The second edition of this book went out of print in 2007. Taking into
consideration this heavy demand of this book by students and research
scholars, and availability of funds made by the UGC to subsidize its
publication, it was decided to bring out the third edition, revised. In
this third edition, the map has been divided into two parts making it more
rational. The portion of the map covering Majjhimadesa, where the Buddha
was active, has been given separately as part two. The first part covers
the rest of Jambudipa.
I am grateful to Prof. Bhikshu Satyapala and Prof. Anita Sharma for taking
keen interest in the publication of this paperback edition. I am also
grateful to Dr S.M. Haldhar, Dr A.K. Singh, Dr Krishna Murari, Dr Sanjay
Kumar Singh, and Shri Anmol Jha for doing various odd jobs relating to the
publication of this edition. I owe thanks to the University Grants
commission for a grant which partly defrayed the publication cost. In the
end, I am immensely grateful to Shri Ashok Jain of Munshiram Manoharlal
Publications for bringing out this edition in a record time.
The first edition of this book was published in 1990 and has been out of
print for about ten years. During the last fifteen years, I had the
opportunity of doing some work on a couple of the settlements which had
remained unidentified so far. As a result, I have added Kammasadhamma and
Thullakotthita to the list of identified settlements in this edition,
besides, an extra appendix (no. III) has also been added. Now better fonts
as well as programs to print letters with diacritical marks have become
available on the computers. This has helped in removing many of the
printer’s devils that had crept into the first edition.
Dr Anita Sharma helped with the updating of the bibliography. In the
preparation of the index as well as the map, I have received help from Dr
S.M. Haldhar, Dr A.K. Singh, Dr Krishna Murari, Dr Sanjay Kumar Singh, Mr
A.K. Jha, Mr Dilip Kumar Thakur, and Mr Saurabh Jha. Mr B.N. Tiwari of
Vidyanidhi Prakashan helped in brining out this edition in the shortest
possible time. I extend my sincere thanks to all of them.
In 1985, I was awarded the Commonwealth Scholarship to do PhD in Oriental
Studies at University of Cambridge. This book represents about two – thirds
of my doctoral dissertation that I submitted to the University of Cambridge
in May 1989 through Clare hall, Churchill College, and the Faculty of
I wish to express my deep sense of gratitude to Prof. F.R. Allchin, my
supervisor, for his valuable guidance and constructive criticism. I would
also like to thank Dr B.R. Allchin for her encouragement from time to time.
I am grateful to the members of the faculty of oriental studies in
particular Prof. K.R. Norman for many acts of kindness and Dr J.D. Smith
for lending me a program on diacritical marks. I should like to express my
deep gratitude to my former teachers Dr D.K. Chakrabarti (Dhaka), Prof.
Sanghasena Singh (Delhi), and the late Prof. D. Devahuti (Delhi), who took
special interest in my work. My special thanks are due to Prof. B.G.
Gokhale (Winston – Salem), Dr Makkhan Lal (Aligarh), Prof. Amalia Pezzali
(Bologna), and Dr George Erdosy (Cambridge) for valuable criticism of
various portions of the rough draft.
I am indebted to the staff of the oriental faculty library, University
Library, Haddon Library, and the Ancient India and Iran Trust Library, and
the India House Library (all at London) for lending me books and other
assistance. I am very considerably indebted to Dr N.S. Pradhan, Principal,
K.M. College (Delhi University) for granting me three – year study leave.
I am most grateful to the commonwealth commission (London), the Association
of commonwealth Universities (London), and the Ministry of Education
(Government of India) for the award of Commonwealth Scholarship, which
mainly financed my study and stay in the United Kingdom. I am also grateful
to the Ancient India and Iran Trust (Cambridge), the Charles Wallace Trust,
the Leche Trust, the British Council, and the Association of Commonwealth
Universities (all at London) for partly contributing towards the expenses
of a field – trip in India and attendance at conferences at Hamburg (W.
Germany), Berkeley (USA), and Leiden (Holland).
I am also indebted to Sunita, Neha, and Nidhi for constant source of
strength and encouragement during the study. I also wish to thank all my
professional friends especially Anita Sharma (Delhi University), Anamika
Roy, Gyanesh Kudaisya, Indivar Kamtekar, and Medha Malik (all of Churchill
College, Cambridge) for various kinds of support.
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