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Item Code: IDI707
Author: Dr. Rama Ghose, Sanskrit Text Edited By Vrajavallabh Dwivedi
Publisher: Shaiva Bharati Shodha Pratishthanam
Language: (Sanskrit Text with English Translation And Notes)
Edition: 2004
ISBN: 8186768319
Pages: 583
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.8" X 5.6
Weight 760 gm
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Book Description

About The Book

Agamas and Vedas, never apart, rather complementary to each other, are the revelation by the Supreme for the welfare of mankind. Both are the sources and ground of all the philosophical doctrines and the religious life of Hinduism. They emphatically assert the truth that is inherent in the philosophical teaching, the mystic experiences of spiritual life and intensively advocate the ritualistic aspect of religious life, elaborately deal with the spiritual sanctions and regulations of the worships.

In the history of Tantric literature, ten Saivagamas and eighteen Rudragamas have been recognised. Pauskar Agama maintains that all the twenty, eight Agamas, may it be daulistic or non-daulistic, are known as Sidhanta Agama. Paramesvara gama is one of them which consists a systematic and complete discussion regarding the Supreme Reality and hence is named as such wearing of Istalinga bestowed by Guru is the unique feature of virasaivism. Scripture consists a detailed description of Linga and casket along with the procedure of Initiation and Sacrifice. Virasaiva religious rites and rituals, the ascending stages of spiritual attainments have also of spiritual attainments have also been enunciated specifically worship of Istalinga on lotus-palm-seat is another basic rite of Virasaiva religion-propounds the scripture.

About The Author

Dr. Rama Ghose is a learned scholar of Saivism. She was awarded the esteemed Buch Prize for the best doctoral thesis in Philosophy in the year 1973 by Banaras Hindu University. She joined Arya Mahila Degree College, Varanasi in the year 1969 and since then has devoted herself wholeheartedly for the persuit of knowledge in the field of Philosophy and Religion. She has been studying all the source books and original scriptures of Agamas, especially Siddhantagamas.

She has also presented an authentic and critical interpretation of Tiruvarutpayan, a famous Tamil scripture of Saiva-Siddhanta which she could explain authoritatively because of her knowledge of Tamil language. This may be considered as rare distinction for a northern Indian scholar. She has faithfully and critically rendered into English Two Agamas, namely Candrajnanagama and Makutagama; the detailed introduction, notes and references on them have much been appreciated by the scholars. She has actively participated in the National and International Seminars and discourses and presented her research papers on Saivism in the philosophical conferences held at Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal. She has also attended the World Sanskrit Conference held in Italy and presented a research paper on Virasaivism. She is a deeply religious lady and devotes her entire leisure in persuit of ancient Indian philosophical thoughts and culture.


Contents vii-xvi
Blessings xvii-xix
Introduction xx-liii
Chapter 1: The Nature of Various Doctrines 1-21
Auspicious Prayer-Nature of Various Doctrines-Saugata-Vaidika-Saura-Vaisnava Doctrines-Seven-fold Saiva Doctrines-Ganapatya Doctrine-Six-fold Doctrines-Mixing of Various Doctrines Prohibited-Pancaksara Hymn-Enquiries and Replies Regarding Relative Hierarchy Among Various Doctrines-Glory of Virasaiva Discipline-Glory of Wearing Sacred Ash, Rudraksa and Linga-Enquiries Regarding the Term 'Vira'-The Term Vira-Glory of wearing 'Linga'-Diksa without wearing Linga, a Lapse-Glory of the Discipline of Virasaivism-Glory of Pancaksara Hyn-Glory of Sivalinga-Why Everybody should not Wear Linga-Procedure of Linga-worship-Glory of Sivayogi.  
Chapter 2: The Characteristics of Linga and Casket 22-41
Characteristics of Linga-Rules of Kecana-Two-fold Lingas-Movable and Immovable-Supremacy of the Worshipper of Istalinga-Four-fold Liberation-Preservation of Caralinga-Characteristics of Casket-Nature of Siva-thread-Tying of Sivasutra with Casket-Refuge in Guru for Initiation-Nature of Guru-Characteristics of disciple-Duties of Disciple-Process of Initiation-Duties on Destruction of Linga-Linga Bestowed by Guru to be Worn Lifelong-Change of Guru Prohibited.  
Chapter 3: The Procedure of Initiation 42-60
Construction of Canopy for Initiation-Duties for the Worshipper-Worship of Earthen Pitcher-Process of Initiation-Worship of Linga-Flowers for Worship-Procedure of Linga-worship-Ritual for Casket and Thread-Regular Rites for Initiated-Glory of the Sound of Bell-Ritual for Fourth-day Observances for Sivayogi-Glory of Linga and Wearing of Rudraksa    
Chapter 4: The Procedure of Sacrifice 61-76  
Various Sacrificial Pits-Ritual of Sacrifice-Ritual of Installation of Agni-Installation of Agni-Meditation of Rudra-Rituals of Jatakarma-Seven Tongues of Agni-Worship of Mekhlas-Prayer to Agni-Installation of Paridhi- Installation of the Bowl of Yanjna-Procedure of Sacrifice    
Chapter 5: Initiation for Wearing the Linga 77-97  
Assembling of Casket, Siva-thread and Istalinga-Hymn of Praise to Linga-Ablution of Linga-Wearing of the Sacred Ash-Wearing of Rudraksa-Worshipping Guru-Preaching of Hymn-Wearing of Lingas in Accordance with Aspirations-Initiated Disciple Ever Worships Linga-Discrimination of Caste and Creed Forbidden-Glory of Worshipping Linga-Non-discrimination Among the wearers of Linga-Non-discrimination Among the Wearers of Linga-Regular, Occasional, Purposive Worship-worshipping of the wearer of Linga-Rules for the Initiated-Purposive worship-Welcoming the Guest-Worship of Jangama-Maintaining the Needy-Duties obligatory for Sivayogi-Supremacy of the Doctrine of Virasaivism.    
Chapter 6: The Nature of Six Sthalas 98-118  
God Manifested as Six-sthalas-Satasthalas-Bhakta-sthala-Mahesvarasthala- Prasadisthala-Pranalingisthala-Saranasthala- Sivalingaikya-sthala- Glory of the Knowledge of Satasthala-Six-fold aspects of Mahesvara-six-fold Upangas- Bhakti-Cessation of Actions-Buddhi-Thought-Removal of Pride-Real knowledge-Relatedness of Anga and Upanga-Satasthala-Sixwaves-Six-fold Enemies-Different Means-Praising the Glory of Siva-Result of Singing the Glory of God.


