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Nimbarka Philosophical Tradition

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Nimbarka Philosophical Tradition
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Item Code: IDG818
Author: Madan Mohan Agrawal
Publisher: Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan
Language: English
Edition: 2005
ISBN: 8170843138
Pages: 77
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 9.2" X 6.2"
weight of the book: 310 gms

From t he Jacket

Vaisnavism is regarded as one of the most important religions of India. Nimbarka is a shimmering personality among the Vaisnavacaryas. On the devotional plane, the object to be worshipped, according to Nimbaraka, is Radha-Krsna conjointly. Srikrsna is the supreme Lord and Radha his Hiladinisakti. Radha and Krsna are represented as gold and emerald hued splendours. The delineation of Radha is superb. She is captivating the heart of Srikrsna. She is presiding deity of heart of Srikrsna. She is an object of worship- aradhya for Srikrsna Himself, so she is called Radha. This Radha-Krsna cult, to which Nimbarka gives an exclusive prominence, is one of the most popular and influential cults that have ever flourished in India. This is the cult of love and devotion.

The present monograph contains a general summary of Nimbarka-sampradaya. It is hoped that it will be received well by al the students and scholars interested in Nimbarka-school of Vedanta.

About the Author

M.M. Agrawal PhD, D. Litt. Is Professor is Sanskrit at University of Delhi. He is an author of many books and has contributed several papers and articles in India and abroad. Some of his outstanding books are 'The Philosophy of Nimbarka, 'Bhavaprakasana of Saradatanaya', ' Essence of Vaisnavism' , 'Aspects of Indian Philosophy', 'Srimadbhagavadgita' with the commentary Gudharthadipika of Madhusudana Sarasvati {in two Vols}, 'Brahmasutranimbarka-bhasya' with three commentaries, viz. Vedanta-Kaustubha, Vedanta-Kaustubhaprabha, and Bhavadipika {in four Vols}, Six systems of Indian Philosophy (The Sutras of Six Systems of Indian Philosophy with English Translation, Transliteration, introduction and indices), Sarvadarsana-samgraha with its English Translation, Transliteration and Introduction and 'Rasarnavalamkara' of Prakasavarsa with its Hindi Translation, Introduction and indices.

Preface

Vaisnavism is regarded as one of the most important religions of India, whatever be the right kind of test in determining the importance of a religious tradition - the amount of the following or the intrinsic worth of the tradition. It is not based upon a mythical fancy of the poets, but has a truth in the personal history of Vasudeva-Krsna. It is the more extensive and almost exclusive cult of the Gopala-Krsna or the Krsna of Gokula. It is a harmonious combination of Absolutism with personal theism. Among the Vaisnavas there are four main sects - Srisampradaya = Visist- advaita of Ramanuja, Brahmasampradaya = Dvaita of Madhva, Rudrasampradaya = Suddhadvaita of Visnusvami and Vallabha and Sanakasampradaya = Dvaitadvaita of Nimbarka.

On the devotional plane, the object to be worshipped, according to Nimbarka, is Radha-Krsna conjointly. Srikrsna is the Supreme Lord and Radha His Hiladinisakti. Radha and Krsna are represented as gold and emerald hued splendours. The delineation of Radha is superb. She is captivating the heart of Srikrsna. She is presiding deity of heart of Srikrsna. She is an object of worship - aradhya for Srikrsna Himself, so she is called 'Radha', This Radha-Krsna cult, to which Nimbarka gives an exclusive prominence, is one of the most popular and influential cults that have ever flourished in India. This is the cult of love and devotion.

The following pages contain a general summary of Nimbarka- sampradaya. I had prepared them in the form of an article, entitled: "Nimbarka Philosophical Tradition", submitted to 'National Seminar on Indian Intellectual Traditions', Poona, 2003. Now I am presenting them in a monograph form with some improvements. It is hoped that it will be received well by all the students and scholars interested in Nimbarka-school of Vedanta.

This preface will remain incomplete if I do not give thanks to my dear son Mr. Rama Prapanna Agrawal for helping me in arranging and preparing the press copy of the manuscript. Mr. Niraj Gupta deserves my thanks for speedy publication of this book with accurate printing and an excellent get up.

CONTENTS
    Preface 5
1   Acarya-parampara: 11
    Nimbarkacarya 13
    Srinivasacarya 14
    Visvacarya 15
    Purusottamacarya 15
    Devacarya 16
    Sundarabhatta 17
    Kesvakasmiribhatta 18
    Sribhatta 19
    Harivyasadeva 20
    Svabhudeva = Purusottamaprasada I 21
    Purusottamaprasada II 22
    Anantarama- devacarya 22
    Lalitasarana- devacarya 23
    Gopalasarana-devacarya 23
    Parasuramadeva 24
    Sriji Radha-sarvesvara-sarana-devacarya 24
2   Philosophy 27
  1. The Trinity of Reals 27
  1.1 The Concept of Brahman 27
  1.2 The Concept of Jiva 29
  1.3 The Concept of Jagat 32
  1.4 Relation between Brahman, Jiva and Jagat 33
  2. Knowledge and the Methods of Knowledge 36
  2.1 Nature of Knowledge 36
  2.2 The Methods of Knowledge 38
    2.2.1 Pratyaksa- Perception 38
    2.2.2 Anumana-Inference 39
    2.2.3 Upamana-Comparison 40
    2.2.4 Sabda- Word or Verbal-testimony 40
    2.2.5 Anupalabdhi- Non-perception or Non-apprehension 40
  3. Liberation- Moksa 41
  3.1 The Concept of Moksa 41
  3.2 The Means of Moksa- The Sadhanas 41
    3.2.1 Karman 42
    3.2.2 Vidya 42
    3.2.3 Upasana 42
    3.2.4 Prapatti 42
    3.2.5 Gurupasatti 42
3   Contribution 45
  1. Contribution to Metaphysics 45
  1.1 The Trinity of Reals 45
  1.2 Reality of the Jagat 46
  2. Contribution of Logic and Epistemology 48
  2.1 The Significance of Perception 49
  2.2 The Supreme Sgnificance of Scriptural-testimony 49
  3. Contribution to Ethics 50
  4. Conclusion 51
  References   53
  Bibliography   63
  index   69

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