Ritual Objects & Deities (An Iconography on Buddhism & Hinduism)
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Ritual Objects & Deities (An Iconography on Buddhism & Hinduism)

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Item Code: NAP414
Author: Mukhiya N. Lama and Mingyur T. Lama
Publisher: Vajra Books, Nepal
Language: English
Edition: 2014
ISBN: 9789937623223
Pages: 130
Cover: Paperback
Other Details: 8.0 inch X 5.0 inch
Weight 160 gm
Back of the Book

Around two thousand six hundred years ago in Kapilvastu, Limbini, now the southern part of Nepal, a genius prince named Siddhartha was born as a child of king Suddhodana and queen Mayadevi.

He was predicted that he would either become an emperor or renounce the world for a great spiritual destiny.The king had no interest in seeing his son wander off into the forest in the pursuit of spiritual perfection. He ordered his ministers not to expose the prince to any form of tragedy or allow him to lack anything he desired. Siddhartha remained away from any glimpse of misery and suffering, growing up unaware of the reality of the outside world.

Prince Siddhartha was a gifted child. He received the best education, he excelled in sports and physical exploits, and he was the best archer. He had a quick, clear intellect combined with tenderness.Though he was young he used to think a lot about spirituality and humanity. Siddhartha married to Yashodhara at the age of nineteen and the couple had a son, Rahula.

Siddhartha was now twenty-nine but the questions of his youth were still in his head. Does life have a purpose? Is there nothing more to hope for than a few friends, a loving family and some memories to savor before one goes? Siddhartha managed to convince his father to agree to a day outside the walls of his states. The king made sure the city was ready: not a single poor, no one sick, no one unhappy was to be present along the prince's route. Despite these efforts,the young prince caught sight of a decrepit old man, diseased man, a dead man, and a monk.

He saw perilous situation in the human society where there was poverty, suffering, and illness. Siddhartha deliberately consider finding out the path to liberate the downtrodden people with the weapon of the wisdom. He resolved to attain such wisdom though the supreme meditation, which he underwent for six years. He revealed that the cause of suffering is the ignorance. He was now the Buddha"he who is awake"and he now understood the way to that realm of being which decay and death can never touch: nirvana.

He did not pretend to be a god or that the gods were speaking through him. He walked from town to town, accompanied by his disciples. His teachings are purely ethical; he only cared about human conduct, nothing about ritual, worship, metaphysics or theology. He denounced the notion of sacrificing to the gods, and looked with horror upon the slaughter of animals for these rites. His message is to be kind to all creatures.

After teaching for forty-five years, he went to nirvana at the age of eighty. Today Buddha's doctrine is profound, practical and useful for all the sentient beings.


