Dr. Jyoti Shanker Tripathi is emerging as one of the shining stars in the galaxy of growing Ayurvedic scholars of the country. He has a brilliant
academic career glittering with several distinctions and prizes. Dr. Tripathi got his graduate degree, BAMS, from State Ayurvedic College,
Varanasi in 1989 affiliated to Sampurnanand Sanskrit University, Varanasi. He completed Doctor of Medicine (Ay.) in 1993 in Kayachikitsa
with specialization in Manas Roga Vijnana (Ayurvedic Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychiatry) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) Kayachikitsa
in 2002, both from the prestigious faculty of Ayurveda, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi under the guidance of his illustrious mentor and
internationally renowned erudite scholar Prof. R.H. Singh,. He was also awarded the Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) honoris causa by the Open
International University for complementary medicines (O.I.U. C.M.), Colombo, Sri Lanka, in 1998 for his contributions in field of Ayurveda. He
was also given “Charakashree” citation by Vishwa Ayrveda Parishad in 2007.
Dr. Tripathi is presently working as Reader in the Department of Kayachikitsa and Incharge of the Division of Manas Chikitsa in the
faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi and has published about 50 research papers and
contributed four expert chapters in different books. He has delivered about two dozen orations, guest lectures/keynote addresses in various
national and international seminars and CMEs. Being a reputed teacher and Researcher, he is also involved in guiding M.D. (Ay.) and Ph.D
Scholars. He is one of the principal investigator in the Golden Triangle Research Partnership Programme, I.C.M.R., New Delhi; Peripheral
co-ordinator in National Pharmaco-vigilance programme for ASU drugs and member of module and manual subcommittee of National Geriatric
compaign. Besides being member of several academic organizations, Dr. Tripathi is also the secretary of Association for Ayurvedic Physicians
of India (AAPI).
Back of the Book
“The Unified Dimensions of Ayurvedic Medicine” is a unique and unprecedented treatise of its kind. It gives a scientific interpretation and
discussion on the principles and practice of Ayurveda in a most comprehensive way. It attempts to unify and synthesize the diverse and some of
the less understood aspects of Ayurveda, giving scientific background behind, what is apparently understood as the philosophical and
metaphysical concepts e.g. Shrishti Utpatti Krama (cosmogenesis), Prakriti (ultimate matter), Mahat (cosmic intelligence) etc. The subsequent
part of the book discusses the formation of animate and inanimate objects, their biophysical, bio-energetic and biological aspects of functioning
and relationship of these aspects to the body and mind. The functioning of the entire living system has been illustrated citing the example of the
mental phenomenon of cognition and the Nootropic (cognitive enhancer) drugs. It also illustrates how the different kinds of non
pharmacological therapies viz. Daiva-vyapashraya and Sattvavajaya bring about changes in mind and body of a patient through bio-energetic
mechanisms. The book ends with the few important scientific studies conducted with nootropic drugs of Ayurveda in various clinical conditions,
bringing the entire concept to the most practical level.
A broad outlook over the fundamentals of Ayurveda reveals that they can be classified into philosophical and metaphysical,
biophysical, bio-energetic and pure biological concepts. These apparent diverse concepts lead to confusion even to a sincere pursuer of
Ayurveda. The underlying scientific wisdom has been brought out in the present work with a view to unify and synthesize these dimensions into a
single reality, so that they can be applied into practice of medicine..
Thus, the book has widespread utility to a range of scholars sincerely interested to understand Ayurveda. This is extremely useful for
postgraduate M.D. (Ay) students especiallyin the disciplines of Kayachikitsa, Manas Roga, Basic Principles, Vikriti Vijnan, Sharir Kriya etc.
The monograph “Unified Dimensions of Ayurvedic Medicine” authored by Dr. J.S. Tripathi is based on his doctoral work conducted under my
direct supervision and guidance in the Department of Kayachikitsa at Banaras Hindu University. This work is an attempt to examine and to
interpretate the basic principles of Ayurveda in the light of recent developments in the field of physical and biological sciences of today. The
careful interface of Ayurveda and modern science unfolds the subtle wisdom of ancients about the existence of the universe and of the life as a
phenomenon. This monograph beautifully describes the nature of universe and its relation with the individual-being which is essential to
understand and to apply these concepts to the practice of medicine. I congratulate the author for this out-standing contribution to the
contemporary Ayurvedic Literature and wish the publication a great success.
