Clinical Anatomy in Ayurveda

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Item Code: IDK192
Publisher: Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office
Author: Suresh Chandra and Dinkar Govind Thatte
Language: sanskrit Text with English Translations
Edition: 2018
ISBN: 9788170802563
Pages: 212 (Throughout B/W & Colour Illustrations)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.5 * 5.5
Weight 420 gm
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Shipped to 153 countries
Shipped to 153 countries
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Book Description

Authors realized the need to write a book on "Clinical Anatomy in Ayurveda", when they were involved in teaching Anatomy to the post graduate students of Sharir Rachna at state Ayurvedic College, Lucknow. They not only felt the need to write this book but also felt nice to write a book on the subject. Having realized this fact, they started tracing the insight vision concerning Clinical Anatomy available in Ayurvedic literature like that in Charaka, Sushruta, Vagabhat and Sharangadhar Samhita. They succeeded in their attempt and could find out rich subject matter concerning clinical anatomy in Sanskrit quotations mentioned in these texts. Though in many diseased conditions Nidan and Samprapti have been elaborately discussed based on Tridosh theory. But the detailed change in the structural pattern of Anatomy involved in the disease has not been highlighted. Therefore authors have made strenuous efforts to correlate the effects of vitiated Dosh on the diseased organs and their neighbouring structures. Therefore every Ayurvedic professional must know something about the anatomical changes or variations, which follow the process of samprapti before and after the onset of Roga (Disease). He should also know what changes have actually happened at the anatomical level before he plans Chikitsa of a Chikitsa Purush. Because of these lacuna in the knowledge, authors resolved to write this book not only for graduates or postgraduates students but also for Ayurvedic clinicians.

Authors are happy to present this book in the hands of Ayurvedic scholars and hope that the book will prove most useful.


From the Jacket


Surgical Anatomy in Ayurveda
Prof. D.G. Thatte

There is great need to explore the subject of Surgical Anatomy mentioned in Ayurvedic text. Prof. Thatte felt it nice to write a book on Surgical Anatomy in Ayurveda. When objective is to prepare a scholar of Ayurveda, well equipped with the basic knowledge of Anatomy Essentially required for becoming a successful Ayurvedic surgeon. Ayurvedic surgeon must know Anatomical changes or variations which follow as sequele of a Trauma or any surgical problem. He must know pathological changes which have taken place at the Anatomical level. Publisher is happy to present this book written by an erudite scholar of Ayurveda, very shortly in the hands of Ayurvedic physicians surgeons and scholars of 21st century.


Dr. Nandini Dilip Dhargalkar

This book strictly covers 'word to word' syllabus by Central Council of Indian Medicine for BAMS course. Each Topic in this book is elaborated in simple English with references from compendia. Learning objectives are given in the beginning of each chapter whereas 'additional comments', which are useful for PG course in this subject as well for scholars and enthusiastic learners are provided at the end of chapter.

Author of this book, Prof. Dr. Nandini Dilip Dhargalkar is awarded Sharadini Dahanukar Best Teacher Award in June 2006. She is senior-most faculty in this subject teaching for twenty-six years. She is examiner, paper setter for Pune University, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Nashik.

Honorable CCIM President Dr. Mr. Shriram Sharma in his foreword commented on this book as the best book for Ayurvediya Sharira-kriya. The book is enriched with modern physiology as and when required. Extra references have been added fr wide reading to achieve deep knowledge of the subject. Latest researches have been considered while offering additional comments.

This book will surface and satisfy both teachers of this subject and students of undergraduate as well as postgraduate Course.


Back of the Book


A Text Book of Human Anatomy in English
Prof. D.G. Thatte.

The present book is the most exploring book on the human anatomy from Ayurvedic point of the view while correlating the same with the modern knowledge acquired over the period of time. The book is one of the most delightful treats for an inquisitive mind wishing to understand the anatomy of the human body with the deep rooted knowledge as described in Ayurvedic texts by great scholars of all times including Sushurta Samhita Charak Samhita, Ashtang Hridaya and others. This book is an earnest attempt to explore the knowledge to its deepest origin based on the principle of "believe in what you see" or in other words how Ayurvedic scientists look into the body, what they conceived, perceived and observed. The author has critically taken not of all the descriptions and after correlating the same with his own experienced acquired over five decades of his association with Ayurveda and has tried to present the most impartial and acceptable view regarding the mysteries of human body.

