The signs of a Mahapurusha are there, including the prominent Ushanisha
(protuberance at top of the head), elongated earlobes and trinali (three
lines) mark on the neck. His body is slim and slender. The eyes are
half-closed and are inward-looking in meditation. The facial expression is
calm, expressing compassion and serenity. His hair is arranged in small
The Sakyamuni was born in the Lumbini garden (Nepal) in 563 B.C. and was
given the name Siddharth. His father king Suddhodana was the ruler of the
Shakya Republic of Kapilvastu. His mother queen Mahamaya died seven days
after his birth. Siddharth showed meditative bent of mind from his
childhood. He was married at sixteen to Yasodhara and had a son, Rahula. At
the age of 29 years he relinquished the worldly life and went to the forest,
meditated as a hermit for six years to search for the truth behind the
nature of suffering. Siddhartha finally attained enlightenment and became
Buddha at the age of 35 in Bodhgaya. Subsequently, he spread the law of
Dhamma among the suffering beings till his Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar (U.
P.) in 483 B.C. at the age of eighty.
D. L. Snellgrove, The Image of the Buddha, New Delhi, 1978.
A. Getty, The Gods of Northern Buddhism, Tokyo, 1962.
A. Waddell, Buddhism and Lamaism of Tibet, New Delhi, 1978 (reprint).
This description by Dr. Shailendra Kumar Verma, Ph.D. His doctorate thesis
being on the "Emergence and Evolution of the Buddha Image (from its
inception to 8th century A.D)."
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