Jaimini Maharishi's Upadesa Sutras

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Item Code: IDJ587
Author: Sanjay Rath
Language: (Complete): Sanskrit Text, English Translation and Comments
Edition: 2002
ISBN: 9788170822493
Pages: 419
Cover: Paperback
Other Details 8.3" X 5.3"
Weight 530 gm
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Book Description


Vedic astrology has been viewed by some scholars as polyparadigmatic, comprising of a multitude of unique schools employing different hypothesis and independent tools for analysis. Thus, the Parasarian system is viewed as grossly different from that of Jaimini, Brighu or the Tajaka writers (Neelkanthi) or even the Nadi's (Satyanadi etc.). Consequently much of the literature has either not surfaced for fear of unwanted criticism of if surfaced, is languishing for want of serious research as scholars view the literature as "inferior" to their system. Fortunately, due to the efforts of some brilleant scholars' Vedic astrology has come a long way from its dark days. However, to make further progress, this science should be viewed in a right unified perspective where the various systems are actually parts of the whole (Vedic astrolgy).

The original Brihat parasara Hora Shastra has been surfacing in bits and pieces and this is evident in every new publication which has a few more stanzas or even chapters than the previous ones. Thus it is evident that the original text must has been far more voluminous that what is available now and would have had the essence of all the systems or subcontinent, and not excluding the astrological knowledge that migarated to China or other parts of Asia with the monks (Buddhist, Jain etc.)

The Upadesa Sutras (Advisory stanzas) popularly called the Jaimini Sutras were originally in eight chapters of four quarters each and, as the name implies, wee meant to supplement the standard texts like Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra etc. Maharishi Jaimini was a student of Sri Vyasa who was the son of Parasara. So, Jaimini must have been trained in the traditional Vedic astrology and has given these Upadesa Sutras to bring out the finer points of astrology. Thus, many areas like Chara and Sthira karakas (temporary/fixed significators) that find a fleeting reference in the standard texts are explained in detail. Similarly while Jaimini has dealt with seventy phalita dasas and fourteen Ayur dass he has generally avoided the constellation based dasa (excepting Lagna kendradi Rasi Dasas or Sudasa) asking the reader to refer to standard texts. (I have explained as many dasas as possible in this translation and a detailed exposition will require a separate book). Again, Jaimini asks the reader to refer to standard texts for the divisional charts while explaining only those like Saptamsa, Rudramsa, Shastamsa etc which do not find adequate coverage elsewhere. My interpretation is on the basis of my learning and any error is attributable only to my own inattentiveness, for which, the erudite readers may kindly enlighten me.

In the determination of (monthly) significators for the period of gestation, most standard texts give the natural significators Jaimini gives the fixed significators besides adding a novel method of timing events during pregnancy. Even the use of Varnada Lagna in the epoch chart is meant to supplement standard texts. These can also be successfully used in horary charts or the natal saptamasa chart D-7) of the parents. Perhaps the only area where he has differed is the delineation of body parts. By explaining in detail the use of such sensitive special ascendants like the Hora Lagna etc, Jaimini has taken Vedic astrology to unprecedented heights, which no serious scholar can afford to miss. For example, it is traditionally known that the second Lord in the twelfth house is a specific combination for poverty and it is found in the chart of Queen Victoria! However, Jaimini teaches that the Varnada Lagna in the second house is good for power and position. This is found in the chart of the Queen and the results of "second Lord in twelfth house" get modified to "Lord of Varnada lagna in the eleventh house from it" thereby resulting in a dhanyog (wealth & prosperity). The traditionalists view of Vedic astrology as a unified whole is advocated and to the extent feasible i have given quotes from standard texts.

While a flawless commentary by the brilliant Neelkanth is available Sanskrit works, is in an uncorrelated manner showing that in the process of transfer by word of mouth some order was lost. These have been arranged (only in Chapter III Quarter3) on the basis of my learning and its is possible that those who are more erudite may like to advise me further on this. I shall be most obliged for their valuable suggestions. While this book should suffice, research scholars can consult the bibliography for further reading. I do not claim that the Jaimini Sutras are complete as the last four chapters are not available and will have to be added subsequently, if at all they are traced. While reading these stanzas the reader is cautioned against taking a hard line attitude without actually trying out their applicability. Again, there should be no fixation for names as 'Chara dasa' is quite different from 'chara Paryaya dasa' etc.

