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Studies in the Buddhist Culture of India
Studies in the Buddhist Culture of India
Description
From the Jacket:

It is a pioneer attempt of its kind to study Indian Buddhism in its entirety as a system of rational philosophy, profound faith, and as a historical matrix of creative human culture and civilized institution during the 7th and 8th centuries A.D., the brilliant epoch of the University of Nalanda, the mere name of which spells the great wonder that was Buddhism in Ancient India.

Here is an authoritative and systematic record, based on a close study of contemporary Buddhist, Brahmanical and secular literary texts and epigraphic and monumental antiquities of India together with Chinese, the Tibetan documents bearing on the period, and it present a living picture of bnuddhist faith, worship, monachism, moral culture, art, education, literature, scholasticism, esoteric mysticism, sectarian controversies, metaphysical and epistemological theories, rapprochement with Brahmanism, and its tendencies towards decline and transformation in India. A chapter on the contribution of Buddhism to Indian Civilization has also been added. The treatment of the subject is subject is critical and integral though not traditional.

CONTENTS

Foreword by Prof. G.C. Pandexi
Excerpts from Preface to the First Editionxv
Preface to the Second Edition

xxiv
I. Background of Earlier Development
From Buddha to Nagarjuna, 1 - Emergence of Mahayana, 3 - Mahayana and its Cultural Inspiration, 4 - Mahayanism and Hinduism, 6 - Development of Buddhism under the Guptas, 7 - Two tendencies in the sixth century A.D., 10.

1
II. Buddhism During the 7th and 8th Centuries
Buddhism in Uttarapatha, 12 - Buddhism and Kashmir Saivism, 16 - Buddhism in Madhyadesa, 21 - Buddhism in Magadha and the East, 30 - Buddhism in Daksinapatha, 38 - Buddhism in western India, 40.

12
III. Buddhist Art in the Monasteries
Monasteries and Houses in India, 46 - Buddhist art in Kashmir, Thanesvara, Mathura, ankisa, Kausambi, Sravasti, 47 - stupas of 'past' Buddhas, Kapilavastu, Kusinagara, 50 - Art and architecture of Nalanda, 55 - Buddhist art in Bengal and Orissa, 59 - Buddhist art in south India, 61 - Esoteric Buddhist pantheon, 62 - Influence of Tantra on art, 63.

46
IV. Monastic Life and Discipline
Endowment and Maintenance of monasteries, 65 - Monastic organization and administration, 74 - Life and discipline in the monasteries, 77 - Monastic etiquette, 85 - Glimpses of Buddhist asceticism, 88.

65
V. Ethical and Spiritual Culture
Practical Buddhism and its sources, 91 - Morality, meditation and wisdom, 91 - Brahmaviharas, 92 - Samgrahavastus, 92 - Bodhisattva ideal, 93 - Perfect virtues, 93 - Doctrine of non-egoity, 94 - Santideva on the ideal of the Bodhisattva, 96 - Siksasamuccayakarikas, 97 - Uses and ills of human birth, 99 - Faith, devotion and worship, 100 - Scriptural study, 100 - Sciences to be avoided, 101 - How to grow in holiness, 101 - Marks of sublime thought of Enlightenment, 101 - Reception of the thought of Enlightenment, 102 - Self-preservation and self-abnegation, 103 - Transcendental liberality, 103 - Transcendental morality, 103 - Mind control, the essence of morality, 105 - Counsels and precepts, 105 - Forbearance, 106 - Love thy foe, 107 - Perfection of inner strength, 108 - Means of increasing Energy, 109 - Perfect trance, 110 - Evils of worldly life, 110 - Merits of forest life, 111 - Evils of love, 111 - Meditation for the sake of others, 112 - Paratmasamata, 112 - Paratmaparivartana, 113 - The Bodhisattva's prayer, 114 - Kamalasila on the Bhavanakrama, 115 - The debate of bSam-yas, 116 - Three essentials of the Mahayana, 116 - Vajrayana and Buddhist ethics, 118 - Siddhas beyond good and evil, 119 - Modern views on Tantrikism, 120.

91
VI. Buddhist Education and its Centres
General conception of education, 121 - Ideals of ancient Indian education, 121 - Beginnings of Buddhist Education, 122 - Monasteries as centres of education, 124 - Education in the monastic universities, 126 - Types of education, 126 - Courses of study, 127 - Method of teaching and learning, 128 - Monks's secondary education, 130 - Standard of scholarship, 132 - Important centres of education, 133 - University of Nalanda, 134 - University of Valabhi, 137 - University of Vikramasila, 138 - Other centres, 139 - Foreign students in India, 140.

