Some Aspects of Literary Criticism in Sanskrit Or The Theories of Rasa and Dhvani

Some Aspects of Literary Criticism in Sanskrit Or The Theories of Rasa and Dhvani

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Item Code: IDH276
Author: A. Sankaran, M.A.
Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Edition: 1973
Pages: 181
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 9.2" X 6.1"
About the Book

Some Aspects of Literary Criticism in Sanskrit or the Theories of Rasa and Dhvani is considered to be the best, dealing with the theories of Rasa and Dhvani. There are eight different schools of critical thought in Sanskrit Poetics, but the most important of them are those that expose these two theories. Hence it is possible to treat almost the entire Sanskrit literary criticism from the standpoint of these two.

These theories, i.e., Rasa and Dhvani, are dealt with in this book intelligently and in a lucid manner which also contains, in addition to a chronology, an account of their historical development and formulation. This work also attracts the special attention to the momentous and inevitable features of Sanskrit Literary Criticism, namely, the development of the meaning of Rasa, Bharata's date, the relative chronology of Bhamaha and Dandin, the authorship of the Dhvanikarikas, Rudrata and Rudrabhatta, and the theory of Rasa considered and held in the Abhinavabharati of Abhinavagupta.

About the Author

Dr. A. Sankaran was born in Ambasamudram, Tirunelveli District, Tamilnadu and he did his postgraduate studies in Sanskrit in Presidency college, Madras under MM. Kuppuswami Sastri. Besides his college classes, he used to study the ancient sastras under private teachers on traditional lines. During the World War II when he was the Curator of the government Oriental Manuscripts Library, and when the Library was shifted to Tirupati for strategic reasons, he availed of that opportunity to complete his study of Nyaya and Visistadvaita under the famous D. T. Tatacharya. Earlier he studied Vedanta and Nyaya under MM. Dandapani Dikshitar. He was head of the Department of Sanskrit in Presidency College, Madras for a long time and he had a special capacity to handle classes in Nyayakusmanjali and Dhvanyaloka. As a matter of fact, he was devoted to the study of Dhvani under revered MM. Kuppuswami Sastri who himself wrote his commentary of Abhinava-gupta's Dhvanyalokalocana with the active assistance of Dr. Sankaran. Dr. Sankaran combined in himself the best of the traditional and modern systems of Sanskrit education.

He retired as Principal, Government Arts College, Kumbakonam and later worked in the Dictionary Department of the Deccan College, Poona where he passed away in 1968

Introduction:- The meaning and scope of literary criticism-the rationale for the title of the work 1
History of the Theory of Rasa up to Anandavardhana. Chapter.
IVedic Period-The History of the meaning of Rasa-the choice of this term by later writers 1
IIValmiki: The first beginning of the conception of Rasa6
IIIBharata : the probable date of his work. Its character-commentaries. His exposition of the theory of Rasa9
IVFrom Bhamaha to Anandavardhana18
Section 1. General tendencies18
Section 2. Bhamaha. His date-His relation with Dandin-His attitude to-wards Rasa19
Section 3. Dandin His conception of poetry and attitude towards Rasa24
Section 4. Vamana-His conception of poetry-his date-attitude towards Rasa28
Section 5. Udbhata-His position as a critic…30
Section 6. Rudrata and Rudrabhatta-Their relations-identity-date-attitude towards Rasa32
Section 7. Agnipurana-Its character-date-of composition-relation to King Bhoja35
VPoet-critics of this period-Pravarasena-Kalidasa-Bhavabhuti-Murari; Bharavi-Bana-Sri Harsa-Magha-Subandhu-Ratnakara-others40
The Dhvani Period
VIThe formulation of the theory of Dhvani…50
Section 1. General survey of this period…50
Section 2. The authorship of the Dhvani-Karikas50
Section 3. Anandavardhana. The origin of Dhvani : the Sphota doctrine-The conception of Vyanjana-Its relation to the Sphota. The relation between Dhvani and Rasa. Their relation to the older methods
VIIImmediate opposition to the theory of Dhvani Pratiharenduraja-Bhattanayaka-Dhananjaya and Dhanika.85
VIIIAbhinavagupta-His date-His words-the Abhinavabharati, a commentary on the Natya-sastra-his predecessors in the field-exposition of the theories of Rasa-Bhattalollata-Sri sankuka-their merits and defects-Bhattanayaka, an improved theory-Abhinava-gupta, most acceptable-support from Kali-dasa-seven impediments to the realisation of Rasa and how to get over them-The Rasas eight or nine?91
Santarasa-its claim-its Sthayibhava-the necessity to admit it as a Rasa.111
IXKuntaka-date-his work-his conception of Vakrata-His attitude towards th theories of Dhvani and Rasa118
Mahimabhatta-his antagonism to Ananda, Abhinava and his contemporaries. His conceptions of Kavyanumiti132
XIKing Bhoja-data-his works-Srrigaraprakasa- its contents-his learning. His peculiar theory of Rasa137
XIIKsemendra-date-his Aucitya146
XIIIMammata. His place148
XIVTwo later writers-Visvanatha-His synthesis in Adbhuta-Jagannatha-his date and character-his theory of poetry-his classification of poetry149
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