The whole book has been prepared on the basis of different disciplines of human anatomy such as Garbh Sharir, Sira Dhamni Sharir, Srotas Sharir, Asthi Sharir, Marma Sharir, Peshi Sharir, Indriya Sharir, Tantrika Sharir, etc. This chapterwise description is again important for graduate and postgraduate level scholars of Ayurveda. From the examination point of view of the book covers the syllabus approved by the Central Council of Indian Medicine, Delhi and a number of other Universities and Colleges imparting the education in the faculty of Ayurveda.

Attempt has been made to provide a systematic stream of knowledge which may be able to develop scientific intent in the minds of the readers.

The author feels that with the changing global scenario and transformation of the world into global village, it becomes imperative to come up with an authorartive text on Ayurvedic, which may be able to provide opportunity to those coming from non-Hindi speaking regions of India as well as from abroad.

Understanding of human anatomy is the very basis for initiating a study into any healthcare system. Ayurveda is no exception, however there has been an earnest requirement for providing a good Ayurvedic text book on human Anatomy with pictorial presentation. The present book fills the void.


About the Author

Prof. Suresh Chandra is a Professor and Head of the Post Graduate Department of Rachna Sharir at State Ayurvedic College, Lucknow since last four years. For more than last twenty five years he has been teaching subject of Sharir to the student's in wide range of Government Ayurvedic Colleges of Uttar Pradesh such Government Ayurvedic College, Gurukul Kangri, Hardwar, and Government Ayurvedic College Atarra (Banda) and now at Lucknow. He received M.D. (Ayurveda) Sharir degree from Lucknow University, Lucknow in the year 1982. He has many valuable papers to his credit, which have been published in National Journals of Ayurveda. He also presented most laudable scientific papers in different scientific seminars and workshops organized by Ayurvedic Institutions of the country. Prof. Suresh Chandra is recipient of the prestigious late Bhaskar Govind Ghanekar "Best Sharir Teacher" award of the country and also late Laxmi Bai Thatte "Best M.D. thesis:" award from All India Sharir Research Institute, Lucknow. He has been honoured with a title of "National Dissector" in Dissection Methodology Training Programme organized by All India Sharir Research Institute, Lucknow. He possess skilled hand for meticulous cadaveric dissection. He is supervisor of number of M.D. and Ph.D. thesis and also expert member and examiner in Universities of India.

Prof. D.G. Thatte is a retired professor Sharir and Additional Director of Ayurvedic and Unani education Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow. He has been teaching the subject of Sharir (Human anatomy and physiology) for the last forty year. He received his bachelor's degree in Ayurveda from Faculty of Indian Medicine, Lucknow University, Lucknow in the Year 1957 with a Gold Medal Immediately after his completion the job of House officer and R.M. officer, he was appointed as Demonstrator in anatomy at State Ayurvedic College, Lucknow. He rose to the level of Professor and Head of the Post Graduate Department of Sharir at State Ayurvedic College, Lucknow and then as Principal cum Superintendent of the College. Finally he retired as Additional Director of Ayurvedic and Unani education Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow. He also got an opportunity to work as Visiting Professor in the Faculty of Ayurvedic, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. Presently he is Guru of Sharir Rachna at National Ayurveda Academy (Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth) New Delhi an Undertaking of Govt. of India, New Delhi.

He is first founder President/Director of "All India Sharir Research Institute" Lucknow and still holding the same responsibility. He has been honoured by Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth as "Ratna Sadasya" for his laudable services for Ayurveda. He has received number of prestigious state and national awards for his contribution in the filed of Sharir. He has written more than a dozen of original books concerning Sharir.