121
VII. Buddhist Learning and Literature
Character of Buddhist learning, 142 - Branches of learning, 143 - Types of literatures, 144 - Buddhist masters and authors, 145 - Dharmakirti, 146 - Santideva, 148 - Siksasamuccaya, the compendium of Mahayanasutras, 150 - Prajnakaramati, 152 - Silabhadra, 153 - Simharasmi and Jayasena, 153 - Prajnagupta, 154 - Bhartrhari, 154 - Candra and Candragomin, Santaraksita, 158 - Kamalasila, 160 - Sarvajnamitra, 161 - Vinitadeva, 162 - Devendrabuddhi, 163 - Kalyanaraksita, 163 - Dharmottara, 164 - Haribhadra, 165 - Early Tantrika literature, 166 - Sarahapada, 166 - Nagarjuna, 167 - Other Tantrika texts and authors, 168 - Amoghavajra, 169.

142
VIII. Buddhist Philosophy and Dialectics
Sects and schools of Buddhism, 170 - Controversies between Mahayana and Hinayana, 170 - Controversies within the Madhyamaka school, 172 - Candrkirti's criticism of Bhavaviveka, 173 - Madhyamika critique of Abhidharma, 174 - Sarvastivada versus Sunyavada, 175 - Candrakirti's criticism of Abhidharma categories, 176 - Madhyamika critique of Vijnanavada, 178 - Post-Vasubandhu developments in Vijnanavada, 180 - Dharmapala and Sthiramati, 181 - Growth of critical philosophy, 182 - Sautrantika school, 182 - Dinnaga, 184 - Sources of knowledge, 185 - Indirect knowledge, 189 - Doctrine of sva-samvedana, 190 - Religion vis-à-vis logic, 192 - Philosophical standpoint of Santaraksita and Kamalasila, 194 - Doctrine of momentariness, 197 - Doctrine of meaning (apoha), 199 - Doctrine of causation, 201 - Doctrine of consciousness, 202 - Buddha's omniscience, 205.

170
IX. Kumarila and Sankara on Buddhism
Kumarila's view of Buddhist thought, 208 - Niralambanavada, 208 - Sunyavada, 216 - Samkara's view of Buddhist thought, 224 - Vijnanastitva-matravada, 229 - Sunyavada, 232.

208
X. Origin and Growth of Esoteric Buddhism
Esoterism or Tantrikism, 235 - Antiquity of esoterism, 236 - Traditional beginnings of esoteric Buddhism, 240 - Historical beginnings of esoteric Buddhism, 243 - Emergence of esoteric Buddhism, 247 - Early seats of esoteric Buddhism, 255 - Early esoteric texts and Sidhacaryas, 260 - Chronology of some early Siddhas, 266 - Esoteric Buddhism: general considerations, 273.

235
XI. Doctrines and Practices of Esoteric Buddhism
The philosophical basis of esoteric Buddhism, 276 - Some aspects of esoteric Buddhism, 279 - Saktisahacarya, 279 - Prajnopaya, 282 - Mantra, 284 - Guru, 285 - Upaya, 287 - Esoteric performance, 288 - Sandhabhasa, 289 - Mandala, 290 - Five Dhyani Buddhas, 292 - Mahasukha, 293 - The social role of esoteric masters, 294 - Revolting side and abuses of esoterism, 296.

276
XII. Beginnings of the Decline of Buddhism in India
Testimony of Chinese pilgrims, 298 - Beginnings of decline of Buddhism, 302 - Factors in the decline of Buddhism, 304 - Moral degeneration, 305 - Sectarian disputes, 308 - Mahayanism and Tantrikism, 309 - Brahmanical hostility, 311 - Revival of Brahmanisam, 314 - Rapprochement with Buddhism, 316 - Declining royal patronage, 318 - Royal persecution, 319 - Some current opinions 322 - Criticism, 324.

298
XIII. Buddhist Contribution to Indian Culture
Buddhist culture and Indian culture, 328 - Buddhist contribution to Hinduism, 331 - Buddhism and the Vedanta, 338 - Vedanta and Buddhist thought before Gaudapada, 340 - Buddhism in the Agamasastra, 344 - Buddhism and the Dharma cults, 349 - Buddhist contribution to education and letters, 350 - Buddhist contribution to art and architecture, 357 - Buddhist contribution to political and social thought, 361.

