The Early Phases: Prehistoric, Vedic and Upanisadic, Jaina and Buddhist (The Cultural Heritage of India: Volume I)

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Item Code: IDI083
Publisher: Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture
Language: English
Edition: 2015
ISBN: 8185843023
Pages: 716 (Black & white Plates: VIII, Black & white Maps: 4)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 7.3"X 9.1"
Weight 1.52 kg
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Book Description
Publisher's Note

The Ramakrishna mission established this Institute of Culture in 1938 in fulfillment of one of the projects to commemorate the Birth Centenary of Sri Ramakrishna (1936). At the same time the institute was vested with the entire rights of The Cultural Heritage of India. This publication is thus one of the major responsibilities of the Institute; it also serves to fulfil a primary aim of the Institute, which is to promote the study, interpretation, and dissemination of the cultural heritage of India.

The first edition of The Cultural Heritage of India, in three volumes and about 2,000 pages, the work of one hundred distinguished Indian scholars, was published in 1937 by the Sri Ramakrishna Birth Centenary Publication Committee as a Birth Centenary memorial. This work Presented for the first time a panorama of the cultural history of India, and it was immediately acclaimed as a remarkable contribution to the cultural literature of the world. This edition was sold out within a few years, and the work had long been out of print, when considering the question of the second edition, it was felt that, instead of reprinting the work in its original form, advantage should be taken of the opportunity to enlarge the scope of the work. It was decided to make it more comprehensive, more authoritative, and adequately representative of different aspects of Indian thought, and, at the same time, thoroughly to revise the old articles to bring them up to date.

According to the new scheme drawn up on this basis, the number of volumes has been increased. The plan of arrangement has been improved by grouping the topics in such a way that each volume may be fairly complete and fulfil the requirements of those interested, with separate pagination, bibliography, and index. Since due regard will be paid to historicity and critical treatment, it is hoped that this work will provide a useful guide to the study of the complex pattern of India's cultural history.

The distinguished band of scholars who have co-operated so ably in this task have done their work as a labour of love in a spirit of service to scholarship and world understanding. Equally essential to the success of the undertaking was the assistance of Government of India who made a generous grant towards the cost of publication. Without this dual co-operation, it would have been impossible to set out on a venture of this magnitude; and to the contributors as well as to the Government of India the Institute therefore expresses its deepest gratitude.

Back of the Book

The first historic work of the combined intelligence of all India giving a complete and connected story of her culture and civilization. It is a monument of Indian co-operative research in history, philosophy, religion, fine arts, exact sciences, economics, politics literature, and sociology.



This is the first and it Present the only systematic, and so far as it goes, authoritative encyclopaedia of Indian culture. The printing and the get-up are simply superb.- The Philosophical Quarterly, India.

One of the most notable enterprises of its kind yet attempted in any Asiatic country reached fruition in India recently with the publication of three volumes in which a survey is made of the whole field of Indian religion, history, and culture.- The Straits Times, Singapore, S.S.

The cultural Heritage of India is a monumental compendium of the treasures of Indian thought of centuries.- Romain Rolland.

The volumes are a contribution of the highest value to all students of Indian thought.- Professor A.B. Keith, Edinburgh.

I feel positive that the publication of these volumes will prove to be of great service not only to India, but also to the rest of the world, where ignorance of India and Indian culture has been a very great obstacle to the due appreciation of the part played by India and Indians in the civilization and progress of the world.- General J.B.M. Hertzog, sometime Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa.

A work that is encyclopaedic in scope?. The vigour with which India is asserting her individuality and cultural importance points towards a renaissance that will enrich not only India, but the rest of the world as well.- The New York Times, New York.

We get from this encyclopaedic book the impression of a people who at their best display the most exquisite refinement of feeling, the subtlest grace, the nicest delicacy?. And it may happen that it will be to India, as well as to Palestine, that we shall have to look for the spirit which will unite men in building a Kingdom of God Upon earth.- The Times Literary Supplement, London.

From the Jacket

INDIA'S CULTURAL heritage is one of the most ancient, extensive, and varied among all those which make up the cultural heritage of mankind. Throughout the ages many races and peoples contributed to India's culture. Some came into contact with her only temporarily; others settled permanently within her evolved was synthesis on the basis of eternal values.

DELVING DEEPLY into the past, the present volume describes the geographical, ethnic and linguistic background of Indian culture, and the prehistoric Indus valley civilization which flourished over 4,000 years ago. It then surveys the Vedic civilization which laid the grand spiritual foundation of India's culture and philosophical thought. It shows how the subsequent Jaina and Buddhist movements took the accumulated spiritual wealth and spread it among the people, Buddhism even spreading it abroad.

THUS THIS volume clearly shows that in these early phases of India's history two ideals took shape which were to be foundation of the whole structure of Indian culture : the spiritual nature of man, and the acceptance of all cultures as valid expressions of eternal values.


