Panini: His Description of Sanskrit (An Analytical study of the Astadhyayi)

Item Code: ISL68
Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Author: Jag Deva Singh
Language: English
Edition: 1991
ISBN: 8121505311
Pages: 510
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.8" X 5.8"
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Book Description
From the Jacket:

This is a fresh look at Panini's Grammar from the viewpoint of data analyst and resulting rule formations. The author has taken the view that Panini must be rediscovered by following the path of data analysis and explores Panini's technique and offers a fresh insight.

Languages play a very large role in modern technology. The subject matter of computer and intelligent machines requires a deep under standing of the language phenomenon. India has Panini to offer to the world in this respect and Dr. Singh is making him more palatable and fathomable as model for understanding the process of dismantling and reassembling the linguistic structures. His keen analysis of Panini's Grammatical device offers a glimmer of hope for those who would like to review the spirit of Panini rather than worship the ancient gem of human kind. It is high time and fresh and aggressive insight and idea are offered to explore Panini. Panini himself would be proud to see his work come back to life above and beyond the rote that preserved it through the ages.

About the Author:

Dr. Jag Deva Singh, taught Linguistics at Kurukshetra University, and was a Visiting Professor at Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He was Pro-Vice-Chancellor, Maharashi Dayananda University, Rohtak and Senior Research Fellow, International School of Dravidian Linguistics. Currently he is Chairman of Grammar Engine, Incorporated, Westerville, Ohio - an organization devoted to research in natural and computer languages.

He has already published A Structural Grammar of Bangru and Beginning Sanskrit and has contributed several research papers on Indian linguistics. At present he is engaged in working out Panini's views on language, his theory of linguistic analysis and technique of description.



1. Paninina Proktam1
1. Panini and his astadhyayi1
2. Varieties of language described 2
3. Standard colloquial as basis of description2
4. Data for analysis4
5. Task before Panini

2. Linguistic Primes10
1. Duality of Primes: Phonological and Grammatical10
2. Grammatical Primes

3. Formation of Stems13
1. Stem, a grammatical unit13
2. Stem constituents13
3. Internal structure14
4. General features of stem formation

4. Derivative Verbal Stems17
1. General17
2. Bases of organization18
3. Derivatives in san22
4. To conclude

5. Formation of krt Stems25
1. Organization of Structural Statements25
2. Structural description27
3. Pairing of constituents35
4. Classification of constituents37
5. Listing of derivatives45
6. Deficient derivations46
7. Non-attestation of derivatives47
8. Role of meaning49
9. Upapada53
10. Two upapadas66
11. Indeterminate Relations

6. taddhita formation69
1. Structure of taddhita derivatives69
2. First of the syntactically related forms72
3. Endocentric and exocentric constructions75
4. Specification of constituents76
5. Identification of nuclear constituents78
6. Listing of derivatives82
7. Syntactic relations between constituents83
8. Types of bases83
9. Affixes89
10. Structural types of taddhita affixes91
11. Role of meaning92
12. Organization of statements

7. Nominal Compounds100
1. What is a compound?100
2. Structural description:101
3. Types of compounds102
4. Compounds and underlying potential phrases109
5. Selection of constituents120
6. Order of constituents124
7. Compound-like forms127
8. eka-sesa

8. Types of stems140
1. Verbal stems140
2. Classes of verbal stems142
3. Nominal stem types

9. Pada161
1. pada defined161
2. Role of pada in linguistic organization162
3. Structure of padas163
4. Structure of nominal padas164
5. Inflectional Suffixes164
6. Suffix alternants165
7. Bases of stem groupings165
8. Nominal stems and their alternation168
9. Structure of verbal pada170
10. vikarana suffixes172
11. Characterization of distribution of vikaranas177
12. Representation of syntactic Constructions182
13. Augments at etc. attached to stems183
14. Substitution and reduplication of stems184
15. Verbal stems185
16. Inflectional suffixes186
17. Augments attached to suffixes

10. Beyond pada: phrases192
1. General192
2. Phrases

11. Sentence and Discourse216
1. General216
2. Structure of a sentence:216
3. Expansion of core structure218
4. Non-Karaka relations between nominals218
5. Structure of causal sentences229
6. Types of Syntactic constructions233
7. How to account for the morphological shape of verbal forms here?235
8. Panini cuts the Gordian knot236
9. Interrogative Constructions237
10. Negative syntactic constructions240
11. Complex syntactic constructions243
12. Structural linkage247
13. Semantic relations261
14. Relative position in space267
15. Repetition of an action267
16. In order to269
17. Reason - hetu271
18. Condition and consequence271
19. Mutual agreement or apprehension273
20. Offence against custom274
21. Benediction or order274
22. Signalling of a future directive etc.275
23. 'Do and get'276
24. Desire to get something276
25. Comparison277
26. Discourse

12. Order of Constituents in Syntactic Constructions285
1. Nominal phrases285
2. Verb phrases287
3. Complex sentences and discourse

13. Grammatical categories

14. Representation of grammatical units330
1. Basic speech units330
2. Grammatical units and levels of representation331
3. Phonological representation as basic336
4. Realization of phonetic representation351
5. Phonological rules382
6. Symbols for various representations388
7. Table of inventories395
8. Terminology

Appendix 1 - Contents of the astadhyayi399
Appendix 2 - Technical terms in the astadhyayi420
Appendix 3 - List of sutras referred to in the text440
Appendix 4 - Select Bibliography468
The Author484

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