Professor Thatte, has also been awarded the certificate of "Excellence in Ayurveda" by the Ayurveda Academy, Pune and "Life Time Achievement Award" by National Intergrated Medical Association U.P. State Branch at Aligarh. He has authored more than a dozen of original books concerning Sharir, which are most useful for Under Graduate and Post Graduate Scholars of Ayurvedic College of India. These books have been recognized by the Central Council of Indian Medicine New Delhi, as Text books and reference books.

Above all, he loves his students for upgrading their academic standard and also providing them prestigious jobs in the renowned Ayurvedic institutions of the country. He has organized number of valuable workshops and presented scientific papers in the seminars organized b many universities of the country as well as abroad at the Global level. His contributions have increased awareness and great passion amongst Graduate and Post Graduate scholars for learning and getting more and more knowledge of Ayurvedic Sharir.

Recently he has been honoured by Honourable Minister of Human Resources Development, Govt of India, New Delhi, for his classical work titled "Adhunatan Sharir Samhita" in Sanskrit and Hindi version published by Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan-Deemed University, Govt of India New Delhi. His one more book titled "Surgical Anatomy in Ayurveda" is under publication.




1. Fundamental Principles of Clinical Anatomy in Ayurveda 1-5
  Definition of Swastha (Health)  
2. Shukra and Shonit
(Sperm/Semen and Ovum/Menstrual Blood)
  Features of Healthy Shukra (Semen)
Vikari Retas (Unhealthy Semen)
Features of Healthy Menstrual Blood
Characteristics of Vitiated Artav (Dushtartav)
Mapping The Human Genome
Concept of Atulya Gotra
Complexion or Colour Variations in Foetus
Anasthi Garbha
Regimen for couple interested for conception
Garbhaj Vikriti (Anatomical anomalies)
Regimen for pregnant women
Poorv Janma krit karm (Deeds of previous life)
Structures developed by Inherence
Beej Dosh (Genetical faults)
Characteristics of vitiated Shukra (Semen)
Shukravaha Srotas
Artavavaha Srotas
3. Prakriti (Consitution) 27-46
  Prakriti Concerning Rogi Pareeksha
How Prakriti establishes
Detailed discription of Prakriti
Deha Prakriti
Characteristics of Vata Prakriti
Characteristics of Pitta Prakriti
Characteristics of Shleshm Prakriti
Characteristics of Vata Prakriti
Characteristics of Pitta Prakriti
Characters of Shleshm Prakriti
Sarva Sara Purush
  SATVA PRAKRITI (Psychic Personality)  
1. Satvik Manas Prakriti  
  (i) Brahma Kaya
(ii) Mahendra Kaya (Indra Satva)
(iii) Varun Kaya
(iv) Kuber Kaya
(v) Gandharva Kaya
(vi) Yamya Kaya (Yamaraj satva)
(vii) Rishi Kaya (Arsha satva)
2. Rajas Prakriti  
  (i) Asur Kaya (Daitya satva)
(ii) Sarpa Kaya
(iii) Shakun Kaya (Pakshi satva)
(iv) Rakshas Kaya
(v) Paishach Kaya
(vi) Pret Kaya
3. Tamas Prakriti  
  (i) Pashu Kaya
(ii) Matsya Kaya (br)(iii) Vanaspatya Kaya
(iv) Panchabhautik Prakriti
4. Twacha (Skin) 47-71
  Shadvidh Rog Pareeksha:
Prabha (Lustere)
Chhaya (Shade/aura)
Types of Chhaya
Seven layers of Twacha (skin) and their proneness to Skin deseases (Sushruta)
