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Teach Yourself Hindi

Back of the Book

Hindi is a phonetic language. It is written as it is spoken. This book teaches you Hindi in the most simple and effective way using an 'audio' effect for quicker grasp and assimilation. There is a direct conversational style followed throughout with simple grammar rules.

This book prepares you for almost any situation in India and other Hindi speaking areas.

- Pronunciation and key to phonetic symbols
- Basic expressions, idioms and phrases
- Direct conversational methods
- Rules of grammer simplified
- Subject-wise concise dictionary
- Special 'audio' effect for quicker learning.

About the Book

The easiest way to learn Hindi (or any other language) is to hear it spoken. This book, designed by a successful teacher of Hindi to foreigners, creates an 'audio' effect for quicker grasp and assimilation. Rules of grammar have been explained only where absolutely necessary. A directly conversational style, with the help of a minimal vocabulary, makes learning Hindi effortless and pleasureable

Correct pronunciation is difficult, especially for tongues not accustomed to the Devanagari script. Diacritical marks have been provided to indicate different sounds and accents. By regular practice, with the help of this book, one can acquire a working knowledge of spoken and written Hindi.

Mohini Rao, former editor, National Book Trust, has taught Hindi to foreigners for many years-at the American Embassy, and at the Hindi Institute run by herself.

Foreword

There are several books on the subject of learning Hindi without a guide or a teacher. One can only learn the basic rules of grammar and a minimal vocabulary from a book for everyday use.

The basic vocabulary needed by a person may vary according to his interest or occupation. I have tried to give in this book phrases and sentences used commonly. A minimal dictionary has also been added at the end. Rules of grammar have been explained only where absolutely necessary, for I believe that hearing a language constantly and attentively is the best way of leaning it.

A book, even the best one, can help only in a limited way if the language is not heard regularly and spoken without inhibition.

Hindi is a phonetic language. It is written as it is spoken. The reader is advised to learn the script from the beginning as it shortens the process of learning and also helps pronounce correctly.

There are some sounds in Hindi which cannot be reproduced accurately in the Roman script.

This book teaches you the spoken Hindi, popularly known as Hindustani, which is a pleasant mixture of Hindi and Urdu words, which are understood commonly. The key to the pronunciation and the phonetic symbols should be followed as accurately as possible.

In the end I would like to add that the method adopted in this book is based on my own vast personal experience of teaching Hindi to foreigners, and it is an attempt only to teach the rudiments of the language.

I should be happy if this little book benefits both foreigner and Indians who wish to learn Hindi the easy way.

CONTENTS
Chapter OneKey to Pronunciation9-21
Phonetic Symbols9
Vowels10
Consonants10
Aspirated and Unaspirated Consonants13
Complete Varnamala at a glance14
Vowel Signs15
Conjuct Consonants19
Syntax21
Chapter TwoNouns22-27
Gender22
Masculine Nouns22
Feminine Nouns24
Number24
Vocabulary27
Articles27
Chapter ThreeCases and Case Signs (Karaka aur Karaka Chihna): Declensions28
Masculine Nouns ending in a consonant-Singular28
Plural29
Masculine Nouns ending in a- Singular29
Plural30
Masculine Nouns ending in i-Singular30
Masculine Nouns ending in u-Singular31
Plural31
Feminine Nouns ending in i-Singular32
Plural32
Feminine Nouns ending in a consonant-Singular33
Rules to Remember34
Chapter FourPronouns(Sarvanam)35-43
Personal Pronouns35
Possessive Pronouns37
Case, First Person37
Second Person38
Third Person38
Chapter FivePrepositions (Vibhakti Chihna)44-47
Post Positions or Case Signs44
Without Post Position45
With Post Position45
Chapter SixAdjectives (Visheshan)48-56
Positive50
Comparative-Superlative 50
Adjectives in pairs50
Chapter SevenVerbs(Kriya)57-86
Tenses: Present Tense, Present Indefinite58
Present Continuous60
Present Perfect62
Present Perfect Continuous64
Past Tense, Past Indefinite 64
Past Continuous66
Past Perfect68
Future Tense69
Request or Command74
Subjunctive Mood76
Interrogative Words77
Can-Could, (present Tense)80
Future Tense80
Past Tense80)
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs83
Transitive and Causative85
Chapter Eight-Adverbs(Kriya Visheshan)124
Reading Exercise I90
Telling the time91
Some Common Idioms94
Past Tense99
Future Tense101
Changing Verbs into Present Perfect or Past Perfect104
Reading Exercise II105
Reading Exercise III109
Translation into English109
Reading Exercise IV110
Reading Exercise V112
Reading Exercise VI116
English Translation117
Reading Exercise VII119
Reading Exercise VIII122
Reading Exercise VIII122
Reading IX 124
Chapter NineA Minimal Dictionary127

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