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Artha Meaning

Artha Meaning
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Item Code: IDF420
Author: Jonardon Ganeri
Publisher: Oxford University Press, New Delhi
Language: English
Edition: 2017
ISBN: 9788120841222
Pages: 268
Cover: Paperback
Other Details: 8.8" X 5.8"
weight of the book: 512 gms
From the Jacket:

A word has the power to stand for an object. And the capacity to understand words gives people the power to acquire knowledge. This relationship between a semantic and an epistemic power has been a core concern for Indian philosophers of language down the ages.

In this second volume in the foundations of philosophy in India series (the first was Cit: Consciousness by Bina Gupta), Jonardon Ganeri examines theories of meaning or artha. He discusses approaches in different schools of thought: Grammarian, Mimamsika, Buddhist, early Naiyayika, Navya Naiyayika, and Vedantin, highlighting the significant relationship between 'word' and 'meaning/ knowing/ knowledge'.

He focuses primarily on the Navya-Nyaya school, especially its two tenets: that the central function of a word is to stand for an object, and that a language is essentially a device for the reception of knowledge. This approach is in marked contrast to the position generally exhibited in western literature until recent times. Ganeri probes further the tension between these two tenets. He also elucidates on the important changes brought about by the introduction of modes of thought in the theory of meaning.

An important contribution to the philosophy of language, this volume demonstrates that classical Indian theory of language can inform and be informed by contemporary philosophy.

Students and scholars of philosophy and linguistics, history, sociology, and anthropology, as well as those working on philosophical and liturgical texts will find this book an enlightening and rewarding read.

About the Author:

Jonardon Ganeri is Reader in Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, University of Liverpool, UK.

List of Symbols VIII


Part I
Meaning and Meanings
1. Artha: Meanings as Entities 9
1.1 The Realist Theory of Meaning
1.2 Meanings as Generalities (Jatisaktivada)
1.3 Meanings as Bare Particulars (Vyaktisaktivada)
1.4 Meanings as Qualitied Particulars (Visistasaktivada)

2. Sakti: Meaning as a Relation 34
2.1 A Meaning Theory for Philosophical Sanskrit
2.2 The 'Infinity' and 'Discrepancy' Arguments
2.3 Meanings as Grounds of Use

Part II
Testimony and Meaning
3. Karaka: Meanings in Composition 53
3.1 Semantic Role and Logical Form
3.2 Compounds and Complex Descriptions

4. Sabdabodha: Meaning and Structure of Understanding 73
4.1 Testimony Principles and Communication
4.2 Idiolect Meaning
4.3 Public Meaning and the Role of Mandates

5. Sabda-pamana: Meaning and Knowing 98
5.1 Knowing: A Linguistic Analysis
5.2 Towards a Theory of Testimony
5.3 Testimony and Semantic Structure

Part III
The Cognitive Basis of Meaning
6. Pravrttinimitta: The Basis of Linguistic Practice 129
6.1 The Basis of Meaning
6.2 The Abverbial Modification of Thought
6.3 Nyaya Modes, Fregan Senses, and Discriminatory Capacities

7. Sakyatavacchedaka: Delimiting the Reach of Reference 159
7.1 On the Form of a Meaning Theory
7.2 Raghunatha's Ausetere Theory of Meaning

Part IV
Special Cases
8. Paribhasiki; The Meaning of Names 179
8.1 Therotical Names
8.2 Proper Names and Direct Reference
8.3 Diagnostic Stipulations
8.4 Descriptivism: A Nyaya Theory Defended

9. Sarvanama; Indexicality and Pronominal Anaphora 205
9.1 Changing Reference, Constant Meaning
9.2 Pronouns, Anaphora, and Speakers' Thoughts
9.3 The Pragmatic Theory of Anaphora
9.4 Quotation and Reference

Bibliography 237
Index 251

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