Tantric Forms of Ganesa

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Item Code: IDK823
Publisher: D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Author: Gudrun Buhnemann
Edition: 2008
ISBN: 8124604533
Pages: 156 (12 B/W Illustrations)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 9.9" X 6.3"
Weight 480 gm
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Book Description
From The Jacket

Although the number of publications dealing with Ganesa is not insignificant, few take original Sanskrit texts into consideration. The Tantric aspects of the deity have certainly been studied took little. This book contributes to our knowledge of this less familiar side of Ganesa. It describes his forms according to the Vidyarnavatantra, a large compilation on mantrasastra Attributed to Vidyaranya Yati and compiled around the seventeenth century. This text gives the iconographic peculiarities, mantras, and Yantras of fourteen forms of Ganesa as well as instructions for the ritual application of the mantras.

Gudrun Buhnemann is Professor of Sanskrit and South Asia Religions in the Department of Languages and Cultures of Asia, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. Her recent Publications include the Iconography of Hindu Tantric Deities (2 volumes, E. Forsten 2000-2001); Mandalas and Yantras in the Hindu Tradition (E.J. Brill, 2003, revised edition by D.K. Printworld, 2007); and Eighty-four Asanas in Yoga : A Survey of Traditions (with Illustrations) (D.K. Printworld, 2007).



The following study describes the forms of Ganesa/Ganapati occurring in the Vidyarnavatantra (=VT), a large compilation on mantrasastra attributed to Vidyaranya Yati. This text gives the iconographic peculiarities, mantra, and Yantras of the special forms of Ganesa as well as instructions for the ritual application of the mantras. The information gathered from this text has been compared with descriptions found in other Tantras and works on iconography. I have also tried to include references to visual representations of such forms as far as they agree with the description in the VT. In 1986 I undertook two trips to South India, where I examined photographs of Ganesa sculptures kept in the archives of the institut francais d'indologie, Pondicherry, and visited many important temples to photograph the sculptures. In the same years I consulted the photo archives of the American Institute of Indian Studies, Ramnagar-Varansi, and visited museums in North India, such as Mathura, Gwalior, and Khajuraho, to obtain further material. However, identification of the sculptures presents many problems as the attributes are not always clear and the sculptures are often mutilated. Very few specimens agree with the descriptions provided in the VT.

Although the number of publications dealing with Ganesa is not insignificant, the Tantric aspect of this deity has not been investigated and a study from this point of view is necessary. Ganesa is also worshipped in South-East Asia, Nepal, Tibet, and Japan, but only material from India has been included here for comparison.

For valuable suggestions I am indebted to Prof. K.S. Arjunwadkar and Dr. R.P. Goswami, Pune. I wish to thank Charles Pain, Berkeley, for improving my English; the staff members of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune, and the Institut francais d'indologie, Pondicherry, and particularly Dr. N.R. Bhatt, for their cooperation; Dr. S.S. Janaki, Madras (Chennai), for providing some information in connection with Muthusvami Dikshitar's compositions; the staff members of the Government Oriental Manuscripts Library, Madras (Chennai), for providing a transcript of a chapter of the Prayogasara; and the university Manuscripts Library, Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram), for allowing me to consult a manuscript of the Yantrasara. Finally, I wish to thank the Indian Council of Historical Research, Delhi, for supporting my research with a grant.


Foreword to The Reissue of This Book

This edition is in large part a reissue of my book forms of Ganesa: A Study Based on the Vidyarnavatantra (published in 1989 by the Institut fur Indologie, Wichtrach, Switzerland) with minor corrections and update information worked into the text. The original edition, which is out of print now, received positive book reviews in academic journals but had only a limited circulation. It has not been available in South Asia due to the absence of a distributor and the high cost of the book.

Although a number of books and articles on Ganesa have appeared in recent years, adding to an already large body of literature on the deity, only a few take original Sanskrit texts on Ganesa into consideration. The Tantric aspects of the deity have certainly been studied too little. I hope that this book will contribute to our knowledge of this less familiar side of him. Since the publication of forms of Ganesa, I brought out the two-volume work The Iconography of Hindu Tantric Deities (Groningen, 2000-2001) in which descriptions of deities have been extracted from the Prapancasara, Saradatilaka and Mantramahodadhi – among them, several Tantric forms of Ganesa. Volume I of the work (pp. 4 and 14) includes some new research on the date of the Vidyarnavatantra (which) I chose to call Srividyarnavatantra in that volume), suggesting that the Tantra was compiled after 1588 and before 1726.


  Preface vii
  Foreword to the Reissue of this Book ix
  Abbreviations xi
  Introduction 1
1. Ekaksara-Ganapati 35
2. Viri-Ganapati 40
3. Lakshmi-Ganapati 44
4. Sakti-Ganapti 47
5. Ksipraprasadana-Ganapati 51
6. Heramba 54
7. Sbrahmanya-Ganapati 58
8. Maha-Ganapati 62
9. Trailokyamohana-Ganapati 74
10. Sakti-Ganapati II 75
11. Bhogalola-Ganapati 77
12. Haridra-Ganapati 79
13 Vakratunda-Ganapati 86
14. Ucchista-Ganapati 92
  List of Illustrations 102
  Plates 103
Bibliography   114
A. Texts and Translation 114
B. Secondary literature 117
A. Names of Deities and Seere 120
B. Sanskrit Terms and bijas 129
C. Attributes and Colours 133
D. Materials, Rites, and Results 136
E. General Index 141

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