Hiranyagarbha, The Golden Embryo

$125
Item Code: DE95
Specifications:
Madhubani Painting on Hand Made Paper treated with Cow DungArtist Vidya Devi and Dhirendra Jha
Dimensions 2.4 ft x 1.8 ft
Handmade
Handmade
Free delivery
Free delivery
Fully insured
Fully insured
100% Made in India
100% Made in India
Fair trade
Fair trade
Madhubani art is a wonderful combination of simplicity and serenity and a symbol of the cultural attainments of society.

That the Madhubani village is in touch with cosmic phenomenon is evident from this painting which conveys more than it shows. There are various speculations regarding the origin of man and the story of creation. As painted by the Madhubani artist, a golden egg was produced in the causal boundless waters, from which came forth the lord of progeny, Prajapati. From him was born a daughter, Saraswati and also the hymns Savitri, Gayatri and twilight Sandhya, according to the Matsya Purana. The Markandya Purana adds that 'as the Golden Embryo, Brahma is the first among the gods. He has no beginning; he dwells in the centre of the earth's lotus.'

The artist conveys his knowledge about the cosmic order in this simple painting in which the cosmic milieu is grey with linear patterns in white, giving it an ethereal effect. The luminous golden egg is painted in shining golden colour relaying its importance. The painting would have been incomplete without the characteristic bright colours of Madhubani which the artist has used in the border.

This description by Renu Rana.

How is a Madhubani painting made?

Madhubani painting is also known as Mithila art as it is practiced in the Mithila region of India and Nepal. It has specifically originated from the Madhubani district of the state of Bihar. Traditionally, the women of this region created these paintings and in recent years, it has become a widely practiced art and has now become renowned throughout the world. This art expresses the creativity and culture of the people of Mithila and is passed from one generation to another. In this way, the heritage of Madhubani art has been preserved for many decades.

The subjects of these paintings are usually religion, love, and fertility. Sometimes, social events like festivals, weddings, and royal court are also depicted in the paintings. The most commonly painted designs and themes are the forms of Hindu Gods and Goddesses such as Ganesha, Shiva, Saraswati, Lakshmi, Krishna, and Ram. The characteristic features of Madhubani paintings are their vibrant colors and eye-catching geometrical patterns. The empty spaces are filled with traditional motifs such as floral and foliate patterns, animals, birds, geometrical structures, and other designs. The local artists create these paintings using a variety of items such as matchsticks, twigs, brushes, pens, or even their own fingers. The paints are usually made with natural dyes and pigments.

As simple as it may seem, the making process of the world-famous Madhubani paintings is certainly not easy and requires lots of hard labor.

Traditional Madhubani paintings are done either on cloth, handmade paper, or canvas. Select the medium of painting as per your choice. If you have chosen cloth, attach it to cardboard to make a solid base.

The making of the painting begins with making a double-lined border. This is a very important step because the border is filled with various geographical shapes and patterns or other motifs. The average width of the border is 1.5 - 2 cm.

Now that the border is created, you will be left with a blank middle space. This is the main workspace. Start drawing your choice of figure, designs, and shapes. These must be relevant to the Madhubani painting themes.

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When the key design has been made, the empty spaces in between are filled with some designs.

Now is the time to color the painting using vivid shades and hues. Colors in Madhubani are sourced from nature; Indigo is used to produce blue, flower juice produces red, turmeric gives yellow, leaves produce green, cow dung mixed soot gives black, and rice powder gives white.

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To paint these colors, the artist uses a bamboo stick and wraps cotton around it. This acts as a traditional brush.

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The entire painting is now painted using this special brush with natural vibrant colors. · However, in modern times, the common brush is used and instead of natural colors, artists prefer to use acrylic paints.

Since the entire painting is made with natural materials and colors, it appears simple yet enriching. Originally, this art was created on mud walls or soil grounds but when it evolved over many years, the people of Madhubani started to make it on fabric and paper. Today, this art has become globalized and is receiving worldwide attention and appreciation.

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