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Item Code: IDC324
Author: Swati Ganguly
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 1992
ISBN: 8120809246
Pages: 281
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 8.8" X 5.8"
weight of the book: 437 gms
About the Book:

The Wei-shih-san-shih-Jun-sung (Vijnaptimatrataridasasastrakarika, Treasure in Thirty Verses on Mere-Consciousness) is a Chinese version by Hsuan-tsang, the great Chinese scholar and traveller, of the Sanskrit text of the Trimsikakarikas of Vasubandhu. The Trimsika sums up the essentials of the Yogacara-Vijnanavada school of Buddhist thought in thirty verses. Ten Indian Yogacara teachers including Dharmapala elaborated them in their commentaries on the Trimsika. Of these commentaries only Sthiramati's work is available in Sanskrit and the rest are lost now. Hsuan-tsang summarized the interpretations of all the ten commentaries following the line of Dharmapala in his masterpiece, the Ch'eng-wei-shih-lun (Vijnaptimatratasiddhisastra, Treatise on the Establishment of the Doctrine of Mere-consciousness). The present volume consists of a critical translation of the Wei-shih-san-shin-lun, a comprehensive translation of the Ch'eng-wei-shih-lun along with a summary of the text, and a comparison of the Sanskrit and Chinese commentaries of Sthiramati and Dharmapala.

The book explores the developments and the various implications of the doctrine of Mere-consciousness. It aims at the evaluation and reconstruction of the patterns of Buddhist idealism in India and China from the Sanskrit and Chinese sources of the Yogacara-Vijnanavada. This work is the first comprehensive translation and interpretation of the basic Yogacara-Vijnanavada texts preserved in Chinese.

About the Author:

Dr. Swati Ganguly was born in 1945 in West Bengal. She obtained two M.A. degrees, one in Sanskrit from the University of Calcutta and the other in Asian Studies from the University of Illinois, Urbana, Champaign, U.S.A. She was awarded D. Phill in Sanskrit by the University of Calcutta. Her doctoral dissertation was written in Sanskrit language.

Dr. Ganguly was awarded Research Assistantship to do her M.A. in the Department of Asian Studies, University of Illinois, U.S.A. There she studied Chinese language and literature under the guidance of Prof. Richard Chang and Chinese Buddhism under the guidance of Prof. Whalen Lai. The present work was inspired by Prof. Lai, who is currently the Chairman, Department of Religious Studies, Davis, University of California, U.S.A.

Dr. Ganguly held numerous research positions in the Universities of Calcutta, Illinois and Delhi. She has published a number of papers and articles in the allied fields of Buddhism in various academic journals. Presently she is an U.G.C Research Scientist in the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi.



  1. General Introduction of the Text and the Comentary
  2. Sources of the WSSSLS
  3. Development of the Vijnaptimatrata system in India and China
  4. Life of Hsuan-tsang
  5. Significance of Wei-shih (Vijnaptimatrata) in the WSSSLS and the CWSL
  6. Analysis of the WSSSLS
  7. Analysis of the thirty Verses in the WSSSLS
  8. Vijnaptimatrata: Philosophy and Religion
    (Resume of the Vijnaptimatratasiddhisastra, CWSL)
    1. Non-existence of the Self
    2. Non-existence of dharmas
    3. Metaphorical designation (Upacara)
    4. The Concept of 'Evolution of consciousness'
    5. Storehouse-consciousness (Alayavijnana)
    6. The Seventh Consciousness (Manas)
    7. The Six Consciousness (Pravrttivijnana)
    8. Mere-consciousness (Vijnaptimatrata)
    9. Causality and samsara
    10. Samsara and the three vasanas
    11. The Three Natures
    12. The Three Natures and the three Nihsvavabhatas
    13. The Holy Path


    The Wei-shih-san-shih-lun-sung
    Appendix I - Chronology of Hsuan-tsang's Life
    Appendix II - Works of Hsuan-tsang (in chronological order)
    List of Chinese Characters
    Chinese Text of the WSSSLS
    Chinese Text of the CWSL
    Sanskrit Text of the Trimsika

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