Lectures on Vedic Language - A Rare Book

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Item Code: NAE410
Author: B.B. Chaubey
Language: English,Sanskrit
Edition: 2005
Pages: 66
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.5 inch x 6.0 inch
Weight 160 gm
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Book Description
About the Book

‘Lectures on Vedic Language’ as its title indicates, is a collection of three lectures, delivered by Prof. B.B. Chaubey, an eminent Vedic Scholar, under the Wilson phi logical endowment Lectures’ at the Deptt. Of Sanskrit Pali & Prakrit, University of Bombay.

The first lecture deals with the nomenclature, nature and various linguistic peculiarities of the Vedic Language. The Indian tradition frequently uses the terms’ Vak, Arsa, Chandas, Arya, Anvadhyaya, as various appellations of the Vedic language. The historicity of these appellations has been discussed for the first time here. As to the nature of Vedic language various theories have been proposed by many Western scholars, Among these ‘theory of Dravidaism, theory of Prakritism and the theory of contemporaneity of Vedic language with Avesta have been much discussed and it has been conclusively established that the Vedic language is the most ancient language of the world, hence the question of Dravida, Prakrita and Avesta languages influencing the Rgvedic language does not arise. These theories have been conclusively rejected.

The second lecture deals with the phonetic variations in the matter of pronunciation of various sounds which had developed in course of time with the appearance of many Sakhas of the four Vedas. Treatments of nasal sounds were quite peculiar in different.

The third lecture deals with the Vedic language and Accent with detailed discussion on accent logy and Accentography.


About the Author

Born on july 1, 1940 at vill & Po. Jawahin, Ballia (u.P.) Fourth son of shri narayan Choubey and Smt. Anjoria Devi. Primary and middle education village school ; matric and intermediate from R.S. Kisan Higher secondary school, Dubahar; B.A. (1959), M.A. (1961) and Ph.D.(1964) from B.H.U.; sahityaratna (1960) from Hindi sahitya Sammelan Prayag.

Served at Institute of Oriental Philosophy, Vrindaban (1965-66) and VVBIS & IS (P.U.) Hoshiarpur as lecturer, Reader and Professor-Director (1967-2002); Visiting Professor at MDS University, Ajmer (May 1, 1998-April 30, 1999).

Awarded Dr. V. Raghavan Prize (1974), Sanskrit Sahitya vishishta Puraskar by uttar Pradesh Sanskrit sansthan, Lucknow (1995),Bharatiya vidya BhavanPuraskar (1998), National Integration award 92000) by Himotkarsh Prashad Una (H.P); Honoured by the Hindi Sahitya academy Hoshiarpur (1993) and M.S. Rashtriya Veda vidya Pratishthan, Ujjain (2000), President award ‘Certificate of Honour’ (2004)

Elected sectional President of All India Oriental conference for Vedic section (1989, 93), south-East Asian studies (1994), technical sciences and fine arts (1997), Manuscript logy (1998), Philosophy and religion (2000), Vedic (2002)



I deem it a privilege to have been invited by the University of Bombay to deliver a series of three Extension Lectures on Vedic language under the ‘Wilson Phi logical Endowment Lectures’ at the department of Sanskrit, Pali and Prakrit, on February 18-20-1991. Veda being the most ancient literature of the world its language too, in which the Vedic seers ever expressed their intuitive knowledge to the mankind, was the earliest form of language, known to us so far. It was spoken throughout the sapta sindhu Pradesh, the cradle of Aryan culture. At that time a vast literature, known as mantra, came into existence in that very language of the seers. In course of time the same language took various shades, as no language, by nature, can remain even static. In course of time, a vast literature known as the samhitas, the bramanas, the Aranyakas and the upanisads came into existence, showing different linguistic shades in phonology morphology and the syntactical uses, due to both kala-bheda and desa bheda. Keeping the entire above mentioned Vedic literature under my purview for the lectures on Vedic language I chose upon following three topics for my lectures.

I. Vedic language: Nature and Scope.
II. Linguistic variations in Vedic Language: with special reference to Vedic Sakhas.

III. Vedic language and Accent

As per practice, the extension lectures are generally published by the inviting organisation, but due to a limited amount of fund sanctioned for the purpose, the Deptt. Of Sanskrit, Pali and Prakrit, University of Bombay could not publish them. These lectures remained unpublished for a long time, as I, too, was awfully busy in publication of my critical edition of the Vadhula-Srautasutra(1993), editing of ‘Sanskrit Vanmaya ka brhad itihasa’ Vol-I ‘ Vedakhanda” (1996), and many other academic works one after another Now I feel great pleasure in presenting a revised version of those lectures in book form in the hands of scholars and general readers interested in Vedic lore. In the third lecture dealing with ‘Vedic language and Accent’ I have added some more materials regarding Kampa Svra, which were not given in the lecture.

In preparing these lectures I have consulted works of various scholars working in this field and have cited from them either directly or indirectly. In this regard I would like to make special mention of the articles, viz., ‘About traces of a Prakrit dialectal basis in the language of the Rig-Veda’ by T.Y. Elizarenkova, ‘Avestique et dialectology RGvedique’ by Eric Pirarrt, ‘ReflectsDialectaux enVedique ancient’ by georges jean Pinault and “Tracing theVedic and ‘Tracing the Vedic Dialects’ By Michael Witzel, all Published in dialects Dans Les. Literatures Indo-Aryannes, from institute de civilization Indienne Paris, 1989. I am sincerely grateful to all of them.




  List of Abbreviations  
  Preface I-II
Lecture-I : Vedic Language: Nature and Scope 1-14
  1. Nomenclature 1
  I Vak 1
  ii Arsa 2
  iii Chandas 2
  iv Arya 3
  v Anvadhyaya 4
  vi Chando' Bhyasta 5
  2. Nature of the Vedic language 5
  Language of the Rgveda 6
  Theory of Dravidism 7
  Theory of prakrtism 7
  Rgvedic words having correspondences in Avesta 10
  3. Linguistic peculiarities of the RV 11
  I Phonology 11
  ii Morphology 12
Lecture-II: Linguistic variations in vedic 15-26
  Language: with Special Reference to the Vedic Sakhas 17
  1.Phonetical variations 17
  I Treatment of lr 18
  ii Treatment of l 19
  iii Treatment of Anusvara 20
  iv Treatment of final n before vowels 21
  v Trteatment of initial r after final a or a 22
  vi Treatment of a preceded 22
  vii treatment of a preceded 22
  viii Pronouncition of y and v 23
  ix pronounciation of s 23
  x ch-sch-and cch 23
  2 Morphological variations 23
  I Treatment of Gen. Fem. Sg. In 23
  ii The use of narrative perfect in place of imperfect 24
Lecture III: Vedic Language and Accent 27-49
  1. Source-material for the study of vedic Accentology 27
  systems of Vedic Accentuation 32
  i Seven-fold system (sapta-svara) 33
  i-ii Four-fold (catuhsvarya) and three-fold (traisvarya) systems 33
  iii Two-fold (dvi-svara) system 34
  iv Monotone (ekasruti or tanasvara)system 35
  3 Nature of Vedic Accent- 35
  I udatta 36
  ii Anudatta 36
  iii Svarita 37
  4. Vedic Kampa Svara 40
  Index 50-56

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