328
Notes and References371
Abbreviations433
Bibliography435
Index469

Studies in the Buddhist Culture of India

Item Code:
IDC302
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2002
ISBN:
8120802810
Language:
English
Size:
9.0" X 6.0"
Pages:
520
Price:
$39.50   Shipping Free
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From the Jacket:

It is a pioneer attempt of its kind to study Indian Buddhism in its entirety as a system of rational philosophy, profound faith, and as a historical matrix of creative human culture and civilized institution during the 7th and 8th centuries A.D., the brilliant epoch of the University of Nalanda, the mere name of which spells the great wonder that was Buddhism in Ancient India.

Here is an authoritative and systematic record, based on a close study of contemporary Buddhist, Brahmanical and secular literary texts and epigraphic and monumental antiquities of India together with Chinese, the Tibetan documents bearing on the period, and it present a living picture of bnuddhist faith, worship, monachism, moral culture, art, education, literature, scholasticism, esoteric mysticism, sectarian controversies, metaphysical and epistemological theories, rapprochement with Brahmanism, and its tendencies towards decline and transformation in India. A chapter on the contribution of Buddhism to Indian Civilization has also been added. The treatment of the subject is subject is critical and integral though not traditional.

CONTENTS

Foreword by Prof. G.C. Pandexi
Excerpts from Preface to the First Editionxv
Preface to the Second Edition

xxiv
I. Background of Earlier Development
From Buddha to Nagarjuna, 1 - Emergence of Mahayana, 3 - Mahayana and its Cultural Inspiration, 4 - Mahayanism and Hinduism, 6 - Development of Buddhism under the Guptas, 7 - Two tendencies in the sixth century A.D., 10.

1
II. Buddhism During the 7th and 8th Centuries
Buddhism in Uttarapatha, 12 - Buddhism and Kashmir Saivism, 16 - Buddhism in Madhyadesa, 21 - Buddhism in Magadha and the East, 30 - Buddhism in Daksinapatha, 38 - Buddhism in western India, 40.

12
III. Buddhist Art in the Monasteries
Monasteries and Houses in India, 46 - Buddhist art in Kashmir, Thanesvara, Mathura, ankisa, Kausambi, Sravasti, 47 - stupas of 'past' Buddhas, Kapilavastu, Kusinagara, 50 - Art and architecture of Nalanda, 55 - Buddhist art in Bengal and Orissa, 59 - Buddhist art in south India, 61 - Esoteric Buddhist pantheon, 62 - Influence of Tantra on art, 63.

46
IV. Monastic Life and Discipline
Endowment and Maintenance of monasteries, 65 - Monastic organization and administration, 74 - Life and discipline in the monasteries, 77 - Monastic etiquette, 85 - Glimpses of Buddhist asceticism, 88.

65
V. Ethical and Spiritual Culture
Practical Buddhism and its sources, 91 - Morality, meditation and wisdom, 91 - Brahmaviharas, 92 - Samgrahavastus, 92 - Bodhisattva ideal, 93 - Perfect virtues, 93 - Doctrine of non-egoity, 94 - Santideva on the ideal of the Bodhisattva, 96 - Siksasamuccayakarikas, 97 - Uses and ills of human birth, 99 - Faith, devotion and worship, 100 - Scriptural study, 100 - Sciences to be avoided, 101 - How to grow in holiness, 101 - Marks of sublime thought of Enlightenment, 101 - Reception of the thought of Enlightenment, 102 - Self-preservation and self-abnegation, 103 - Transcendental liberality, 103 - Transcendental morality, 103 - Mind control, the essence of morality, 105 - Counsels and precepts, 105 - Forbearance, 106 - Love thy foe, 107 - Perfection of inner strength, 108 - Means of increasing Energy, 109 - Perfect trance, 110 - Evils of worldly life, 110 - Merits of forest life, 111 - Evils of love, 111 - Meditation for the sake of others, 112 - Paratmasamata, 112 - Paratmaparivartana, 113 - The Bodhisattva's prayer, 114 - Kamalasila on the Bhavanakrama, 115 - The debate of bSam-yas, 116 - Three essentials of the Mahayana, 116 - Vajrayana and Buddhist ethics, 118 - Siddhas beyond good and evil, 119 - Modern views on Tantrikism, 120.

91
VI. Buddhist Education and its Centres
General conception of education, 121 - Ideals of ancient Indian education, 121 - Beginnings of Buddhist Education, 122 - Monasteries as centres of education, 124 - Education in the monastic universities, 126 - Types of education, 126 - Courses of study, 127 - Method of teaching and learning, 128 - Monks's secondary education, 130 - Standard of scholarship, 132 - Important centres of education, 133 - University of Nalanda, 134 - University of Valabhi, 137 - University of Vikramasila, 138 - Other centres, 139 - Foreign students in India, 140.

