The Tirukkural of Triuvalluvar is the most outstanding and inspiring popular work on general ethics political principles and happy married life. It is the greatest treasure house of wisdom in Tamil and the gift of Tamilnadu to the world. it is on a par with the Bhagavadgita and the Dhammapada.
The author Trivalluvar is generally assigned to the first century A.D. He is said to have been a weaver from Mylapore in Madras some others consider that he was a Harijan. Vaisnavas and saivas Buddhists and Jains all claim Tiruvalluvar as their own. The Tirukkural is written not only the Hindus but for humanity for all time at all places. The emphasis is on the individuals rather than on society.
Ethical and political principles of a very high standard are expressed in the Tirukkural in a lucid precise and direct manner. The importance of wealth is not as a means for enjoyment but as a means for doing one’s dharma. The kama section deals with marriage and conjugal love. The title of the work is based on the kural metre in which the couplets are written.
The tirukkal is divided into three sections dealing with the three goals of people who want to live a full life in this world. Aram Porul and Kama corresponding to the three Purusartha-s Dharma Astha and kama respectively. Together there are 1330 Kural couplets divided into 133 chapters each containing ten kurals. Indian tradition also divides the three goals of full life in this world as Trivarga leaving aside Moksa to those inclined towards the Nivrtti marga of detachment and renunciation.
V.R. Ramachandra Dikshitar’s English translation of the Tirukkural is in a lucid and simple style and is faithful to the original. It was published by the Asyar Library and research centre in 1949 in two volumes one containing the Tifukkuarl in Roman transliteration and the other in Tamil Script. Though several translations are available a faithful English translation in simple and lucid prose together with the Tamil text in Roman script is not available in the market. Hence we are bringing out in a single volume the English translation together with the Tamil text both in Tamil Script and in not available in the market. Hence we are bringing out in a single volume the English translation together with the Tamil text both in Tamil script and in Roman transliteration. The birth centenary of V.R. Ramachandra Dikshitar falls in 1995 we are bringing out his edition as a mark of respect to him.
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