Well-known theory of 'The Fittest Survives’ applies to the
academic and professional career of individuals also. With
rampant population growth and limited opportunities the
survival in professional career became fiercely competitive
In a vast developing country like ours admission to
professional courses and settling in good employment are the
two major problems. Any government can provide basic
education to the people but professional courses are limited
to a few, who are capable and intelligent enough to pursue
them. However, as everyone aspires to join the best
institutions consequently there would be a very tough
This is true in case of Ayurveda professionals too. More and
more Ayurvedic graduates go for post graduation to equip
themselves with better qualification. But availability of
limited seats demands intelligence as well as skill. Getting
admission in a reputed and national institute puts further
pressure on the candidates.
The trend of adopting entrance test with +1/-1 mark system
(much familiar with IITs) is fast catching up in Ayurveda
institutes also. Candidates cannot afford to miss even a single
question. However, after graduation reading again all the
texts in detail (keeping the purpose of achieving the goal set)
may be cumbersome as the candidates feel that they know
everything. But minor and tricky differences in the options
given for the questions would definitely make major
difference as far as the candidate's career is concerned.
Hence, there is indeed a need for such a guide with the help
of which one can easily set him/herself for the competition.
Here 1s a book first of its kind where important topics of all
subjects of graduate course in Ayurveda are covered in brief
followed by a quiz of multiple choice questions to test their
memory. Additionally information considered important for
Entrance Examinations on different allied subjects -
Anatomy, Obstetrics and Paediatrics was also provided. The
principal author of this guide Dr. P. Nagaraju, is a diligent and
studious alumnus of Ayurveda college at Tirupati, where I
was a faculty member for over 16 years. Dr. Nagaraju and
Dr. S. Sumana, both postagraduates in Ayurveda have also
compiled in the book the question papers of competitive
examinations of different years held in various Ayurvedic
institutions like Banaras Hindu University, Gujarat Ayurveda
University, National Institute of Ayurveda, Govt. Ayurveda
Colleges, Hyderabad and Trivendrum and organizations like
UPSC and ESIC to make the readers appreciate the pattern
of questions in Entrance Tests at these institutions. They
further made efforts to frame 15 sets of each 200 multiple
choice questions covering all important aspects of subjects
This book, I am sure, will be highly useful to students and
researchers seeking higher education in Ayurveda and equally
the unemployed for going for suitable better jobs.
I congratulate Dr. Nagaraju and Dr. Sumana for this first
venture and wish that they would bring in series of such
books for the benefit of those, who set goals and make
efforts for their future.
Ayurveda is divine and eternal science, that created by Lord
Brahma for the help of ailing mankind. It is a 'Veda' (source of
knowledge) leading with 'Ayu’, i.e. a combination of Sattva,
Atma and Sharira. It is concerned with the prevention and
cute of diseases in all the three Kalas (Bhuta, Bhavishyat and
Vattamaana kala) as it has been propagated by Apta. It is a
complete science, where the principles do not change at any
time. It is only a mistake in interpretation of principles that
Ayurveda lacks several things. Haritaki was having the effect of
virechana at the time of Agnivesha and is even now has the
same effect after passing through several thousands of years.
That is why Charaka called this 'Shashvata'.
In 1960 it was decided in New York at a workshop on
medical education to adopt for multiple choice questions in
place of age-old system of evaluating a student's knowledge
and proficiency through stereotyped question paper. Objective
assessment is of considerable value in testing a candidate's
understanding of the subject. It is greatly helpful in covering
much of a particular subject in a relatively short time.
Nowadays most of the colleges conducting P.G. courses
in Ayurveda, are admitting students after conducting screening
test and in most cases the test in of objective type. Unlike the
admission tests conducted by various P.G. centres, the entrance test for admission into MD (Ay)/MS (Ay) conducted
by Banaras Hindu University, contains considerable number of
questions from different subjects of modern system of
medicine. It is not an easy thing for the candidates to prepare
completely, after covering ocean like Ayurveda system and
modern system of medicine. Keeping this difficulty in view, the
present book is prepared covering all the important topics of
Ayurvedic and Modern medicine, so that there is a little chance
that an aspiring candidate/reader misses them.
The methodology of examination in medical sciences, as
also in order fields of study, is undergoing a revolutionary
change. The subjective assessment through essay type of
questions is slowly giving way to objective assessment through
multiple choice questions. The result of the candidate no longer
depends upon the knowledge about half a dozen questions,
attitude and whim of the examiner and the candidate's ability to
expand the answers. In the examinations with the changed
system a candidate has just to choose "correct" and "incorrect"
"more appropriate" and "less appropriate" options.
Keeping in view the deviations in descriptions contained
in text books, compiling a set of model question papers 1s not an
easy task. In the present book comprising model questions,
attempt has been made to keep away from controversial points.
Every question incorporates the mistakes commonly
committed by candidates.
It is sincerely felt that this book will be of considerable
value in preparing the students for various competitive
examinations and also to have self assessment of the
knowledge gained from the books. This book consists of
general study of all the subjects of Ayurvedic syllabus and also
important topics from modern subjects. In Ayurvedic subjects,
there are some multiple choice questions given just after each
topic to recollect the important points to test memory, hence
the name "Test Your Memory'.
We have given 15 model question papers, each containing
200 questions. In this we have covered all Ayurvedic subjects
and also modern. We have also given question papers of
previous competitive examinations separately. There are some
important shlokas which are useful not only for entrance
examinations but also for the permanent remembrance, by
There may be some mistakes in this book, which may
be understood in a positive manner by the readers. We invite
suggestion from readers for further improvement.
We ate very much thankful to M/S Chaukhamba
Sanskrit Pratishthan, Delhi for encouraging attitude
regarding the publication of this book.
**Contents and Sample Pages**
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