Chapter 7: Seven-fold Saiva Disciplines 119-138  
Nature of Anadisaiva-Nature of Adisaiva-Nature of Anusaiva-Nature of Mahasaiva-Nature of Yogasaiva-Nature of Mahasaiva-Nature of Yogasaiva-Nature of Jnanasaiva-Similarities and Dissimilarities Among Doctrines-Virasaiva Discipline-Prohibition of Non-vegetarian Food-Hospitality-Eight-fold Protective Aura-Observances for Lingi-Collection of Flowers-Worships-Timings of Worship of Linga-Supremacy of Virasaivism-Siva worship-Virasaiva.


Chapter 8: Virasaiva Nature and Conduct 139-157  
An Enquiry into the Concept 'Vira' in Virasaivism-Nature of Vira-Eight-fold Characteristics of Celibacy-Instructions for Virasaiva Discipline-Besmearing of Sacred Ash-Prohibition of Washing the Hand after Besmearing-Chanting of Pancaksara Hymn-Singing of the Glory of Siva-Morning Worship-Hierarchy of Beings-Conduct of Virasaiva-Time of Worship-Rules for Collection of Alms by Jangamas-Hospitality of Jangama by House-holders.    
Chapter 9: Eminence of Virasaiva Discipline 158-176  
Liberation on Death in Kasi-Liberation on Mere Entering into Virasaiva Discipline-Prohibitions for Virasaiva-Characteristics of Virasaiva Devotee-Prohibition in Entrance in Virasaiva Discipline by Obstinacy alone-Similarity and dissimilarity Among Non-Lingi-Ascetic and Jangama-Special Features of Virasaiva Discipline-Characteristics of Virasaiva Jangama-Glory of the firm Determination (Nistha) Glory of virasaiva Discipline-Precautions for Virasaiva Devotee-Hierarchy in Saiva discipline-Avadhut is Virasaiva Himself.    
Chapter 10: Sivayoga 177-195
Four-fold Anadi etc. Saiva Discipline-Enquiry Regarding Yoga-saiva etc. Discipline-Clarification- Two-fold Yogasaiva-Yogasana-Procedure of Meditation-Contemplation of Divine Throne-Meditation of Siva-Contemplation of other Deities-Result of Meditation-Eight-fold Yoga-Dhyanasaiva-Virasaiva-Synonyms of virasaiva Yogi-Rules for virasaiva-Six-fold Disciplines for virasaiva-Glory of the Mercy-Glory of Chanting the Pancaksara Hymn.  
Chapter 11: Observance of the Recitation of Pancaksara Hymn 196-217
A Clarification-Five Syllable Hymn becomes Six Syllable-Glory of Pranava-Glory of Six Syllable Hymn-Pancaksara-The Saviour-Pancaksari Wisdom-Seed-letter of Pancaksari Wisdom-Sage, Metre, Deity-Presiding Deities and the Abodes of Syllable-Synonyms of the Pancaksari According to the Sages-Six Abodes-Mantra, Varna and Nyasa-Meditation-Procedure of Worship, Recitation and Oblation-Observance of Rites-Serving Guru for Initiation-Purification of Six Adhvas-Initiation of Mantra by Guru-Rites for Empowering the Hymns-Kinds of Recitation of Hymn-Three types of Recitation of Hymn-Sagarbha Japa-Japa with Meditation-Japa by Fingers-Special Result of Japa Obtained in a Cowshed etc.-Glory of Pancaksari Japa-Difference in Result due to Number-Attainment of Domain of Siva by Pancaksara.  
Chapter 12: The Nature of Jnanayoga 218-237
Jnanayoga and their Inter-relation-Three and Five kinds of Worship-Superiority of Internal Worship- Characteristics of the Superior Saiva-devotee-Nature, Kinds and Glory of Devotion-Glory of the disciplines of Siva-yogi-Four-fold path of Saiva Discipline-Necessity of Saiva Discipline-Glory of the Pancaksara Hymn-Pati, Pasu and Pasa-Virasaiva Initiation for the Removal of the Bondage-Nothing Superior to Siva-Relative Superiority of Beings-Glory of Reciting Name-Reverence Causes Devotion-Power of Devotion-Virtuous Conducts-Special Virtuous Conducts for Virasaivas.  
