in all and respects them all as one. There is respectful place for all such distinguished faiths and sects in Hindu nation. Because Hindu always honors diversity. Sangh always considers the word Hindu in the national perspective. It is an organization of Hindus but its name is Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. For Sangh, the words Hindu and national are synonymous.
Main and Ancillary
There are various fields in social life; various aspects. Politics, religion, economics, education, farmers, labour, students, teachers, women, Vanvasis, and many more could be enumerated. Organization of entire society means organization of all such fields, and 'organization' means to revitalize all fields with common national thought and workers of upright character. The word 'Sam' in the prefix of 'Sanghathan' itself indicates that that "Sanghatan' is not just an assembly of people but assembly of people with common mindset and thought. It is an assembly to learn and practice upright character. Assembly not for the sake of getting together only, but for setting up ideals. To achieve this, it is essential to assemble people with qualitative character. It's meaning is that nation is supreme, rest all, however important are Ancillary. As such, the resolutions passed by both Karyakari Mandai and Pratinidhi Sabha pertain to all issues of different fields, which affect national life. Some people opine that Sangh considers and presents itself as a cultural organization, then how does it pass resolutions on political issues? The ignorance of such people with regard to the concept of nation and state is the root cause of such question. On political issues Sangh has passed resolutions only on those subjects, which affect the mainstream of national life.
Dangers to nation
The Sangh's basic belief is that this is one nation, its culture is one and people are one. 'One country, one people, one culture, one nation' - has been the basic foundation since its inception. As such, Sangh has passed resolutions to warn whenever there arose danger to the integrity of the country. On August 15 1947, when our nation was partitioned, the then Sarsanghachalak Shri. Guruji vehemently opposed it in his many speeches. After the partition, Sangh wholeheartedly devoted itself in the service and rehabilitation of Hindu refugees. The creation of Pakistan did not in any way reduce the threats of disintegration. In North- East, conspiracies to disintegrate Bharat were conceived. The Christian Missionaries played a prominent role in it. The Nagaland was saved at the very last moment. Mizoram, a small district of Assam, where population is today 7 lacs, had barely 3 lacs of population when the violent agitation was launched for independent Mizoram. Mizo National Front was established. The authorities took strong steps to curb the violent agitation but at the same time created a separate state of Mizoram. Encouraged by this, agitations were started in other states also. Today such agitations are continuing in Tripura and Manipur. Targeted groups from tribal communities are converted to Christianity and then are encouraged to revolt against the state. Sangh has passed many resolutions to attract the attention of Government and the people towards this danger.
Despite having independent Pakistan, Muslims were not satisfied. Brutal atrocities were executed on Hindus of West Pakistan to throw them out of Pakistan. Hindus contributed 18% of population in Pakistan. Today, Hindu population of Pakistan is only 1 %. The Hindus were driven away from East Pakistan also, which is no more part of Pakistan, but has become Bangia Desh. This freedom, they have achieved with the help of Bharat. But the Government of Bangla Desh has no feeling of gratitude. Hindus continue to be driven out from there. Apart from this, a big chunk of population from Bangla Desh has been infiltrating in India for last 50 years. And all this is at the instance and instigation of that Government. Many districts of Assam and west Bengal have become Muslim majority districts and some are at the verge of being so. Whenever and wherever Hindus become minority, there arises a danger of disintegration of that part from Bharat. There are resolutions to draw attention of the nation towards such dangerous possibilities.
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