Rammanohar Lohia March 23, 1910-Oct 12, 1967 Born at Akbarpur (UP), in middle-income Marwari Family of Hiralal Lohia. Primary education in Akbarpur, Marwari High School, Bombay; higher education in Benaras Hindu University, Calcutta University, Berlin. Founder member of CSP established in 1934; Secretary, Foreign Deptt of AICC during 1937-39.
Opposition to war-efforts and imprisonment. Led underground ‘Quit India’ Movement in 1942. Confinement and torture in Lahore Fort. After release initiated freedom movements in Goa and Nepal. Strong voice in opposition politics under SP, PSP, and SSP. Forceful critic of Jawaharlal Nehru’s Policies and builder of strong opposition. Founder of alternative politics based on socialist ideology, with programs of spade, vote and jail and seven revolutions. Courted arrest several times under civil disobedience movement in independent India. His original and creative mind attracted writers and artists and inspired young generations. He instilled the spirit of self-respect among the classes, victim of the caste-system and enabled them to assert their will to power which transformed the political scene in India. In international politics he associated with World Government Movement, Civil-Rights Movement for African-American, Asian Socialism, Third Bloc Movement etc.
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