Chapter 13: Procedure of Worship on Lotus-Palm 238-255
The Characteristics of the Palm Among Various Seats (Pithas)-Nature of palm-Pitha-Contemplation of the Five Fingers as Pancabrahma Pancagni-Contemplation of Deities in Different Directions-Glory of Worship on the Lotus-palm-Procedure of Worship on Lotus-palm-Rules for the worship on the Lotus-palm-Procedure of Ablution-Consecrating Pot-Collection of Water for Ablution-Procedure of Worship After the Sacred Bath-Obligation to Observe the Rules-Infinite Results of the Worship on the Lotus-palm-Procedure of Worship to be Learned from Guru-All Divinities and Pilgrimages inhere in Lotus-palm-seat-Glory of Worshipping on Lotus-palm-seat.  
Chapter 14: Installation of Linga with Eight-fold Knots and Worship of Guru 256-273
Differentiated and Non-differentiated Linga-Specification and Wearing of Istalinga-Atonement on Destruction of Istalinga-Nature and Characteristics of Vessel-Nature of Siva-vessel-Welcome of Pilgrimage on the vessel-Description of the Base for the Vessel-Rules for the Worship on the Palm-Facing Direction in the Worship of Istalinga-Unity of Guru and God-Remembering Sadguru-Glory of the Divine Guru.  
Chapter 15: Classification of Virasaiva 274-291
Special Features of Virasaiva Discipline-Appreciation of the Queries of Goddess-Ignorant of Virasaiva Mystery Falls-Special Features of Virasaiva Discipline-Three Kinds of Virasaiva Discipline-nature of Samanya Virasaiva-nature of Visesa Virasaiva-Nature of Nirabhari Virasaiva-Duties of Nirabhari on the Loss of Istalinga-Abandoning Vows Ruins-Observer of vows Remains Happy-Rules to be observed for Nirabhari.  
Chapter 16: Six-fold Lingas 292-311
Enquiry Regarding Mercury Linga-Six-fold Lingas-Characteristics of Movable Linga-Characteristics of Immovable-movable Linga-Characteristics of Movable-immovable Linga-Characteristics of Movable-movable Linga-Non-differentiation in World, Linga and Body-Duties of Nirabhari-Characteristics and Dimensions of Linga-Eligibility for Entering into This Sect-Rules to be Observed by Nirabhari-Injunctions Regarding Ending Life on Loss of Linga-Turyavirasaivas do not Pay Obeisance-Fruitfulness of the Service to Nirabhari-Nature of Nirabhari-Result of Adoration of Truyavira-Glory of Turyavira Vow.  
Chapter 17: Classification and Description of Virasaiva 312-329
Classification of Saiva Order-Suddhasaiva-Misrasaiva-Margasaiva-Avantarasaiva-Turyavirasaiva-Description of Saiva Principles-Ten Virtues of Detached Saiva-Regular Duties of saiva-Rules for Bathing-Procedure for Making Sacred Ash-Besmearing the Sacred Ash-Glory of the Sacred Ash-Wearing of Rudraksa Garland-Rules of Begging for Renunciated-Conduct of Virasaiva Till His End-Five-fold Sacrifice for Viramahesvara-Infidel Dear to me if Passessing These Qualities.  
Chapter 18: Last Rites Procedure 330-351
Niryana Yaga-Directives to be Followed at the Time of Death-Duties for Son and Pupil at the Time of Departure-Carrier for the Body of Lingi-Procession of Carrier Towards the Place of Samadhi-Digging of Pit in a Sacred Place-Dimension of the Pit-Keeping the Dead Body into the Samadhi-Procedure for Burial of Wife Along with Husband-Prohibition for Burial of Pregnant Wife-Filling up the Grave-Construction of Samadhi-Installation of Preta-Linga Made of Earth-Construction of the Siva-Temple-Procedure of Worship-Worship of the Sacred Dais-Submission of Offerings After the worship of the Sacred Dais-Submission of Offerings After the Worship-Abandoning of the Bull Duly Scribed with the Sign of Linga-Duties in Niryanayaga-Construction of Garden-Virtuous Results of Niryanayaga-Special Procedures in Kartika-Conclusion of Niryanayaga.  
