The Satyam, The Universal Truth, comprising of five hundred and three (503) elegant Sanskrit
verses alongwith Hindi and
English translation, is a commendable contribution to Sanskrit literature. This didactic
Kavya represents the poet's
experience and observations of human life. Its contents deal with general rules for the
conduct of life. It is treasure trove
of apophthegms in which wise and noble, striking and original thoughts are often appeared in
a highly finished and poetical
garb. It is full of the ends like to attain a mind tranquil, to discriminate virtue and
vice, to discover the Truth and the
Divine and to imbibe the love of tolerance and brotherhood. The lucidity of language,
captivating malody, loftiness of new
ideas and musical resonance of classical meters such as Sardulavikridita, Sragdhara,
Bhujangaprayata, Sikharini, Malini and totaka etc. leave an indeliable impression on the
reader. The Satyam ranks as the
best didactic poetry in Sanskrit literature.
R. V Joshi is the distinguished Sanskrit scholar of international recognition in the
field of Sanskrit and Indological
studies. He was Professor of Sanskrit at the university of Jodhpur and Delhi. He has been
visiting Professor of Sanskrit and
Indology in many countries abroad such as U.S.A. Mexico, Czechoslovakia, Poland Hungary,
Costa Rica, Gauatemala and Combodia.
He has been Head of the department of Sanskrit at the universities of Jodhpur and Delhi for
a period of fifteen years. He has
several works to his credit written in Sanskrit, in English, in French, in Spanish and in
Hindi. He is a recipient of several
awards and Gold Medals including 'Certificate of Honour' from the President of India and
Sahitya Academy Award'. Creative and
critical writings are his forte. Above all, he is a humble devotee and yogi. At present he
is Professor of Sanskrit in
I am now presenting to the public my new Sanskrit Kavya entitled 'Satyam' (Universal Truth).
This Kavya represents my
experience and observations of human life in India and abroad.
We all suffer in this world. We are never satisfied. The main cause of our
dissatisfaction is desire: desire of
power, desire of money, desire of fame and desire of sex. A millionaire wants to be
multi-millionaire. Even the President or
the Prime Minister of a country remains unsatisfied. The reason is that we all perceive only
through our six senses. Hence
our desire, anger, greed, infatuation, pride, envy, jealousy, enmity and arrogance never
come to an end, and we all suffer in
We are never conscious of our own essence and reality. Real happiness does not
depend on wealth, prestige, or
opportunist friends. It depends on pure affection and real friendly attitude towards every
human being. I may point out that
there are two paths:
The path of truthfulness, and The path of falsehood
The wise men follow the path of truth, and the majority of human beings follow the
path of falsehood because their
arrogance is very powerful. Only the follower of truth achieve peace and harmony in life.
We all see truth but nobody speaks truth. Consciously we hide truth from each other.
The parents hid from their
children, husbands hide from their wives, but everybody feels that he tells truth.
Happiness is not in wealth or in power. Happiness is really in the understanding of
one's own real essence. Thus we
obtain real satisfaction and our desires become satisfied. Then one controls his ego, envy,
pride and jealousy. Our real
essence is not our body and senses which are not stable and take us to unestability. We
should always select good company and
constantly think of our own essential reality. This will take us to the state of
non-attachment and our stable mind will not
run towards the objects of pleasure, and we become self controlled, and self-centered. When
we concentrate on our real
essence and put our mind to truth, infinity and bliss, our actions become like a child
most simple and guiltless.
Time is only relative and we are all captives of time. Nobody can escape from time
and death. Suffering is also a
part of reality. We are all victims of sickness, agony and death. Despaire and hopelessness
raise the risk of heart attacks,
and thereby shorten the span of life.
Our bodies are part of universal body, our minds are part of universal mind and our
selves are part of universal
We have to understand to speak truth. This looks very strange. It is not enough to
desire to speak truth. People
generally tell lies. Mostly people think that they speak truth but still they tell lies all
the time. When they want to tell
lies or tell truth, they tell lies. The husband to his wife, the father to his sons and the
sons to their mother, all the
time tell lies. It is very difficult to tell truth. To tell truth one has to learn very
much. We have. To study a lot. Only
desire to speak truth is not sufficient at all.
There is a Maxican saying: Truth is not a sin but it is inconvenient.
We all live according to our customs, traditions, believes and values customs
based on false or real believes.
Nobody wants to discuss or destroy his customs. The new generation with the impact of
science and technology do destroy the
values. This is happening in all countries, religions and traditions. Thus we live for
In order to understand the universal truth, the present 'Kavya' enumerates some
excellent ideas. The follower of even
some of these ideas will understand 'truth' and will be happy in life.