  Publisher's Note vii
  The spirit of India xxi
  Rabindranath Tagore  
  Introduction of the first edition xxiii
  Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan  
  Editors Preface xxxvii
I Suniti Kumar Chatterji, M.A., D.Lit.  
II A.D. Pusalker, M.A., LL.B., PH.D.  
III Nalinaksha Dutt, M.A., B.L., PH.D., D. Lit.  
1 The Geographical background of Indian culture 3
  Nirmal Kumar Bose, M.SC., F.N.I. Reader in Anthropo-Geography, Calcutta University  
2 Race and race movements in India 17
  Sasanka Sekhar sarkar, D.SC. Lecturer in Physical Anthropology, University College of Science, Calcutta  
3 Regional structure of India in relation to language and History 33
  Jay Chandra Narang; Vidyalankara Formerly Honorary Professor of Ancient Indian History and Culture, Bombay University, and Secretary, Bharatiya Itihasa Parisad  
4 Linguistic Survey of India: Languages and scripts 53
  Suniti Kumar Chatterji, M.A. D.Lit. Chairman, Legislative Council, West Bengal, and formerly Khaira Professor of Indian Linguistics and Phonetics, Calcutta University  
5 Contributions from different language- Culture groups 76
  Suniti Kumar Chatterji, M.A., D.Lit.  
6 The Stone Age in India 93
I Nirmal Kumar Bose, M.Sc., F.N.I.  
II Dharani Sen, M.SC. Lecturer in Prehistoric Archaeology, Department of Anthropology, University College of Science, Calcutta  
7 Indus Valley Civilization 110
  Madho Sarup Vats, M.A. Formerly Director General of Archaeology in India, New Delhi  
8 The Origin of the Indo-Aryans 129
  Bata Krishna Ghosh, D.Phil., D.Litt. Formerly Lecturer in Philology, Calcutta University  
9 Cultural Interrelation Between India and the outside world before Asoka 144
  A. D. Pusalker, M.A., LL.B., Ph.D. Formerly Assistant Director, and Head of the Department of Sanskrit, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Bombay  
10 The Religio- Philosophic culture of India 163
  T. M. P. Mahadevan, M.A., Ph.D. Professor and Head of the Department of Philosophy, Madras University  
11 The Vedas and their religious teachings 182
  Swami Sharvananda  
12 Vedic Culture 199
  C. Kunhan Raja, B.A., D.Phil.Professor of Sanskrit, Andhra University, Waltair  
13 Vedic Society 221
  A.S. Altekar, M.A., LL.B., D.Litt.Director, K. P. Jayaswal Research Institute, Patna, and formerly Professor and Head of the Department of Ancient Indian History and Culture, Patna University  
14 Vedic Rituals 234
  V.M. Apte, M.A., Ph.D.Director of Research, Veda Samsodhana Mandala, Bombay, and formerly Head of the Department of Sanskrit, Saugar University  
15 The Vedangas 264
  V.M. Apte, M.A., M.A., PH. D.  
16 Yaska and panini 293
  Vasudeva Sharma Agrawala, M.A. PH.D., D.Litt. Professor and Head of the Department of Art and Architecture, Banaras Hindu University  
17 Vedic Exegesis 311
  Shrimat Anirvan  
18 The dawn of Indian philosophy 333
  Swami Ghanananda Head of the Ramakrishna Vedanta Centre, London  
19 A Bird's -eye view of the Upanisads 345
  Swami Ghanananda General Secretary, Ramakrishna Math and Mission, Belur, Howrah  
20 Mystical approach in the Upanisads 366
  Mahendranath Sircar, M.A., PH.D.Formerly Professor of Philosophy, Presidency College, Calcutta  
21 Upanisadic Mediatation 375
  Swami Gambhirananda President, Advaita Ashrama, Mayavati, Almora  
22 Sramana or non-Brahmanical sects 389
  Pandit N. Aiyaswami Sastri Head of the Indo-Tibetan Studies and Buddhism, Visva- Bharati, Santinikatan  
23 Jainism: Its History, Principles, and Precepts 400
  Hiralal Jain, M.A., LL.B., D. Litt. Director, Institute of Post- Graduate Studies and Research in Prakrit, Jainology, and Ahimsa, Muzaffarpur, Bihar  
24 Jainism: Its Philosophy and Ethics 414
  Appaswami Chakravrti, M.A. Formerly Prinicipal, Government College, Kumbakonam  
25 Some fundamental principles of Jainism 434
  Pandit Sukhalal Sanghvi, D. Litt. Formerly Professor and Head of the Department of Jaina Sastra, Banaras Hindu University  
26 Some Aspects of early Buddhism 442
  Beni Madhab Barua, M.A., D.Lit., Tripitakacarya Formerly Professor of Pali and Lecturer in Sanskrit and Ancient Indian History and culture, Calcutta University  
27 Schools and sects of Buddhism 456
I P. V. Bapat, M.A., A.M., PH.D. Professor of Buddhist Studies, Delhi University  
II-IV Nalinaksha Dutt, M.A., B.L., PH.D., D.Lit. Professor and Head of the Department of Pali, Calcutta University  
28 Emergence of Mahayana Buddhism 503
  Nalinaksha Dutt, M.A., B.L., PH.D., D.Lit.  
29 Mahayanic pantheon 518
  Beonoytosh Bhattacharyya, M.A., PH.D. Formerly Director, Oriental Institute, Baroda  
30 Karma 537
  Bimala Churn Law, M.A., B.L., PH.D., D.Litt.  
31 Nirvana 547
  Bimala Churn Law., M.A., B.L., PH.D., D.Litt.  
32 Buddhism in relation to Vedanta 559
  Vidhushekhara Bhattacharya, Sastrin, Mahamahopadhyaya Formerly Asutosh Professor and Head of the Department of Sanskrit, Calcutta University  
33 Buddhism in Indian life and Thought 575
  Satkari Mookerjee, M.A., Ph.D. Director, Nava Nalanda Mahavihara, Nalanda, and formerly Asutosh Professor and Head of the Department of Sanskrit, Calcutta University  
  Bibliography 601
  Index 615

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