Chapter 19: Rites to be Performed on the Attainment Day 352-372
Guru and Disciple Tradition-Attainment of Status-Construction of Canopy Over Samadhi-Fulfilment of the Desirables-No Discrimination of Castes- Religious Disciplines for Non-privileged-Worship of Husband's Samadhi by Widow-Duties on the Day of union with Linga (Siva)- Religious Rites on Auspicious Days-Devotion is the Principal Means Equal-Paricipants Both in Virtuous and Sinful Deeds-Precaution in Siva-worship-Worshipping the Place of Samadhi-Glory of Donation in Samadhi Area-Installation of images on Samadhi-Glory of Worshipping Samadhi-Creator of Obstacles Falls Worshipping Samadhi-Creator of Obstacles Falls-Service of Samadhi by Disable-Duties for Widows.  
Chapter 20: Kinds of Initiation 372-391
No Initiation for Ineligible-Characteristics of the Eligible Person for Initiation-One Kalasa-Initiation for all Six Sects of Virasaivas-Eligibility for Entering into Virasaiva Order-The Initiation of Samanya Virasaiva with Three Pitchers-The Initiation of Turyavirasaiva with Five Pitchers-Turyavira Saivas are Beyond Assertions and Denials-Duties of Tyryavirasaiva-Turyavirasaiva Ends Life on the Loss of Linga-Prohibition of Eight Types of Sexual Activities-Procedure of Sacrificial Rite-Turyavirasaiva Lives Happily After Initiation-Enquiry Regarding the Relative Differences of the Doctrines-Anadisaiva Gradually Ascends to the Turyavirasaiva Stage-Differences Among the Anadisaiva Disciplines.  
Chapter 21: Nature of Jnana-yoga 392-411
Enquiry Regarding the Nature of Knowledge and Yoga-Enquiry Made by Krsna-Nature of Knowledge-Nature of Siva-Siva is all-Accomplishment by Jnana-yoga-How the Absolute Asumes the Nature of Jiva-World as the manifestation of Siva-sakti-nature of Soul-Maya-deluded Jiva Misconceives Atman-Non-differences Between Purusa and God-How an Indivisible Self Transmigrates From and God-How an Indivisible Self Transmigrates From One Sphere to Another-Play of Undivided Avidya-How Delusion Occurs-Delusion Occurs Due to Image and its Reflection-How the Pain Can Affect the Waveless Unperturbed Sea of Bliss-World-Drama Conducted by Your Power which is Inseparable From Me-This World is My Body-Pleasure and Pain are the Play of Intellecte-Being One You Assume Various Forms of Names, Forms as an Actor.  
Chapter 22: Glory of Devotion 412-432
Devotion is Higher than Sankhya-yoga-Unconditional Devotion is Supreme-Glory of Devotion-Devotee is Dearest to me-Devotion Bestows Inexhaustible Results-Devotion is the Supreme Attainment-Nature of Devotion-Origin of Devotion-Service o Guru Essential for Devotion-Origination of Knowledge and Yoga from Devotion-Non-devotee Suffers-Is Liberation Possible for a Non-devoted Lingi?-Lingi Crosses the Ocean of the World-Hierarchy of Various Doctrines-Most Secret Knowledge and its Aspects-Perfect Concentration on Siva is Supreme Yoga-Knowing World as False, One Becomes Siva.
Chapter 23: 433-436
How the Formless Becomes Substratum of the Universe-Causality Explained by the Example of Space and Air-How is Non-duality of Siva Established?-Earthen Poets are Only Earth-Upanisads Preach.  
Index of Half Verse 439-505
Bibliography 506-508
Variants 509-515
Index 516-530

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