This book is a study of Swami Vivekananda in relation to national problems. This study contains Swami ji’s views regarding national reconstruction of India and the part played by him in its great reawakening. The basis of this study is the dialectical analysis of the Indian society of the nineteenth century. The book presents socialistic view of Swami ji.
Here, it should be acknowledged that all the family
incidents and the incidents of the early life of Swami
Vivekananda have been put down in the book after
consultation with the writer's elder brother, Sri
The writer owes his great debt of gratitude to
Brahmachari Amar Chaitanya of Ramakrishna Vedanta
Math for helping him in every way for the publication of the
book. He also owes thanks to the Ramakrishna Vedanta
Math, Calcutta, for putting at his disposal all the literature
dealing with the Ramakrishna movement for perusal.
Again, his thanks are due to the Trustees of Prabuddha
Bharat, Mayavati, for their kind permission granted
previously to the writer to quote the writings of Swamiji.
Here, the writer also expresses his thanks to those
who in various ways have helped him in bringing out the
Indian Nationalism as understood by Swamiji is not
the same as understood today. To him, a nation meant the
people. He wanted the upliftment and freedom of the Indian
people. He wanted the material and moral advancement of
the same. By the word "people" he did not mean a political
term, but the masses that constitute the major portion of
humanity living in India. In reading the sayings of Swamiji
quoted in this volume the reader will find that he has divided
the Indians into two classes, the rich-the upper class, and
the poor-the lower class. This latter class he has designated
as the "masses". They form the toiling classes of India.
Swamiji's efforts were directed in drawing the attention of
the youth of the country towards the betterment of the
condition of the masses. He has not only repeatedly asked
them to take up this onerous task but he has laid down the
principles of his program also. But how many have realized
what he has said and how many have acted up to it?
It seems that the youth of the country did not realize
the full import of his advice in this matter. To them Swamiji's
plea for upliftment of the Indian masses meant only
philanthropic and charitable works. Hence the country is
dotted with Social Service Societies! But if anyone reads
his advice in the light of modern philosophy for the
upliftment of the masses, he will find that Swamiji was not
content in giving an ameliorative program only; he also
wanted a radical cure of the chronic condition. He was not
for keeping up the status quo of the Indian Society, but
wanted a complete overhaul of the whole tiling!
A Marxist will be amazed in seeing his ideas anticipated
in the slayings of Swamiji, and he will be more amazed when
he reads that Swamiji has openly called himself a "socialist".
Therein lays the key to Swamiji's advice to the youth of his
country. One will be surprised in reading that Swamiji has
not only used Marx's phrase, that "the poor are getting
poorer and the rich are getting richer" but he has also
spoken about the "proletarian culture", and has foretold
that the "Proletocult" (Proletarian Culture) of the Indian
masses will be the future culture of New India! In going
through the pages of this book one cannot but admit that
Swamiji was saturated with the ideas of the social-
revolutionaries of the West. Indeed he gave evidence enough
that he was well acquainted with their literature and ideals.
Book's Contents and Sample Pages
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