Six Layers of Twacha (Skin) with their proneness to Skin Disorders (Charaka)
Pathogenesis of Kushtha
Features of Kushtha
Eighteen types of Kushtha (Charaka)
Sushruta's classification of Kushtha
Kshudra Roga
Vyanga and Neelika
Phakka Rog
Arishta Lakshan (Unauspecious prognostic features)
Prognosis based on colour
Pandu (Anaemia)
Kamala (Jaundice), Twaksara Purush
Role of Panchamahabhoot
5. Asthi (Bone) 72-81
  Formation of Asthi
Contribution of Asthi
Signs of Asthisar Purush
Asthi Kshaya
Asthi Vriddhi
Asthi filled by Majja
Majja Kshaya
Asthi Dosh
Phakka Rog
Peenas (Sinusitis)
Vayas Tunda Sandhi Dosh (Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome)
Nasa Pratinaha
Disease like flurosis
Asthivaha srotas
Asthi Viddradhi (Osteomylitis)
Asthi Marma
Katikataruna Marma (Sciatic notch)
Nitamba Marma (Ala of the ileum)
Ansaphalak Marma (Spine of the scapula)
Shankha Marma (Temporal region)
6. Mansa Peshi (Muscles) 82-90
  Mansa sara Purush
Mansa vaha Srotas
Mansa Vriddhi
Mansa Dhatu Rog
Mansa Marma
1. Talahridaya Marma (Introssei and Lumbricals)
2. Indravasti Marma (Calf muscles)
3. Guda Marma (Anal canal and anus)
4. Stanrohit Marma (Lower portion of pectoralis major)
5. Ani Marma (Tendon of quadriceps femoris)
6. Vitapa Marma (Inguinal canal)
7. Kakshadhar Marma (Brachial plexus)
8. Koorcha Shir Marma (Lateral ligament of the ankle or wrist joint)
9. Vasti Marma (Urinary bladder)
10. Kshipra Marma (First intermeta torsal or carpal ligament)
11. Vidhur Marma (Posterior auricular vessels)
12. Utkshepa Marma (Temporal muscles and fascia)
7. Asthi Sandhi (Joint) 91-96
  Vatarakta (Gout)
Amavata (Rhumotoid arthritis)
Asthi Shosh (Osteoarthritis)
Sandhi Kathinya (Stiffness of joints)
Sandhi Marma
Janu Marma (Knee Joint)
Koorpara Marma (Elbow Joint)
Seemanta Marma (Cranial Sutures)
Adhipati Marma (Confluence of venous sinuses)
Gulfa Marma (Ankle Joint)
Manibandha Marma (Ischial tuberosity)
Avarta Marma (Junction of the frontal and sphenoid bone)
Krikatika Marma (Atlanto-occipital joint)
8. Mahasrotas (Gastro Intestinal Tract) 97-111
  Diseases of Koshtha
Udar Rog
Baddha Gudodar
Parinam Shool
Anna Drava Shool
Amashayagat Vayu
Amashaya Dwar Sankoch
Agni Mandya
Grahani Rog
Paittik Shool
Agnyashaya (Pancreas)
Madhumeha (Diabetes mellitus):
Pittashaya Rog
Pakvashayagat Vayu Rog
Gudagat Vayu
Antra Puchchha shoth and Unduk
Annavaha Srotodushti
Purishvaha Srotodushti
9. Mutravaha Srotas (Urinary System) 112-117
  Vrikka (Kidney( in reference to Medovaha Srotas
Vrikka Asthirta (Floating Kidney)
Number of Nephrons
Loss of plasma proteins
Mutravaha Srotas
Ikshumeha (Glycosuria)
Mutrashmari (Renal calculi)
Diabetes Insipedus
Raktameha (Haematuria)
Vrikka Shoth (Glomerulonephritis)
Mutrakshaya Roga (Diseases of urinary bladder)
10. Hridaya and Phuphphus (Cardiorespiratory System) 118-145
  Seat of Chetana
Seat of Par Oja
Hridaya nourishes Shadanga Sharir
Precaution for Hridaya
Vataj Hridarog
Hrida Shool (Angina pectoris or myocardial infarction)
Hridaya Avaran Shoth (Pericarditis)
Vatik shoth
Pathogenesis of Shoth
Sarvang Shoth (Congestive heart failure)
Hrida Rog
Rheumatic involvement
