By Codinators By Anjum N. Rizvi
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Inundate yourself in the enchantment of the flora and fauna of India

India is home to a wide exhibit of ecozones including deserts, mountains, tropical and mild woodlands, streams, fields, and, surprisingly, an island archipelago. Ongoing many years have seen the number of inhabitants in India develop gigantically, which has represented a huge danger to India's natural life. Because of this issue, as well as the ramifications of unlawful hunting and poaching, the arrangement of biosphere reserves and national parks was thought about. There are presently 87 National Parks, 13 Biosphere reserves, and wildlife sanctuaries throughout the country. Creatures like the Asian Elephant, the Bengal Tiger, the Asiatic Lion, the Leopard, and the Indian Rhinoceros are vital to Indian culture and are related to divinities. The prominence of such creatures helps in preservation endeavours and they are progressively significant for wildlife and ecotourism. Thus, numerous wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves are committed to protecting these creatures. Project Tiger was laid out in India to "keep a noticeable tiger populace in their local climate". Project Tiger attempts to increase the tiger population and had set up 39 wildlife sanctuaries around the nation. 

This undertaking is viewed by a lot of people to be one of the best protection endeavours in present-day history. Project Elephant is a less popular, yet similarly significant preservation project. Its point is to safeguard elephants, their territories, and migration paths to guarantee the survival of elephants in India. Kaziranga National Park was created in the Golaghat and Nagaon areas in the territory of Assam quite a long time back. It has been recorded as one of India's UNESCO World Heritage Sites as it is home to the Great One-horned Rhinoceros populace. It is likewise a significant bird haven and tiger hold and has a huge reproducing populace of elephants and wild water bison. The seventeen Biospheres in India safeguard not just the normal fauna of the country, they additionally safeguard the wonderful flora, a considerable lot of which are just tracked down in India. The lotus is the national blossom of India, while orchid and marigold plants are copious. Many blossoms are utilized for restorative purposes while bougainvillea, roses, and jasmine are well known just in light of their phenomenal excellence. Many trees found in India hold exceptional social and religious importance and many trees are safeguarded as living, normal landmarks.

The official tree of India is the Banyan, while trees like the Indian rosewood, the Ashwagandha, and the Brahmi are predominantly grown. India is buckling down towards safeguarding its natural resources and supporting its native societies. The travel industry in India likewise upholds and supports neighborhood economies that are reliant upon this income, by involving nearby produce and setting out financial open doors for local networks. There are limitations on the number of individuals allowed to enter the core area of woods so as not to aggravate the existing pattern of nature and its wildlife. There is likewise pressure on resorts to practice reusing, utilizing solar power, and water reuse. Holiday camps, eco-retreats in wildernesses, tree houses in lodgings, and houseboats taken care of by neighbourhood individuals are a portion of the eco-travel industry's well-disposed choices in different locations, offering both extravagance and reasonable convenience. 


Q1. What is the importance of wildlife’s existence in India?

Wildlife contains all living organic entities (plants, creatures, microorganisms) in their regular natural surroundings which are neither developed nor trained nor subdued. Be that as it may, in its strictest sense, it incorporates crude warm-blooded creatures, reptiles, birds and fishes, and so on. Certain significance of wildlife in India are:

  • Environmental Balance: Wildlife keeps up with the equilibrium of nature through-

  • Regulation of populace of various species.

  • Food chains or sections of food and energy through a series of populaces involving producers, consumers, and miniature life forms.

  • Natural cycles or dissemination of inorganic supplements among biotic and abiotic conditions.

    Q2. What is natural wildlife India?


    The wildlife in India consists of a variety of plants (flora) and animals (fauna) the only country in the world that has both lions and tigers in India.


    Some species of deer: Indian Bison, Nilgai, Chausingha, Gazel,etc


    Vulnerable: Nilgiri Langur, Barasingha, etc


    Rare:  Desert Fox, the Himalayan Brown Bear, etc


    Endangered: Black Buck, Crocodile, Indian Rhino, etc


    Endemic Species: Andaman Wild Pig, Mithun in Arunachal Pradesh, etc


    India has a variety of animal species and living things (about 7.6% of mammals, 14.7% of amphibians, 6% of birds, 6.2% of reptiles, and 6.0% of flowering plant species), because of its different and favorable geographical factors. 

    Q3. How can we protect the wildlife of India?


    Establishment of national parks, wildlife reserves, sanctuaries, zoological gardens, etc. to serve as protected areas. To rehabilitate some threatened species of animals as well as plants in some protected habitats of its erstwhile distribution. Take up a captive breeding program for species whose survival in wild is severely threatened. Need to educate people to achieve their participation, through the Celebration of wild life week, setting up nature clubs, publication of wildlife books and journals, etc.


    State laws: Forest and wildlife are on a concurrent list in the constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976.


    Wildlife protection Act, 1972: for providing legal protection to wildlife and endangered species.

    Q4. Is there plenty of wildlife in India?


    India has both lions and tigers in its forests. Some species of deer such as Indian Bison, Nilgai, Chausingha, and Gazel are found in India. The only living population of the Asiatic Lions, Gir is in the Forest of Gujarat.


    The number of wildlife sanctuaries in India is 89000 and there are almost 1361 species of bird in preservation. The elephants are seen in the forests of Kerala, Assam, Karnataka, West Bengal, and Assam. Camels and Wild Asses are found in the Thar Desert and Rann of Kutch. India is home to about 7.6% of mammals, 14.7% of amphibians, 6% of birds, 6.2% of reptiles, and 6.0% of flowering plant species.

    Q5. How many natures are there in India?


    An assortment of Indian natural treasures for nature lovers


    Natural Arch, Tirumala hills: A Rocky Wonder


    Marble Rocks, Jabalpur


    Balancing Rock, Mahabalipuram


    Amarnath Cave, Jammu & Kashmir: The Iced Lingam


    Belum Caves, Andhra Pradesh: Longest Caves in Indian Subcontinent


    Loktak Floating Lake, Manipur: Only Floating Lake in the World


    Manikaran Natural Springs: Hot Water Bath in River Beas


    Majuli Island, Assam: The Riverine Island


    Living Root Twin Bridges, Meghalaya: The One-Odd Tree Wonder


    Dudhsagar Falls, Goa: Rush of Milk


    Valley Of Flowers, Uttarakhand


    Great Rann of Kutch, Gujarat


    Reverse Waterfall, Lonavala: Waterfall That Flows Up


    Hogenakkal, Tamil Nadu: Niagara Falls of India


    Krishna’s Butter Ball, Mahabalipuram: A Rare Phenomenon

    Q6. Which animal is found only in India?


    Sangai Deer: It is mainly found in the southern part of Loktak Lake in the Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur.


    Nilgiri Tahr: that can be found only in India in the Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu.


    Lion-Tailed Macaque: The Lion Tailed Macaque is found in the Western Ghats in Southern India, and around the world.


    Kashmir Stag: The Kashmir stag is a subspecies of Central Asian Red Deer unique to India. Once found all over the Kashmir Valley.


    Nilgiri Blue Robin: The Nilgiri Blue Robin or Nilgiri Shortwing is a passerine bird, mainly found in the Shola forests of Southern India.