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Dig deeper into the archaeological roots of India - A guide 101

The Indian Archeological Society was established way back in 1967 at the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archeology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi with the endeavors of Prof. A.K. Narain, the Head of the Department along with his partners in the Banaras Hindu University for advancing and spreading information about paleontology in its all perspectives including a committed scholarly gathering for conservation of archaeological issues and to advance and guide the investigations of prehistoric studies. Society is resolved to uncover the real essence of old civilization and ideal comprehension of the past since it has a place with us all and should be completely perceived and appropriately protected for what's in store. Society immovably accepts that the discipline of archaic exploration is profoundly logical and in the Indian setting, it can tackle numerous historical issues. Archaeology is the investigation of the human past utilizing past remains. 

Compact remaining parts are generally called antiquities. Relics incorporate devices, attire, and embellishments. Non-compact remaining parts, for example, pyramids or post-openings, are called highlights. Archeologists use relics and highlights to figure out how individuals resided in certain settings. They need to understand what these individuals' regular routines were like, how they were administered, how they collaborated, and what they accepted and respected. At times, curios and elements give the main hints about an old local area or development. Ancient developments didn't leave written accounts, so we can't find out about them. Most societies with writing frameworks leave written accounts that archaeologists counsel and study. Probably the most significant written accounts are regular things, for example, shopping records and tax documents. Latin, the language of antiquated Rome, assists archeologists with understanding relics and elements found in pieces of the Roman Empire. The tremendous development of archeological work has implied the foundation of prehistory as a scholarly discipline; few significant colleges anywhere on the planet are currently without teachers and divisions of archaic exploration. There are presently an exceptionally enormous number of academic diaries in the field, as well as an extensive group of promoted books and diaries that endeavor to overcome any gap between expert and layman.


Q1. Who was the father of Indian Archaeology?

Equipped with the information on Brahmi, Alexander Cunningham, a protégé of James Prinsep, did a point-by-point review of the Buddhist landmarks. Roused by early beginner archeologists like the Italian military official, Jean-Baptiste Ventura, Cunningham unearthed stupas along the width, the length, and the expansiveness of India. While Cunningham subsidized a significant number of his initial unearthings himself, over the long haul, he understood the requirement for a super durable body to manage archeological unearthings and the preservation of Indian landmarks and involved his height and impact in India to campaign for an archeological study. While his endeavor didn't meet with progress, the Archeological Survey of India was in the end framed by a resolution passed into regulation by Lord Canning with Cunningham as the main Archeological Surveyor.

Q2. Who is the most respected and famous Indian archaeologist?

Braj Basi Lal, also called 'BB Lal' is one of India's most productive archeologists. He was educated under the amazing paleontologist Mortimer Wheeler, in locales like Taxila, Harappa, and Sisupalgarh.

Q3. Who is No 1 archaeologist in the world?


Mark Lehner- American; Thomas Jefferson - United States


Dame Kathleen Mary Kenyon - British; Stuart Struever- University of Chicago.


Heinrich Schliemann - German; Sir Flinders Petrie - British


Zahi Hawass – Egyptian; Richard Leakey - Kenyan


Mary Douglas Leakey – Kenyan; Louis Leakey - Kenyan


Hiram Bingham – American; Sir Arthur Evans - British


John Lloyd Stephens – American; Auguste Mariette - French


Richard Lepsius – German ; Jacques Boucher de Perthes - French


Henri Breuil – French ; Giovanni Battista Belzoni - Italian


Erland Nordenskiold – Swedish; Sir Austen Henry Layard - British


W.F. Albright – American; Lucy Myers Wright Mitchell - American


Manolis Andronicos – Greek; Kathleen Kenyon – British

Q4. What is the greatest archeological find in history?


Pompeii - an ancient Roman city


Terracotta Army: collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of China's first emperor, Qin Shi Huang.


Olduvai Gorge: Fossil remains found in Olduvai Gorge human species as far back as 1.9 million years ago.


Cave of Altamira: The Spanish cave contains prehistoric paintings of mammals and human hands, and was discovered in 1880


Dead Sea Scrolls: 800 manuscripts were found in 11 caves just 2km inland from the Dead Sea.


Easter Island Moai: 887 massive statues on Easter Island, a Chilean Polynesian island in the Pacific Ocean.


Staffordshire Hoard: hoard of over 3,500 items, Anglo-Saxon gold and silver metalwork, found in Staffordshire, UK, in 2009.

Q5. What are the 3 types of archaeologist?


Classical Archaeology: The examination of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations is known as classical archaeology. The period between around 500 BC to 300 BC was known as the Classical period or Golden age of Greece.


Historical archaeology is a form of archaeology dealing with places, things, and issues from the past or present when written records and oral traditions can inform and contextualize cultural material?


Prehistoric archaeology is a subfield of archaeology, which deals specifically with artifacts, civilizations, and other materials from societies that existed before any form of writing system or historical record on ages such as the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age, etc.

Q6. What is archaeology in history class 11?


Archaeology is the study of ancient human activity concerning art, language, and culture using material remains. It studies evidence from the remains of plants, animal bones, and other objects that people created, modified, or used. To find out whether particular sites were once settlements. Portable remains are usually called artifacts. Archaeology helps us understand not only where and when people lived on the earth, but also how they lived. Archaeologists examine change over time, seeking patterns and explanations. Archaeologists might study the million-year-old fossils of our earliest human ancestors in Africa. Or they might study 20th-century buildings in present-day New York City.

Q7. Who is the head of archaeology in India?


Ms.V. Vidyavathi is the Director General of The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). She is a 1991 batch Karnataka cadre officer, by the order of the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet. She has been serving as the Additional Secretary to the Government of India. The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is an Indian government agency that is responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural historical monuments in the country. It was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham. The ASI is headed by a Director General, assisted by an Additional Director General, two Joint Directors General, and 17 Directors.

Q8. Who is India's youngest archaeologist?


At 17, Arsh Ali is the youngest archaeologist in India today. He has worked at numerous excavation sites belonging to the Harappan and Egyptian periods and is presently working on ten projects with five already being done. One of the research papers he is currently working on is about the dispersion of Buddhism to Egypt by Ashoka, where Arsh has found new evidence linking Ashoka’s Dhamma to Egypt. When he was going through archaeological expedition journals, he came across a pottery piece with Brahmin Inscriptions, an ancient Indian language. Arsh notes, “This was some evidence that linked the spread of Buddhism to the west, with Ashoka.”