Hridaya Dhwani Dosh (Heart murmers)
Hridakapat Vikriti (Valvular abnormalities)
Palpitation in Hridaya
Pranavaha Srotas
Sadhak Agni
Avalambak Kapha
Pran Vayu
Udan Vayu
Vyan Vayu
Phuphphus as the place for Udan Vayu
Phuphphus as a Koshthang
Diseases concerning Pran Vayu
Etiological factors for Shosh Rog
Clinical features of Rajayakshma
Other features of Rajayakshma
Rajayakshma (Tuberculosis)
Sira Granthi
Signs of Varicose veins
Sira Vedha (Venus Puncture) or Rakta Mokshan
Sira Marma
Pranavaha Srotas Jagriti (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation)
Hridayavaran Jala Bharana (Pericardial effusion)
Hridaya Dushti Punravritti (Incompetence or regurgitation)
Coronary Thrombosis
Raktachap (Blood pressure)
Shleepad Rog
Raktarsh (Varicose Veins)
Moorchha (Syncope)
Vata Poorit, Rakta Poorit, and Jala Poorit
Phuphphusavaran Shoth (Air, Blood or Water in pleural cavity)
11. Yakrit and Pleeha (Liver and Spleen) 146-153
  Signs and symptoms of Pleehodar (Huge splenomegaly with distinction of abdomen)
Yakrit Kathinya (Cirrhosis of Liver)
Pleehabhirodha (Splenic infarction)
Pleeha Vriddhi and yakritavriddhi
Uakritavriddhi (Hepatomegaly)
Yakrit Shoth (Hepatitis)
Pratiharini Sira Vriddha Rakta Chapa (Poral Hypertension)
Features concerning Pleeha vriddhi
Spleen Palplation
Ruptured spleen
Raktavaha srotas
Ranjak Pitta
Kamala (Jaundice)
12. Tantrika Sharir (Nervous System) 154-167
  Features of Vata Kshaya
Damage to basal ganglia
Features of Vata Vriddhi
Characteristics of Trauma over head
Features of Trauma on Seemanta Marma
Brain Injury
Sangyanash (Anesthesia)
Gridhrasi (Sciatica)
Vishwachi (Brachial Neurologic)
Mooka minmin gadgad
Speech Area Injuries
Akshepa (Convulsions)
Vatik Shool
Other Vatik Consideration:
(a) Irritation (b) Damage (c) Regeneration (d) Neuropraxia (e) Axonotmesis
Characot's Joint
Unmad (Insanity)
Altered Consciousness
Sanyasa (Coma)
Nidra (Sleep)
Types of Nidra
Nidra Nash (Sleep Disorders)
Karna Shool (Ear ache)
Chhidra in Karna Patal (Perforated Eardrum)
Karna Nada (Tinitus)
Badhirya (Deafness)
Karna Kshveda (Abnormal feeling of sound)
High Intensity Sounds and Deafness
Jala Sheersha (Hydrocephalus)
Blood Brain Barrier
13. Lasika Sansthan (Lymphatic System) 168-169
  Gandamala (Cervical ademitis)
Definition of Lasika:
14. Ashtanindit Purush (Anatomical Stigmas) 170-176
  Ashtanindit Purush (Anatomically stigmatic personalities)
Atideergha (Gigantism)
Atihrisva (Dwarfism)
Atiloma (Hypertrichosis)
Aloma (Alopecia)
Atikrishna (Hypermelanosis) Atigaur (Albinism)
Atisthool (over obese person)
Atikrish (much lean and thin person)
14. Arishta (Grave prognostic features) 170-180
Netra (Eye)
Jihva (Tongue)
Organ of smell (Nose)
Shir (Head)
Nasa (Nose)
Greeva (Neck)
Prognostic sign concerning to body parts
Oozing of Blood through the body orifice
Feature of body surface
15. Nayanbudbud (Eye Ball) 181-184
  Drishti Dosh (Abnormalities of Refraction)
Timir (Distributed vision)
Linganash (cataract)
Kaneenika Ropan (Corneal Transplants)
Khandit drishti Patal (Detachement of Retina)
Varnandhata (Colour Blindness)

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