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The Religion of India (The Sociology of Hinduism and Buddhism)

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Item Code: IRP75
Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Author: Max Weber
Language: English
Edition: 2017
ISBN: 9788121505710
Pages: 392
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 9.0 inch X 6.0 inch
Weight 590 gm
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Book Description
About the Book

Max Weber's early twentieth-century study of the religions and civilization of India is a great pioneering adventure in the sociology of ancient India. Weber's insight and analysis - especially his application of the sociological perspective to the work of classical Indologists and the religious texts available to him - were to add much to the store of the social scientist. Later, historians and archaeologists were to confirm a surprising number of Weber's theories.

The central concern of this and other of Weber's studies of countries we today describe as "developing" was with the obstacles to industrialization and modernization. Weber anticipated by several decades a problem that has come to occupy the post-World War II world. Why had these countries failed to display the full consequence of these rationalizing tendencies which, to Weber's mind had so powerful an affinity with the scientific technical transformation of the West. He isolated religious institutions and the key social strata which mediate them to wider society as crucial for the original formation of social-psychological orientations to the practical concerns of life and, hence, for receptivity or resistance to industrialization.

About the Author

Max Weber (1864-1920), Greman Social scientist and political economist who become a founding father of modern sociology. After a brief period as a legal assistant and on completion of his doctoral dissertation, he was appointed professor first at the University of Freiburg and then at Heidelberg. Despite a severe nervous breakdown several years later, Weber produced a body of work that established him as the foremost figure in social thought in the century.


  Prefatory Note V
  Part One- The Hindu Social System  
I India and Hinduism 3
1 The General Place of Hinduism 3
2 Diffusion Patterns of Hinduism 9
3 Hindu Doctrine and Ritual 21
4 The Place of the Vedas 25
5 The Brahmans and the Castes 29
6 Caste and Tribe 30
7 Caste and Guild 33
8 Caste and Status group 39
9 The Social Rank Order of the Castes 44
10 Caste and Sib 49
II The Main Grouping of the Castes 55
1 The Brahmans 57
2 The Kshatriyas 63
3 The Vaishyas 77
4 The Shudras 93
III Caste Forms and Schisms 101
1 Caste Criteria 101
2 Caste Schism 102
3 Caste Discipline 108
4 Caste and Traditionalism 111
5 The Religious Promise of the Caste System 117
6 The Developmental Conditions of the Caste System 123
  Part Two- Orthodox and Heterodox Holy Teaching of the Indian Intellectuals  
IV Anti-Orgiastic and Ritualistic Character of Brahmanical Religiosity 137
1 Brahmanical, Hellenistic, and Confucian Intellectual Strata 137
2 Dharma and the Absence of the Concept of Natural Law 143
3 Knowledge, Asceticism, and Mysticism in India 146
4 Sramana and Brahmanical Asceticism 154
5 Brahmanical Writings and Science 158
V Orthodox Hinduism 163
1 Holy Technique (yoga) and the Development of Religious Philosophy 163
2 Orthodox Salvation Doctrines 166
3 Holy Teaching and the Professional Ethic of the Bhagavadgita 180
VI The Heterdox Soteriologies of the Cultured Professional Monks 192
1 The Two Great Heterodoxies 192
2 Jainism 193
3 Ancient Buddhism 204
  Part Three - The Asiatic Sects and the Redemption Religions  
VII The Transformation of Ancient Buddhism 233
1 General Reasons for the Transformation of Ancient Buddhism 233
2 King Ashoka 235
3 Mahayana Buddhism 244
VIII The Missions 257
1 Ceylon and Outlying Indian Territories 257
2 China 264
3 Korea 269
4 Japan 270
5 Inner Asia: Lamaism 282
IX The Orthodox Restoration in India 291
1 General Character 291
2 Shivaism and the Lingam Cult 298
3 Vishnuism and Bhakti Piety 306
4 The Sects and the Gurus 318
X The General Character of Asiatic Religion 329
  Notes 344
  Index 389

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