Life, according to Ayurveda, is not merely a physical entity but is an amalgamation of metaphysical, spiritual, biophysical,
bioenergetic, psychological and obviously the biological components. One will have to comprehend the body, the mind and the spirit in totality
to understand the life, health and disease in a holistic manner, Thus, the life exists on various planes viz. physical, mental, intellectual and
spiritual and the disease also appears on the various planes. They constantly shift from one plane to another. However, it is through the body that
symptoms of diseases are reflected and hence it is the lone tangible entity. Probably, this is the reason why Ayurveda has predominantly adopted
the biological approach while describing the phenomenon of health and disease.
Ayurvedists were conscious of the fact that all the planes of life are interrelated and continuously interact with each other. It is
erroneous to locate the diseases in the physical body alone. Persistent diseases of the body also affect the mind, intellect and the self and the
deep seated diseases of the mind, intellect and self crawl towards the body. Fear, anxiety, anger, avarices are the causes of many physical
diseases. Thus, the physical body functions on the basis of vital energy and its vibrations, which is subtle. This aspect of physical existence is
called as subtle aspect i.e. subtle body. The main operations connected with life emanate from this source. Self consciousness and intellect are
also subtle. The feelings and emotions are again subtle and thus, the subtle section of our existence is much vast, the body is only a tool to it.
The inference is that it is the subtle body that constitutes and regulates the gross body. The reactions of vital energy are at an immense speed in
the subtle body and when they reach the physical levels, they seem to be stationary. Thus, the changes occur initially in the subtle body due to
vibrations of the vital energy and the physical body only reports the manifested state similar to the monitor of a computer. The pathogenic
causes of the different diseases are invisible and inward, mainly in the form of negative emotional and inward, mainly in the form of negative
emotional states and therefore even the latest of modern equipments fail to detect them. The exterior is only the expression.
The Ayurvedic classics have comprehensively discussed the phenomenon of life, health and disease, in all their entirety with their
subtle and gross relations/interactions with the environment, physical objects and cosmos on one hand and the social, interpersonal and
behavioural on the other.
As the descriptions pertaining to life have been presented from different points of view and different angles, even a sincere pursuiver
of Ayurveda is likely to get confused and perturbed in relating these diverse concepts and their applications. A broad outlook over these
fundamental concepts reveal that they can be broadly classified into philosophical and metaphysical, biophysical, bioenergetic and pure
biological concepts, ultimately leading to their practical application in the management of different diseases and promotion of the functions of
psyche and soma, which have been scientifically presented in the present monograph.
For the demonstration of practical applications, Ayurvedic Medhya remedies, which are known for their nootropic and cognitive
enhancing effects, have been taken as an example and the scientific studies conducted with this class of drugs have been presented in the later
part of this work to bring the entire concept to a practical level.
The valuable doctrines of Ayurveda are often inter-preted by present day scholars in a conservative way, which makes them more
obscure and confusing. Varying and often conflicting versions of these doctrines are often presented. A critical appraisal of these fundamental
doctrines in the light of the observed facts have become taboo due to the feeling that the knowledge contained in the Samhitas are of devine
origin, are perfect as such and therefore can not be modified or improved upon. Forced interpretations are made to prove that every modern
discovery is either already existed in the old doctrines or they have already been anticipated. The purpose of the present work is to make a
critical scientific study of Ayurvedic doctrines, their logical interpretation based on the recent developments in the field of science and to bring
into the light the scientific ideas contained in outwardly looking pure philosophical and metaphysical concepts. The idea is to develop a kind of
wisdom into the reader to understand the indepth realities of the life processes contained in Ayurvedic classics and to understand how the
different dimensions of life are basically one and unified. Linking bonds among these diverse dimensions of life have been scientifically
analyzed and interpreted, so that they may be understood in proper perspective with a vie to apply the same intelligently in the practice of
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