1. One should carefully examine the qualities of a girl or a boy to marry her or him.
The selection of girl or boy
should not depend on money, beauty or any pressure.
2. One should always remember the dates of births of those who send you greetings and
presents of birthday.
3. One should daily collect new books and read them whenever there is sometime.
4. One should return loans as early as possible.
5. One should make new friends and cherish their long time friendship.
6. One should never abandon his own people being blind by pride of wealth.
7. All objects like clothes, if not used during five years, should be given in
This Kavya states that whenever there is some dispute or difference of opinion between
husband and wife, one should not
impose fault on one another, but should immediately embrace and go out for walking.
When one has always helped some relatives or people and they became antegonised, one should
not mind at all but should
continue to help them and maintain good equilibrium.
By the follower of truth achieves peace of mind and by the follower of falsehood one gets
purturbance. Those who torture
others by harsh words, they are themselves ruined. By and by the river of their wealth also
One should never be afraid of poverty. In the contrary, one should have faith in himself
that one day he will be on the top
There should always be compassion towards poor and miserable people in order to enter in the
state of pure love and
Good people learn even from foolish ones like geese who drink only milk mixed with water and
the wicked men do not take even
a drop of knowledge from the wise men like snakes who always drink blood in the ocean of
milk. If one always speaks truth and
is always ready to help others, he will live long with wealth and fame.
One should always help his own people as well as others. Thus mind becomes free from
A friend only wants your time and advice. He never wants your money. By the desire of money
the friendship comes to an end. A
good friend flows like pure air, clear water and fire. He should always find good
One should always be liberal hearted towards every human being and live with ideal values.
Thus there will be no worry and
tension and one will live long with infinite wealth.
This Kavya states that poor people always speak truth and so they enjoy religious duties.
The wealthy men normally do not
speak truth and therefore they are full of envy and show arrogance.
One should not call anybody poor, cheat and wicked. Infact, cheat is that person who uses
such faulty language and the real
rich is that one who is full of compassion and who uses pure language. The wicked men are
filled with poison in the heart and
they cheat others with false sweet words.
In fact, one should never talk to old men and women with faulty language. Old people should
always be respected in a vehicle
or on the road. One should give a seat to old man or woman and help them in the way by
holding their hand.
We perform actions. Actions generate re-action and there is always inter-action. If we
perform bad actions, we receive bad
results. If we perform good actions, we receive good results.
There are three types of actions :
1. Actions what we perform in this life.
2. Actions which have not give results and as such remain accumulated.
3. Actions which have started giving results in this life.
On account of the auspicious deeds of the previous births, self takes birth in the house of
auspicious people who are pure
and endowed with wealth. They remain engaged in righteousness. Even then some people fall
down from the path of righteousness
due to bad association. He even beats his wife or ignores her but finally he suffers.
Some ignorant people say that there is no god, no rebirth, therefore one should freely enjoy
women. One may drink and eat
whatever is tasteful.
Only knowledge is the way to liberation. Knowledge destroys anger, infatuation and brings
peace of mind. Without knowledge
one cannot perform even an ordinary work in life. Knowledge expands righteousness, wealth,
desire and liberation.
The knowledge of universal self is such a pure flower from which constantly drips fragrance.
Any one who smells this
fragrance, becomes liberated.
If anybody visualizes early morning a pen shining like jewels and observes that the Supreme
God is writing a book by that
pen, his intellect becomes extra-ordinary. He easily breaks down the limitations of time and
space and can see the three
periods of time precisely.
A father should equally divide his loan and money among his children. Even then if any some
remains unsatisfied, the reason
is his own greed. A father always wants that his son be the richest man, follower of proper
duties and inclined to righteous
In this world people observe others' conduct, behavious and language. Therefore, one should
keep his eyes open and always
speak true and sweet words.
If one desires to obtain the "supreme truth he should completely give up the longing for
money, abandons woman like the
poison in the mouth and should always speak truth. He should love all human beings alike. He
must abandon enmity and hatred
The arrogant money-blind man does not know that money is not permanent. He deceives even his
own wife and sons. But when his
will be destroyed, his own people will abandon him. It is also true that friends and
relatives encircle only for money.
Otherwise they will throw him out like a fly from the milk.
In every human being there exists some strong energy hidden by the layers of ignorance.
Anybody, who always speaks truth,
breaks these layer of ignorance. They majority of people call it 'fate' because they do not
One has to make continuous efforts in business or in any enterprise. Man crying 'O Milk! O
Milk!' will not get even a drop of
milk without effort.
Rarely there are some such charming women, who even insulted by their husbands, do not
manifest angerous account of their
gentleness. Infact, there is a net of attachment of such charming women and only some very
intelligent men are able to remain
out of their net.