Jaimini has explained a novel method of determining the sex of the child on the basis of the vighati (Birth time) from Sunrise or Sunset and this can also be used for rectifying horoscopes. Instead of going into all the important combination which are available in standard texts, Jaimini has just explained a few. The explanation of the Shakti Yoga gives a new insight into understanding these combinatious.

Explanatory notes and illustration have been provided to bring out the applicability of the stanzas which have been specifically refered to in the explanation to charts. It is hoped that this work meets with the expectations of the learned astrologers.

Words would not suffice to appreciate the efforts and inspiration provided by close elder astrologers. Vedic astrology is indebted to the Sagar family for patronizing publication of various books over the past few generations now and I express my gratitude to Sri Narinder Sagar for his advise and expertise in the publication of this book. God willing, we should be able to throw more light on Vedic Astrology in the future as well.

I prostrate at the Lotus feet of Sri Sri Jagannath of Puri (Orissa), my Gurus and my parents for their blessings.

Jaimini Maharishi's Upadesa Sutras

This book offers a lucid transliteration of the upadesa Sutras of Maharishi Jaimini. Wherever necessary this has been substantiated by references from standard texts. A number of riddles hitherto confronting Vedic astrology have been resolved with fine illustrations. These include (a) the difference (in actual usage) between Chara, Sthira and Naisargika karakas (b) the distinction between 'karakamsa' and 'swamsa' and its impact in the charts of twins born just 2 minutes apart, (c) the calculation and use of the Narayana, (alias Padakrama) Sthira, Shoola, Navamsa, Brahma, Varnada, Manduka, Paryaya (alias Gochara) Kendradi and Sudasas, (d) the use of special ascendants in deciphering and timing Rajyoga/Dhanyogas, (e) predicting co-borns for self (Arudha lagna) and spouse (upapada) children from Saptamsa, evils from Kauluka (Shastamsa) disease from Trimsamsa and death from Rudramsa (f) longevity estimation and nature of death. Hitler's defeat and death due to a change in Paryaya dasa (in Rasi chart) and Manduka dasa (in Rudramsa) or the poverty combination of the second lord in twelfth being altered to dhanyog (prosperity & plenty) due to the Varnada lagna in the second house in Queen Victorias chart are some of the fine illustrations bringing out the importance of Jaimini Sutras. Subtle variations in standard combinations like Shakti yoga producing a saint (Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa) or the anti-Christ (Adolf Hitler) as well as the obstruction of the evil from Cancer (the sign of God) are the guarded secrets of Vedic astrology being revealed for the first time.




