Some Aspects of Literary Criticism in Sanskrit or the Theories of Rasa and Dhvani is considered to be the best, dealing with the theories of Rasa and Dhvani. There are eight different schools of critical thought in Sanskrit Poetics, but the most important of them are those that expose these two theories. Hence it is possible to treat almost the entire Sanskrit literary criticism from the standpoint of these two.
These theories, i.e., Rasa and Dhvani, are dealt with in this book intelligently and in a lucid manner which also contains, in addition to a chronology, an account of their historical development and formulation. This work also attracts the special attention to the momentous and inevitable features of Sanskrit Literary Criticism, namely, the development of the meaning of Rasa, Bharata's date, the relative chronology of Bhamaha and Dandin, the authorship of the Dhvanikarikas, Rudrata and Rudrabhatta, and the theory of Rasa considered and held in the Abhinavabharati of Abhinavagupta.
About the Author
Dr. A. Sankaran was born in Ambasamudram, Tirunelveli District, Tamilnadu and he did his postgraduate studies in Sanskrit in Presidency college, Madras under MM. Kuppuswami Sastri. Besides his college classes, he used to study the ancient sastras under private teachers on traditional lines. During the World War II when he was the Curator of the government Oriental Manuscripts Library, and when the Library was shifted to Tirupati for strategic reasons, he availed of that opportunity to complete his study of Nyaya and Visistadvaita under the famous D. T. Tatacharya. Earlier he studied Vedanta and Nyaya under MM. Dandapani Dikshitar. He was head of the Department of Sanskrit in Presidency College, Madras for a long time and he had a special capacity to handle classes in Nyayakusmanjali and Dhvanyaloka. As a matter of fact, he was devoted to the study of Dhvani under revered MM. Kuppuswami Sastri who himself wrote his commentary of Abhinava-gupta's Dhvanyalokalocana with the active assistance of Dr. Sankaran. Dr. Sankaran combined in himself the best of the traditional and modern systems of Sanskrit education.
He retired as Principal, Government Arts College, Kumbakonam and later worked in the Dictionary Department of the Deccan College, Poona where he passed away in 1968
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