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तत्त्वबिन्दुः: Tattvabindu By Vacaspatimisra with Tattvavibhavana

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Item Code: UAO015
Author: V. A. Ramaswami Sastri
Publisher: Bharatiya Kala Prakashan
Language: English & Sanskrit
Edition: 2009
ISBN: 9788180902161
Pages: 372
Cover: HARDCOVER
Other Details 8.80 X 5.80 inch
Weight 600 gm
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Book Description
ABOUT THE BOOK
The Tattvabindu of Vacaspatimiśra with the commentary called Tattva vibhavana of Parameśvara II of Payyür Bhattamana.

This edition of Vacaspatimisra's Tattvabindu and of its commentary Tattvavibhāvana by Parameśvara II is based on (1) a transcript of a manuscript Tattvavibhavana preserved in the Madras Government Oriental Manuscripts Library, and (2) the Benares Edition of the Tattvabindu. Since the commentator has made it a rule to quote the full text by parts before commenting on it.

Vacaspatimisra's Tattvabindu is a short and highly difficult text. In his characteristically rhythmic and stately diction, Vacaspatimiśra reviews in the Tattvabindu, the Vaiyakarana doctrine of Sphota, mainly as expounded by Bhartṛhari and Mandanamiśra, and amplifies and reaffirms Kumarila's criticism of Sphota doctrine.

The elaborate and scholarly intro duction, giving a historical sketch of the Mimansa literature, and the thorough going analysis of the Tattvabindu, in English, which the learned editor has prefixed to his edition of the work.

PREFACE
This edition of Vacaspatimiśra's Tattvabindu and of its commentary Tattvavibhavana by Parameśvara II is based on (1) a transcript of a manuscript Tattvavibhavand preserved in the Madras Government Oriental Manuscripts Library, and (2) the Benares Edition of the Tarvabindu. Since the commentator has made it a rule to quote the full text by parts before com menting on it, his text has been accepted for this edition. But the many lacunae in the text have been filled up with the help of the printed book. The readings both in the text and the com mentary are however found defective in some instances, and suggestions of better readings are given in brackets. The commentary is indispensable for a correct apprecia tion of the intricacies of Vacaspatimisra's thought and style. Parameśvara II who lived more than half a millennium after Vacaspatimiśra, considers occasionally the interpretations of the earlier commentators on the Tattvabindu and the various readings of the text. In its Sphotakhandana section he cites kärikäs and prose passages from the Sphotasiddhi of Mandana miśra and advances the important and interesting view that the first part of the Tattvabindu contains a direct refutation of the views of Mandanamiśra on the theory of Sphora. Paramesvara II was no doubt thoroughly familiar with all the works of Kumarila, probably including the Bṛhattika, and of Prabhakara with Salikanatha's commentaries thereon. He was equally familiar with other authoritative works like the Nayaviveka and the Vivekatattva, and he has displayed in his work a critical estimate of both the Bhatta and Prabhakara schools of Mimämsä Consequently he offers to students of Mimämsä Sastra solutions for many knotty problems concerning the historical and the doctrinal sides of this Sastra. It now remains for me to acknowledge the help I have received in editing this work. I owe a deep debt of gratitude to my friend and colleague Brahmaśrī K.A. Sivaramakrishna Sastrigal Avl., Vedanta and Vyakarana Siromani, Pandit in Sanskrit, and to my friend and teacher Brahmasri S.K. Ramanatha Sastrigal Avl., Lecturer in Sanskrit, Madras University, for their valuable suggestions in the fixing up of the text and to my friend M.R.Ry. R. Satyanatha Ayyar Avl., M.A., L.T., Lecturer in History, for his valuable suggestions in the preparation of the historical portions of the Introduction. I am profoundly grate ful to Professor K. Rama Pisharoti, M.A., L.T., Professor of Sanskrit, for his kindness in revising the manuscript of my In troduction. It is difficult for me to adequately thank my re vered Professor Mahámahopadhyaya Darsana-kalanidhi Vidya vacaspati Kulapati S. Kuppuswami Sastrigal Avl., M.A., L.E.S., Retired Professor of Sanskrit and Comparative Philology, Presi dency College, Madras, for the kindness and readiness with which he has enriched this work with his FOREWORD. I sincerely thank Pandit Lakshmana Sastri Tailang for having allowed me to incorporate in this edition the Tippani of his late brother, MM. Manavalli Gangadhara Sastri. I cannot forget the great help that my friend Brahmári Vedäntälankära Vedanta Siromani T.V. Rama-chandra Dikshitar Avl., Professor of Vedanta, Sanskrit College, Mylapore, Madras, has rendered me in suggesting almost all the improvements to the printed text incorporated in Appendix V.