Preface iv
List of Reference Tables & Figures viii
Chapter I Quarter 1 1-29
Benediction, katapayadi varga, Aspect, Argala (Intervention) Chara & Sthira Karaka, Zodiacal/Reverse count, Dasa Periods of Signs, Arudha, Special ascendants, Divisional charts.  
Chapter I Quarter 2 30-77
Swamsa in different signs, Planets in Swamsa, the Sun-Rahu conjunction :detailed exposition, Gulika in Swamsa, ketu in Swamsa, Sun & Venus associationg with karakamsa, Tenth house, Fourth house and Ninth house from Swamsa Effect of Mars and Venus on the second from Swamsa, Seventh from Swamsa, Third and Sixth from Swamsa, Twelfth house and emancipation, Nature of Diety, Sixth from Amatyakarak, Black/White magic, Chemist, Leucoderma, Leprosy; Fourth house fifth house second house from Swamsa Speech defects, Poverty, Timing of results.  
Chapter 1 Quarter 3 78-106
Arudha lagha, Eleventh & Prosperity, Twelfth & losses, Stomach ailments, Premature aging, Prosperity, Rajyoga, conveyances, Royalty / Power, Political power, Defence /police personnel, All dictum of Swamsa to apply to arudha / Janma lagna, Bondage, Eye sight problems, Symbols of authority.  
Chapter 1 Quarter 4 107-140
Upapada, Renunciation or loss of spouse, Benefic Sun, Beneficial aspects, Death of spouse, Many spouses, loss of spouse in old age, Status of spouse's family, Beautiful spouse, Desertion, Ailments of spouse, Saptamsa fertility, predicting each pregnancy Co-borns of spouse (and self) Dentition, Stammering. Deformity, Complexion Faithful spouse, Legitimate/Illegitimate births  
Chapter II Quarter 1 141-178
Judgement of longevity; First Method of three pairs and primary life span Predominance of a pair of longevity indicators, Kakshya Hrasa, Kakshya Vridhi; Second Method of placement of eighth lord for longevity estimation, Kakshya Hrasa/Vriddhi Rasi Hrasa/Vriddhi Yoga Vipareetam, Sthira Dasa indicates death, Death inflicting signs. Rudra, Three Shulas and judgement of death inflicting sign Maheswara Brahma, Longivity: other details.  
Chapter II Quarter 2 179-194
Fixed Significators for Father / Mother Rudras for parents, longevity upto trines of Rudras/fixed Significators, Death of Spouse, Death of others, Dusta Maran Yoga or otherwise Nature of death, place of death, prior knowledge of death, Last rites of parents.  
Navamsa Dasa, Sthira Dasa, Strength of signs: First source from Atmakarak and other planets, Second source from Jupiter etc, Third source by placement in quadrants etc. from Atmakarak, Fourth source from malefic associations, Shoola dasas for self, father, mother etc, Brahma Dasa, Chara Dasa, ketu is a benefic  
Chapter II Quarter 4 204-234
Second source of strength for Chara / Navamsa dasa, Dwara Bahya, Narayana Dasa (alias Padakrama), Karaka Kendradi dasa, other dasas from standared texts, Yogardha dasa, Drig Dasa, Trikona Dasa, Lagnadi Rasi Dasa (alias Sudasa) for wealth, Sub - period reckoning, special rule for satum (& Ketu).  
Chapter III Quarter 1 235-248
Rajyoga, Maharaja Yoga, Timing of Rajyoga, Conveyances, Horses & Elephants, Rajyogas, Timing & Yoga in distant places, Royal / Service, Royal birth, Panchmamsa, Royal emblems.  
Determining death inflicting signs, Finer points on Kakshya Vriddhi / Hrasa, Third Method of Longivity estimation from Lagna & Moon, Kashya Vriddhi / Hrasa, Rasi Vriddhi / Hrasa, Timing death, Judgement of Navamsa dasa, Brahma Dasa etc.
Chapter III Quarter 3 263-314
Place of demise, Fourth method of Longivity estimation, Death outdoor / indoor, Nature of death, Death by mistake, Dusta Marana Yoga Kidney ailments, Small pox etc, Planets in the eighth house and nature of death, the second& sixth signs in the navamsa from death inflicting planets, planets in such places in navamsa, Trimsamsa & Kauluka for disease, Rudramsa for death, Manduka dasa in Rudramsa and cause of death, Shastamsa for timing evils for self, parents, co-borns & relatives, spouse, children & enemies. Strength of signs in divisions to inflict death & other evils (Fourth source of strength explained in detail), Paryaya (Gochar) Dasas.  
Chapter III Quarter 4 315-334
Arudha, Upagrahas, Adhana Lagna, Father, Conception, Fertilization, Miscarriage, Fertilization, Semen and ovum, Varnada lagna, Conception, Foetus, Sperm, Con stitution of the Child. Sex of the Child, Mother's diseases, Complexion of the child, Principles, Birth of a child, Number of children, Twins, Deformed organs.  
Chapter IV Quarter 1 335-354
Deha, Parts of body, Growth of body, Illegal children, Varnada Lagna, details, Happy child, Unhappy child, Pious, Scholar, Wise. Judgement of Pranapada and adhana lagans.  
Chapter IV Quarter 2 355-36
Marakas, sign aspects, Dentition & Lips, Twins, Time of Delivery, Time measure, Defects of child, Child discarded, Janma lagna, Other Principles  
Chapter IV Quarter 3 367-402
Sex of the Child, Time of Birth, Longitude of lagna from adhana, Colour and Sex from Vighati. Varnada dasa, Complexion, Pranapada, Ghatika Lagna, Bhava Lagna, Vighati Lagna, Sex, Time of Delivery, Male or Female, Hora Lagna, Navamsa of Hora Lagna, Destruction of husband, Appearance, Nasty habits, death, Passionate wife, Character, Principles, Qualified Woman, application to divisions. Judgement from Varnada lagna, Lords of gestation, Judgement from Lords, Deformity of foetus, Appearance, Difficult delivery, Odd and even signs, Determination Difficult delivery, Odd and even signs, Determination of sex  
Chapter IV Quarter 4 403-414
Sons and daughters, Sex of Children, Menses and widowhood, posthumous delivery Copulation, Manner of copulation, Place of copulation, Immoral sex, Possibility of birth, Possibility of conception, Houses of children, Significators of children.  

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