121
VII. Buddhist Learning and Literature
Character of Buddhist learning, 142 - Branches of learning, 143 - Types of literatures, 144 - Buddhist masters and authors, 145 - Dharmakirti, 146 - Santideva, 148 - Siksasamuccaya, the compendium of Mahayanasutras, 150 - Prajnakaramati, 152 - Silabhadra, 153 - Simharasmi and Jayasena, 153 - Prajnagupta, 154 - Bhartrhari, 154 - Candra and Candragomin, Santaraksita, 158 - Kamalasila, 160 - Sarvajnamitra, 161 - Vinitadeva, 162 - Devendrabuddhi, 163 - Kalyanaraksita, 163 - Dharmottara, 164 - Haribhadra, 165 - Early Tantrika literature, 166 - Sarahapada, 166 - Nagarjuna, 167 - Other Tantrika texts and authors, 168 - Amoghavajra, 169.

142
VIII. Buddhist Philosophy and Dialectics
Sects and schools of Buddhism, 170 - Controversies between Mahayana and Hinayana, 170 - Controversies within the Madhyamaka school, 172 - Candrkirti's criticism of Bhavaviveka, 173 - Madhyamika critique of Abhidharma, 174 - Sarvastivada versus Sunyavada, 175 - Candrakirti's criticism of Abhidharma categories, 176 - Madhyamika critique of Vijnanavada, 178 - Post-Vasubandhu developments in Vijnanavada, 180 - Dharmapala and Sthiramati, 181 - Growth of critical philosophy, 182 - Sautrantika school, 182 - Dinnaga, 184 - Sources of knowledge, 185 - Indirect knowledge, 189 - Doctrine of sva-samvedana, 190 - Religion vis-à-vis logic, 192 - Philosophical standpoint of Santaraksita and Kamalasila, 194 - Doctrine of momentariness, 197 - Doctrine of meaning (apoha), 199 - Doctrine of causation, 201 - Doctrine of consciousness, 202 - Buddha's omniscience, 205.

170
IX. Kumarila and Sankara on Buddhism
Kumarila's view of Buddhist thought, 208 - Niralambanavada, 208 - Sunyavada, 216 - Samkara's view of Buddhist thought, 224 - Vijnanastitva-matravada, 229 - Sunyavada, 232.

208
X. Origin and Growth of Esoteric Buddhism
Esoterism or Tantrikism, 235 - Antiquity of esoterism, 236 - Traditional beginnings of esoteric Buddhism, 240 - Historical beginnings of esoteric Buddhism, 243 - Emergence of esoteric Buddhism, 247 - Early seats of esoteric Buddhism, 255 - Early esoteric texts and Sidhacaryas, 260 - Chronology of some early Siddhas, 266 - Esoteric Buddhism: general considerations, 273.

235
XI. Doctrines and Practices of Esoteric Buddhism
The philosophical basis of esoteric Buddhism, 276 - Some aspects of esoteric Buddhism, 279 - Saktisahacarya, 279 - Prajnopaya, 282 - Mantra, 284 - Guru, 285 - Upaya, 287 - Esoteric performance, 288 - Sandhabhasa, 289 - Mandala, 290 - Five Dhyani Buddhas, 292 - Mahasukha, 293 - The social role of esoteric masters, 294 - Revolting side and abuses of esoterism, 296.

276
XII. Beginnings of the Decline of Buddhism in India
Testimony of Chinese pilgrims, 298 - Beginnings of decline of Buddhism, 302 - Factors in the decline of Buddhism, 304 - Moral degeneration, 305 - Sectarian disputes, 308 - Mahayanism and Tantrikism, 309 - Brahmanical hostility, 311 - Revival of Brahmanisam, 314 - Rapprochement with Buddhism, 316 - Declining royal patronage, 318 - Royal persecution, 319 - Some current opinions 322 - Criticism, 324.

298
XIII. Buddhist Contribution to Indian Culture
Buddhist culture and Indian culture, 328 - Buddhist contribution to Hinduism, 331 - Buddhism and the Vedanta, 338 - Vedanta and Buddhist thought before Gaudapada, 340 - Buddhism in the Agamasastra, 344 - Buddhism and the Dharma cults, 349 - Buddhist contribution to education and letters, 350 - Buddhist contribution to art and architecture, 357 - Buddhist contribution to political and social thought, 361.

328
Notes and References371
Abbreviations433
Bibliography435
Index469

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