Musical Heritage of Varanasi is a short history of the
growth of traditional and classical music in the city of
Varanasi. It covers a period from the seventeenth
century almost up to the present day and lists the
various Musicians and Gharanas that led to the
development of the traditional music as presented in
Varanasi to this day.
In this book you can read about the various
musicians who graced this holy city with their
presence. You can also come to know about certain
incidents that took place in their lives.
Dr. Priya Kumar Chaube is a prominent citizen of
Varanasi and has spent his lifetime not only practicing
medicine, he was medical officer of Mahatma Gandhi
Kashi Vidyapeeth from 1962-1994. but also in many
social activities in the city. He has written many books
on medicine as well as on Varanasi.
‘To the Hindus, the realiwatoin God has been considered the high-
est goal of life and amongst various paths leading to this goal,
MUSIC has occupied a high position. In Hindu scripture, the
special status of music is expressed in a saying where then Lord
declares "I live neither in Heaven (Vaikuntha) nor in the heart of
Yoginees, but I dwell where my devotees sing in praise of me."
Music not only entertains the musicians and their listeners, but
what is more significant is that it carries them to a higher plane of
consciousness. It is with this idea that music has been learned,
taught, played and listened to by Hindus.
Lord Shiva performed 'Tandava Nritya'as Natraj and Kashi is
his city. It is only natural that the city (Varanasi) is considered as
the birthplace of Nat (Dance) and Natya (Drama). Kashi is also
the birthplace of Music too, as there can be no Nritya or Natya
without music. The chanting of "Vedas" the singing of "Bhajans"
and "Kirtans" were indeed musical in nature.
Kashi has always been the home of Musicians where tradi-
tional music was known as Varanasi or Banarasi Gharana
where Kathak added considerably to its growth. They gave a
classical touch which is also known as their heritage in various
fields of Music such as Dance, Vocal and Instrumental music.
Experimenting within the tradition has been taking place since
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