The idea to bring out an Ephemeris covering not only our time but also the last decade of the last century, had persisted for a long time. However, it began o take concrete shape a decade ago largely due to the pressure brought to bear upon me by the innumerable readers of The Astrological Magazine and my other publications.
Ephemerides published in foreign countries were available till about 10 years ago though at exhorbitant prices. Hence the need for a publication of this type became all the more necessary.
It seemed highly desirable that an ephemeris capable of meeting the demands of astrological students and savants and those interested in the study of astrology all over the world irrespective of their preference — Sayana (tropical,) or Nirayana (Sidereal) — and reasonably accurate and easy to consult should be made available.
Raman’s Ninety-Year Ephemeris covers a period of 90 years 1891 to 1980) so that the birth dates of most of the persons alive today are covered. The ephemeris covering the coming few years will be of much use to astrological practitioners for timing events on the basis of transits.
In compiling this Ephemeris, no originality can be claimed. Full
use has been made of astronomical facts, tables and mathematical
results already computed by others. Acknowledgement courtesies are due to:
astriologische Ephemeriden, American Astrology Tables of Houses,Baumgariner’a Ephemeriden (1850—2000), Positions Planetaires (1840 to 2000), the Deutsche Ephemeides and Stallman ‘8 Solar and Planetary Longitudes for Years —2000 to + 2000.
This Ephemeris can be used universally, as planetary positions given are Sayana (tropical). Students of Hindu astrology will be able to use it not only for casting horoscopes according to the Nirayana sidereal) system but also for finding the thithi (lunar day), the nakshatra (constellation) and the yoga which are necessary elements Hindu astrology.
The use of this ephemeris with an Example has been discussed in the Introduction.
While a copy each of the (a) Ninety—Year Ephemeris, (b) A Manual of Hindu A8trology and (c) Nirayana Table. of Houses will place in the hands of a student of astrology all the information needed to correctly compute the horoscope for any date between the years 1891 to 1980 A. D. one can also cast a horoscope fairly correctly even without (b) and (c) as Condensed Tables of Houses given in Table U cover ascendant and tenth house longitudes for ten degree intervals of latitude and 16m intervals of Sidereal Time.
Appreciation is extended to Sri T. S. Kalyanaraman and to my children Gayatri Dev Raman, B. Niranjan Babu and B.Satchidananda Babu for their assistance in making the calculations.
Finally I wish to thank Mr. P.N. Kamat and Mr. O.K. Anantharam of IBH Prakashana for having readily come forward to publish the book in an attractive form.
The tenth edition appearing so soon after the tenth edition is testing money of the popularity of the ephemeris with its users. This combination edition of the Ninety Year Ephemeris and the Twenty Year Ephemeris contains information for 110 years in one volume from 1891 to 2000 A.D.
The demand for this Ephemeris has been exceedingly high.
UBS Publishers’ Distributors Ltd., New Delhi, deserves to be thankful for their promptness in bringing out quickly this combined enlarghed edition.
The computation of this Ephemeris has been done for 5.30 p.m. Indian Standard Time (I.S.T.) or Greenwich Mean Noon.
As already indicated, all planetary positions are Sayana or tropical; and to get the Hindu or Nirayana positions, the Ayanamsa for the year in question is to be deducted.
The positions of the Sun, Mats, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn and Rahu are given at ten-day intervals. The Moon’s position is given for every alternate day. The position of Mercury is given at five-day intervals. The positions of Uranus, Neptune and Pluto are given for the first of every month.
The ayanamsa for the beginning of each year adopted by The Astrological Magazine is given at the foot of each year’s ephemeris and also in Table IX.
For astrological purposes, it is enough if the Ayanamsa tgiven in the Ephemeris is deducted from the Sayana positions. If greater accuracy is desired, the processional value for the number of months passed from the beginning of the year can be ascertained by dividing the difference between the two values of the two years by 12 .
The Table of longitudes and latitudes covers important places all the world over.
In India, standard time, now observed, was introduced on 1-1-196. before this date, local mean time was in vogue. Or the births used to be recorded in terms of ghatis ( or pals or naligais) and vighatis ( or vipals or vinadis), each ghati being equal to 24 minutes and each vighati being equal to 24 seconds. By converting the ghatisand vighatis into hourse and minutes and adding the same to the time of sunrise. We can get the birth time in hours and minutes.
Subsequently the old railway time was in vogue. This was local time of Madras. Therefore the old railway time can be converted into I.S.T. By merely adding 9 minutes to it.
Advanced Standard Time was observed from 1-9-1942 to 15-10-1945
For war purposes. Therefore times of birth recorded during this period should be reduced by one hour.
In recent years in some countries in Europe and America, Day light saving or summer time is used during certain periods of the year. This Summer Time is generally one hour ahead of the standard time. Countries in which Summer Time is used can be ascertained from other authoritative sources.
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