Studies on Indian Medical History

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Item Code: IDE364
Author: Ed. By. G. Jan Meulenbeld & Dominik Wujastyk
Language: English
Edition: 2001
ISBN: 8120817680
Pages: 257
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 9.8" X 6.7"
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Book Description
From the Jacket:

This volume of studies presents the papers given at the second workshop of the European Ayurvedic Society, a group which was formed in Groningen in 1983. The volume is thus a sequel to Proceedings of the international workshop on priorities in the study of Indian medicine. The workshop was held over period of three days in September 1985, in the congenial surroundings of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine in London, and it provided a splendid opportunity for scholars in the field of Indian medical history to meet in one place, and to share the latest research in their respective area.

The studies here collected present an unusually wide variety of approaches to the study of the healing arts in India. The historical sources used rage from ancient Sanskrit manuscripts and Tibetan blockprints, through nineteenth century Indian newspapers and government reports, to conversations held in the consulting rooms of contemporary Ayurvedic doctors. While each approach is both valid and valuable in its own terms, their combination in the medical history which transcends the barriers between scholarly disciplines and gives the reader some sense of the vastness of the subject.

The book is divided into three complementary parts: 'The reflects both a division in the source materials, and the different scholarly skills required to exploit them, those of the Indologist, the historian, and the medical anthropologist and pharmacognosist.

About The Author:

Gerrit Jan Meulenbeld was born in 1928, in Borne (Netherlands). After studying medicine and Sanskrit at the State University of Utrecht (1946-1954) he specialized in psychiatry (1956-1961) and psychotherapy. He was a member of the psychiatric staff of the Deltaziekenhuis (Portugal) during the years 1961-1978. In 1978, he joined the psychiatric staff of the Dr S. van Mesdagkliniek (Groningen); at the same time he began teaching Sanskrit and Ayurveda at the Institute of Indian Studies of the State University of Groningen, where he remained on the staff of until 1986. He is the author of a doctoral thesis on the Madhavanidana, published in 1974, and of several articles on various aspects of Sanskrit medical literature.

Dominik Wujastyk was born in London, and spent much of his childhood in Africa and Malta. He currently works at the Wellcome Library in London, where he is a curator of Sanskrit manuscripts. His monograph publications include Metarules of Paninian Grammar (1993) and The Roots of Ayurveda (1998).

I.The classical traditionxv
1. Reflections on the basic concepts of Indian pharmacology
G. Jan Meulenbeld
  The basic concepts5
  Taste: Rasa5
  Post-digestive taste: Vipaka9
  Potency: Virya10
  Specific action: Prabhava13
2. On the identification of a Vedic plant
Rahul Peter Das
  The case o pata19
  Boars, truffles and soma22
  Eagles and high places24
  Mythical and magical alternatives27
  Further references in the Kashmiri Atharaveda 30
  Some synonyms33
  Red tubers?36
3. Carakasamhita, Sarirasthana I and Vaisesika philosophy
Antonella Comba
  Previous accounts39
  Mind (manas) and its relation to self (atma)44
  The atmalingas49
4. Epilepsy according to the Rgyud-bzi
R. E. Emmerick
  Introductory remarks57
  Text of Rgyud-bzi iii. 7964
  Translation of Rgyud-bzi iii. 7965
  Text and translation of Vagbhata67
5. Vaidurya
Marianne Winder
  The Tibetan Medicine Buddha85
  Beryl, cat's eye or lapis lazuli?86
  In the Pali canon88
  Something very special92
  Chrysoberyl and aquamarine92
  Chinese interpretations93
  Babylonian appreciation of lapis lazuli93
6. Les carres magiques dans la medecine indienne
Arion Rosu
  Literature ayurvedique 96
  Sources non medicales99
  Croyances popularies101
  Tradition islamique102
7. On Madhavacikitsa
Johannes Laping
II.Colonial interactions 109
8. India and European practitioners of medicine from the sixteenth century
T. J. S. Patterson
  The Portuguese in India 111
  The Dutch in the East Indies112
  The English East India Company114
  The eighteenth century116
  The Enlightenment 117
  The establishment of Indian medicine120
9. 'A Pious Fraud:' The Indian claims for pre-Jennerian smallpox vaccination
Dominik Wujastyk
  Calvi Virumbon and the Madras Courier of 1819 123
  A Brahmin from Oude and a Doctor of Bisnopore126
  Bruce on the Persian evidence129
  French and Italian encyclopaedias130
  The early British medicial historians133
  The introduction of vaccination into India 138
  Resistance to vaccination into India 140
  The preparation of vernacular tracts 142
  Lord Ampthill and the King debate146
  A closer look at Virumbon's verses151
10. The establishment of 'Native Lunatic Asylums' in early nineteenth-century British India
Waltraud Ernst
  The 1818 inquiry in Bengal157
  Native lunatic asylums in Bengal in the 1830s and early 1840s 171
  The inquiries into the kind and the results of treatment in Native Lunatic Asylums (1852-1854)176
III.Modern observations189
11. Centella asiatica (L.) Urban in perspective: an evaluative account
R. P. Labadie and K. T. D. De Silva
  New directions204
12. The results of an analysis based on a video of consultations in five ayurvedic medical practices
D. von Schmadel and B. Hochkirchen
  The doctor-patient relationship207
  The doctors' and patients' shares of the consultation210
  The phase of the consultation 210
  The phases in detail211
  Further analyses212
  Conclusion 213
13. Contrasting treatment of witches in three communities in Mewar
G. M. Carstairs
14. Dialogue in research on traditional Indian medicine
Johannes Laping
The contributors223

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