Residential Architecture in Bhoja's Samaranganasutradhara

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Item Code: IHG021
Author: Felix Otter
Publisher: MOTILAL BANARSIDASS PUBLISHERS PVT. LTD.
Language: English
Edition: 2010
ISBN: 9788120834477
Pages: 298
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 9.0 inch X 5.7 inch
Weight 800 gm
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Book Description

From the Jacket

The Samaranganasutradhara, composed in the 11th century and commonly attributed to king Bhoja of Dhara, is one of the most remarkable silpasastras of northern India. Consisting of more than seven thousand slokas, it contains not only detailed descriptions of temples, but also a comprehensive exposition of residential architecture. This book is an annotated translation of the central passages on residential architecture accompanied by a study of the Samaranganasutradhara's sources, the problem of authorship, and related matters. It is rounded off by a comprehensive glossary of technical terms and illustrations.

Felix Otter did his M.A. studies in Indology, Political science, and Tibetan studies at Marburg University (Germany) and is currently employed at the Department of Modern South Asian Language and Literatures of the South Asia Institute at Heidelberg.

 

Preface

This book is revised version of my M.A. thesis submitted to the department of Foreign Language of Philipps- Universitat, Marburg (Germany) on 8 February 2005. To the best of my knowledge, it was at that time the first translation of any part of the Samaranganasutradhara into the English language. I trust that it remains a useful study of the sections devoted to residential architecture in the vastusastra commonly ascribed to the renowned Paramara king Bhija of Dhara.

Public interest in the traditional science of Vastuvidya has been increasing over the past two decades or so- primarily in India, but to a somewhat lesser degree in Europe and the US as well. On the whole, the indological community has slow to react to this trend: Few vastusastras have been translated into Western languages, and many important tests remain unedited. Consequently, there is to date no reliable comprehensive history of the origin and development of Vastuvidya. It is hoped that this book will be received as a small contribution to this daunting task.

Throughout the process of writing and revising this book, I have received help and support from a number of individuals and institutions that must not go unacknowledged: I would like to thank my colleagues at the Universities of Marburg and Halle an der Saale for their support and encouragement- in particular, Prof. Rahul Peter Das, Prof. Michael Hahn, Dr. Ulrike Roesler, Dr. Jayandra Soni, Dr. Luitgard Soni, Dr. Roland Steiner, and Martin Straube, M.A.; Dr. Dragomir Dimitrov for desperately needed technical (as well as moral) support; the graduate school Asia and Africa in World Reference systems (Halle); and, of course, my family- especially my wife Mandy and my son Paul, for their love, support, and patience. There is one more person to whom I owe a great debt of gratitude: My late grandfather Heinz-Peter Hahn (1920-1997), to whose cherished memory I dedicate this book.

 

Contents

 

Preface vii
Abbreviations ix
A note on the text xi
1. Introduction 1
1.1 General Introduction 2
1.2 The text of SAS 5
1.2.1 Structure of adhyayas 5
1.3 Authorship and related problems 6
1.3.1 The language of SAS 8
1.3.1.1 Variations of gender 10
1.3.1.1.1 Alindah/-a 10
1.3.1.1.2 Kanthah/-a 10
1.3.1.1.3 Grhah/-am 11
1.3.2 Internal arrangement 12
1.3.2.1 Sequence of adhyayas 12
1.3.2.2 The colophons 14
1.3.3 Repetitions 15
1.3.4 Inconsistencies and contradictions 25
1.3.5 Conclusion 28
1.4 The title samaranganasutradhara 32
1.4.1 Samara 33
1.4.2 Angana 34
1.4.3 Sutradhara 35
1.4.4 Samarangana-sutradhara 35
1.5 The vocabulary of SAS 38
1.5.1 Angana 39
1.5.2 Alinda 41
1.5.3 Utsanga, purnabahu, hinabahu, pratyaksaya 43
1.5.4 Upasthana, apavaraka, kosthaka 44
1.5.5 Grha, bhavana, vastu, vesman, sala 45
1.5.6 Catuhsala, hinavastu 47
1.5.7 Prastara 48
1.5.8 Musa 49
1.6 The dwelling according to SAS 50
1.7 SAS and other sources 57
1.7.1 Aparajitaprccha (AP) 57
1.7.2 Brhatsamhita (BrS), Matsyapurana (MP), and Visvakarmaprakasa (VP) 58
1.8 The text passages selected for translation 61
1.8.1 Adhyaya 18 63
1.8.2 Adhyaya 19.15-29 64
1.8.3 Adhyaya 20 65
1.8.4 Adhyaya 24 66
1.8.5 Adhyaya 39.01-34 67
Notes 68
2. Text, Translation and notes 93
2.1 Adhyaya 18 94
2.2 Adhyaya 19.15-28 134
2.3 Adhyaya 20 148
2.4 Adhyaya 24 178
2.5 Adhyaya 39.01-34 204
3. Glossary of technical terms 223
Appendix 249
Concordance of BrS 52.02-41, 68-73 with MP, VP, AND SAS 250
Bibliography 253
Illustrations 267

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