FOREWORD
In compliance with the request of my friend and former pupil Mr. V.A. Ramaswami Sastri, M.A., Mimämsä Širomani, Lecturer in Sanskrit of the Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, I gladly write this short Foreword.

Mr. V.A. Ramaswami Sastri has rendered a highly valu able service to Sanskrit scholars who are interested in the study of advanced Sastraic texts in the original, by bringing out a very reliable edition of Vacaspatimiśra's Tattvabindu, together with the commentary called Tattvavibhavana by Parameśvara II, of the Kerala country. Vacaspatimiśra belongs to the middle of the ninth century A.D. and Parameśvara II flourished in the Porkulam village of Kunnankulam, near Guruvayur, in the Cochin State, in the former half of the fifteenth century A.D.

Vacaspatimisra's Tattvabindu is a short and highly diffi cult text. In his characteristically rhythmic and stately diction, Vácaspatimiśra reviews in the Tattvabindu, the Vaiyakarana doctrine of Sphota, mainly as expounded by Bhartṛhari and Mandanamiśra, and amplifies and reaffirms Kumārila's criti cism of Sphota doctrine. Bharthari and Mandana in their ex position of the sphota doctrine worked out fully the onto-logi cal implication involved in what may be described, in terms of modern psychology, as a Gestalt view of the experience relat ing to the complete and self-contained significative unit, called sentence (väkya), by establishing the doctrine of abdadvaita and reconciling it with the Upanisadic doctrine of Brahma dvaita. The substantival pluralism of the Mimamsakas, both of the schools of Kumarila and Prabhakara, set its face against all kinds of Advaitism and was opposed to Bharthari's Sabda dvaita. Though Vacaspatimiśra was one of the greatest Advaitins and was dominated, in a large measure, by the spirit of philosophical accommodation which characterised Mandana's great Advaitic classic-Brahmasiddhi, he chose to maintain, in his Tattvabindu, the attitude which Kumarila adopted towards the doctrine of Sphota in his Slokavárttika. The Commentary-Tattvavibhavana-which is incorporated in this edition, is lucid and very helpful in understanding the text of Vacaspatimiśra. Though this commentary is gener ally reliable, it must be said that the learned commentator nods in some places. For instance, the commentator has adopted a defective reading-पट्वभ्यासाहिता हि भावना प्रबोधवती स्मृतिः संगीयते", and he has entirely missed the meaning of the technical terms used in this text. By the way it may be observed that the correct reading of this text is :- “पट्वभ्यासादरप्रत्ययाहिता हि भावना प्रबोधवती fe:" as given in the footnote; and that this text refers to the three types of cognitions which are capable of being reproduced in memory-viz., पटुप्रत्यय, अभ्यासप्रत्यय and आदरप्रत्यय and which Prasastapada describes in his Padarthadharmasangraha in the Samskara section of the gunagrantha.

The elaborate and scholarly introduction, giving a his torical sketch of the Mimamsă literature, and the thorough going analysis of the Tattvabindu, in English, which the learned editor has prefixed to his edition of the work, greatly enhance the value of this edition as an important book of reference. I heartily congratulate Mr. Ramaswami Sastri on this substan tial and scholarly contribution, which he has made, in his edition of the Tattvabindu, to the printed Sastra literature in Samskrit and to the study of Indian Philosophy in general.

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