Om (Aum) 1
The Wheel and Deer Emblem 2
The Precious Wheel 2
Mriga(Antelope) 2
Agni (Fire) 3
Ankush (Hook) 3
Akshamala (Rosery) 3
Bana (Arrow) 4
Beena (Lute) 4
Bell (Ghanta) 4
Kangling (Thighbone) 5
Chamaru (Fly Whisk) 5
Chamcha (Spoon) 5
Dipa (Lamp) 6
Damaru (Drum) 6
Dhanusa (Bow) 6
Khadga (Sword) 7
Kartika 7
Khetaka 7
Naga (Snakes) 8
Kalasha (Vase) 8
Mandala 8
Phurba (Kila) 9
Khartwanga 9
Parashu (Axe) 9
Bhikshapatra (Begging Bowl) 10
Mani (Prayer Wheel) 10
Prasad (Manna) 10
Vajra (Thunderbolt) 11
Vishwavajra (Crossthunderbolt) 11
Furpa (Skeleten-Clubs) 11
Dadar (Divination Arrow) 12
Monk's Robes 12
Dhowja (Prayer Flag) 12
Thangka 13
Khada (Scarf) 13
Adarsha (Mirror) 13
Pustak (Book) 14
Makuta (Crown) 14
Kapalpatra 14
Vanaspati 15
Triratna (Three Jewels) 15
Khakkara 15
Nga 16
Dandi 16
Lasso (Pasha) 16
Sukunda 17
Gau 17
Astamangala 17
Khatkon (Hexagon) 18
Swastika 18
Ra-Dung Or Dung Chhen 18
Kangdoong 19
Nga Chhen 19
Gyaling 19
Rolmo 20
Sil-Nyan 20
Lingam (Shiva Linga) 20
Gada(Mace) 21
Nakula (Mongoose) 21
Ghanta 21
Dharmachakra 22
Gada (Yugto) 22
Trishul 23
Dhoop 23
Veena 23
Murali 24
Nilotpala 24
Utpala 24
Pink Lotus 25
Pushpa 25
Mayurpiccha (Feather of Peacock) 25
Tulashi 26
Naibedha (Prasad) 26
Thali 26
Rudraksha 27
Gzi Stones 27
Rakhi 28
Kamandalu 28
Kusha 28
Shikha (Tupi) 29
Peepal Tree (Ashvattha in Sanskrit) 29
Gaumata (Cow) 30
Janai (Janahav) 30
Chandana (Sandalwood) 31
Seven Offerings Bowls 32
Lungta 33
The Chakravarti and His Seven Precious Posessions 34
The Precious Jewel (Manitara) 35
The Precious Queen (Striratna) 36
The Precious Minister (Mantriratna) 37
The Precious Horse (Asvaratna 38
The Precious Elephant (Hastiratna) 39
The Precious General (Senapatiratna 40
Stupa of the Conquest of Mara 41
Stupa of Heaped Lotuses 42
Stupa of Many Doors or Gates 43
Stupa of Great Miracles 44
Stupa of Descend from the God Realm 45
Stupa of Reconciliation 46
Stupa of Complete Victory 47
Stpa of Nirvana 48
Design of Stup 49
Naropa 50
Tantrik Master 51
Marpa Lotsawa 52
Mahayogi Milarepa 53
Gompo 54
Karmapa 55
The Dharma king sronstsen Gompo 56
Atisa 57
H.H. The 14th Dalai Lama 58
Dujyom Rinpoche 59
H.H. The 17th Gyalwang Karmapa 60
Samantabhadra 61
Sakyamuni Buddha 62
Medicine Buddha 63
White Tara 64
Green Tara 65
Chakrasambhara 66
Kalachakra 67
Amitya Aayush 68
Vajra Sattwa 69
Saraswati 70
Padmasambhava 71
Vaishrawan 72
Vajra Kila 73
Tantrik Yogi 74
Mahakala 75
Singhamukha 76
Kurukula 77
Goddess of Himalayan 78
Karma Rani 79
Samaya Vajra 80
Samaya Gyan 81
Kukura Raja 82
Bajrapani 83
Avalokiteswora 84
Manjushri 85
Je Tsonkhapa (Sumatikriti) 86
Brahma 87
Vishnu (Khyabjyuk) 88
Shiva 89
Ganesh 90
Lakshmi 91
Parvati (Shakti) 92
Saraswati 93
Durga 94
Rama (Rama, Sita and Laxman) 95
Hanuman 96
Krishna 97
Kumar Kartikeya 98
Indra 99
Viswokarma 100
Agni 101
Vayu-Deva 102
Varun 103
Surya-Deva 104
Chandra Deva 105
Yama 106
Kubera 107
Jnana Mudra 108
Damaru 108
Tarjani Mudra 109
Abhaya 109
Gaja 109
Bhumisparsa 110
Vismaya 110
Kataka 110
Vitarka Mudra 111
Varada Mudra 111
Kartari 111
Dhyana Mudra 112
Dharmachakra 112
Vajrahunkara Mudra 112
Namaskar Mudra 113
Hand Gestures Holding Bajra 114
Hand Gestures Holding Bajra and Bajra Kila 115
Hand Gestures with Finger Position 116
Hand Gestures with Finger Position 117
Hand Gestures Holding Tantrik Objects and Texts 118
Hastavastika 119
Posture or Gesture 119
Nrityamurtiasana 119
Asana 120
Pedestal 120
Leg Gestures with Different Position 121
Chhatra (Parasol) 122
Padma (Lotus) 122
Shankha (Conch Shell) 123
Purnakalasha 123
Shrivatsa 124
Dhwaja (Banner) 124
Chakra (Wheel) 124
A Mirror 125
A Right Whorled Conch-Shell 125
Fine Green Grass 125
Wood Apple 126
Curd 126
Vermilion 126
White Mustard Seed 126
Medicinal Concretion from the Brain of Elephant 126


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