Some people bound by desires and remain allured by wealth. They do not speak truth. The best
man is he who is faultness, who
does not search faults in others and who remains equal to all. The degraded man is he who
calls even his wife, children and
even most sincere friends demonical. Having performed himself hundreds of sins, one who,
sees sinless persons as sinner, is
himself a great sinner.
Pure love does not want any thing else but only love. It produces excessive bliss. Thus
there is no desire, no sex feeling,
no anger and no hard words.
Man is considered the only animal who strikes the same stone again and again. Everybody
commits the same error for several
times but a wise man does not repeat the same error.
One should never indulge in any kind of demeritorious activity by mind, words and action. If
you enjoy truth alone, you will
always be victorious and will get abundant wealth and imparallel fame.
If one's mind remains perturbed and he outwardly shows happiness, he is a foolish man.
Whatever glitters is not gold. One
should first cleanse his own mind. When mind is happy, there is peace. If mind is unhappy,
what money will serve for.
When somebody first tells lies and thus to hide that lie, he tells another and another lie.
But when one speaks truth, there
is no tension. By speaking truth, mind remains pure and 'Self' is always chaste. By constant
practice, one conquers death and
attains supreme abode.
In this world, somebody many become very rich but his heart will remain poor. He does not
give anything to anybody. He
becomes a snake after his death. Such one arrogant man goes on accumulating money throughout
his life and never gives even a
Penney for the welfare of others. Who is that individual in this world who never suffers
from pains? All people are tortured
by some worry or tension. Only by speaking truth and keeping the mind in the welfare of all
human-beings, one remains free
tensions and pains.
In this world there is always a combination of qualities and defects. However, everybody
observes in himself only qualities
and perceives defects in others. When one speaks truth and begins to be aware of his own
defects, his qualities increase.
Normally every human being perceives defects in others and qualities in himself. By this
false arrogance and ego increase. If
one searches for qualities in others and look for defects in himself, his mind will be
cleansed and there will be no worry
When the aim is good, obstacles disappear. The Goddess of prosperity begins to reside in his
house permanently. Then the mind
will not remain in affliction and the intelligent will also abandon jealousy. Now when mind
and intellect and praiseworthy,
one will only perform meritorious deeds.
People speak something but do not act accordingly. Their acts are different. The wise man
knows well what is in the heart and
what is the action. The wise man can easily read the expression on the face and enters in
the heart of the speaker. He reads
the ideas correctly even spoken by false words. Anybody, who wants to acquire 'knowledge'
and 'liberation', should give up
attachment and always speak truth. Then all the obstacles from his life will be destroyed
and he will become successful in
all his undertakings. His demeritorious deeds will vanish and he will obtain abundant
wealthy and fame all over the world.
I have composed this new poetry entitled 'Satyam' (Universal Truth). It is based on my
observation in life. Every reader will
feel as if it is written for him. Herein my observations are main and imagination is new.
Anybody, who will follow this
poetry in his practical life, will get numerous new opportunities and his fame and wealth
will increase day by day. But and
by he will take his take away his mind from accumulating wealth after helping poor needful
persons in the world. He will also
donate books to needy students, clothes and food to poor persons. Finally, by the power of
always speaking truth, he will
inculcate wonderful capacity and whatsoever he will speak will become truth. He will be
completely satisfied, free from fear
and enmity. He will remain in 'Supreme God' and will obtain 'liberation' from the cycle of
birth and death.
I have composed this poem 'Satyam' easily without any effort by the grace of the feet of my
dear mother Tulsi Bai and dear
father Pandit Rampratap Sastri. They may be pleased by this poem and take my mind at the
feet of the 'Supreme God'.
I am really happy in bringing to the knowledge of the public the valuable application of
'Truth'. I hope that all scholars,
devotees, public and new generation will understand the value of speaking 'truth' and will
benefit by the practice of
It is my pleasure to recall helpful conversations with Prof. Dr. Benjamin Preciado Solic,
Director, Center of Asian and
African Studies, El Colegio de Mexico, Mexico, My sincere thanks for his advice in the
composition of this Kavya. I also
bless my pupil Dr. M. M. Agarwal for bringing out this excellent edition this Kavya
I dedicate this Kavya 'Satyam' to my very deer father and respected Guru Pandit Rampratap
Shastri. I am giving here my
recently published 'Dasa-sloki'. I pray to Rampratap to accept this Kavya. It is only by his
grace that I am able to compose
this wonderful poem. Let the scholars be pleased by this poem and let the public practice
and profit by this wonderful word.
Most of these verses were composed between March 2005 and March 2006.
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