Tirukkural (Set of 2 Volumes)
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Tirukkural (Set of 2 Volumes)

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Item Code: NAX119
Author: B.R.M. Subramani
Publisher: Dravidian University Campus
Language: Tamil and English
Edition: 2018
ISBN: Vol-2: 9789383358052
Pages: 530
Cover: PAPERBACK
Other Details 9.00 X 6.00 inch
Weight 440 gm
About the Author

Dr.B.R.M.Subramania Chetty is the first research scholar who has been awarded Ph.D. in the Department of . English & Communications, Dravidian University. Asa ‘Lecturer in English, he endeared himself to the students over a decade with his love for teaching. His translation work ‘Thirukkural, Righteousness: Morals and Virtues’ was published by Dravidian University in 2010. '

Foreword

Dravidian University is a unique Inter-State University in South India. Established in 1997, it promotes research on Dravidian languages, literature, culture and philosophy. The four- main buildings of the University are named after Dravidian Saint-reformers, as Wemana Bhavan, Tiruvalluvar Bhavan, Narayanaguru Bhavan and Basava Bhavan. Besides, it has Harappa Bhavan, Periyar Bhavan, (Dravida) Bhasha Bhavan and Emeneau House. It has two wings of Prasaaraanga and AnusAjana, undertaking publication and translation works.

Being the ancient classical poet, Tiruvalluvar stands supreme among the Dravidians. His greatest work in Tamil, Tirukkural, according to M. Ariel (1848), is "the masterpiece of Tamil literature - one of the highest and purest expression of human thoughts." It breathes the soul and genius of ancient Dravidian culture noted for its catholicity and breadth of outlook.

The Kural owes much of its popularity to its exquisite poetic metre. A Kural is a couplet containing a complete and striking idea of significance, expressed in the shortest form of one and half lines. Tirukkural consists of 133 chapters, divided into three parts, Virtue, Wealth and Love, and written in 1330 couplets, each chapter containing 10 couplets. In these, Tiruvalluvar proves himself to be the Master of sentences; the moral utterances of the saint are given in the choicest poetic epigrams.

That Tirukkural is a work of Universal appeal is evident from the fact that it is translated into several languages of India and the world. The Dravidian University published the translation of Tirukkural in Telugu by Sri Dutaluri Jagannadham in 2000. It has also brought out Thiruvalluvar, an edition of proceedings of the National Seminar on Tiruvalluvar, held in 2000.

There are about forty translations of Tirukkural, written and available in English. The translation undertaken by the scholar, Dr.B.R.M.Subramani, adds glory to the immortal Tirukkural in the modern context. It is a translation with a difference- a reader-oriented translation in poetic English.

The Part I of Tirukkural is known as aram or dharma or Morals and Virtues. The first four chapters sing the praise of God and Rain, and the greatness of the Renounced and the Righteousness, thus forming the Preamble to the Tirukkural. From Chapter 5, ‘Family-Life’ to Chapter 24, ‘Fame’, are described the Morals for the Domestic Life. From Chapter 25, ‘Compassion’ to Chapter 37, ‘Giving up Desire’, are explained the Virtues of the Ascetic Life. In the last Chapter 38, the power of Fate is indicated. Thus Part I of the Tirukkural, Righteousness: Morals and Virtues , is a guide as well as a treasure for people of all walks of life to reach and realise the goal of human birth: "The ocean of births others can’t swim across Except those who cling to God's feet." - Kural, 10.

This new translation in poetic English is a worthy possession for every one and a delight for every generation of readers. I congratulate the translator, Dr.B.R.M.Subramani, for having undertaken the translation of the most difficult and essential part of Tirukkural, which enhances the eminence and excellence of the conceptual ideals of the Dravidian University.

"Fame out of ruin and glory out of death Heroes alone can attain on earth." — Kural, 235.

Foreword (Volume- 2)

That the foundations of Indian culture were deeply embedded in Dravidian culture is now an incontrovertible fact. Dravidian culture is one of the most ancient cultures of the world. Those cultures, slightly contemporaneous to one another, slowly started fading out. However, the primordial Dravidian culture continues to thrive without losing its quintessence despite the apparent changes in systems of dress and adress.

Dravidian University was established in 1997 to mirror the real and rich picture of Dravidian culture not only in its linguistic, literary, cultural and philosophical faces but in science and technological angles also.

At a time when no special attention worth its name was paid by the Centre with regard to language, the Southern states except Kerala. had established all by themselves their own Universities - Telugu, Tamil and Kannada - to research on their languages and cultures.

The Government of Andhra Pradesh took a step ahead and started Dravidian University, with the cooperation of the sister states, to research and reflect on the inherent oneness of the cultures of the four states whose languages number up to 27. Its endeavour is to promote unity and amity in the family of several langauges. The main objectives of Dravidian University are to augment the common weal and social well being of the communities of marginal languages and to build bridges among the Southern states. While working on each language separately in varied areas, it aims at a synthesis and a discovery of the common heritage through Comparative Studies.

Centre for Publications (Prasaaraanga) is the most significant wing of the University from out of its several on going progressive activities.

Tirukkural is the crowning glory of the Tamil literature. Tirukkural is not mere a book of aphorisms, Kural means a short couplet containing a complete idea. Tiruvalluvar, the eternal bard, is one of the greatest Tamil poets, who transcends time and place. Tiruvalluvar’s vision is human, simple and down to earth. Tirukkural is a widely translated work, recognized all over the world. This is because of its universality. It does not mention any name, any religion, any country, any language, any person or any god, but it applies to every one of us. Tiruvalluvar cautions men that wealth should not be acquired in fraudulent manner, the wealth that is acquired in a right manner at least a part of it should go to the needy ones. Impermanence of mundane things is stressed by the author of Tirukkural. Tirukkural is a treatise on the ‘art of living’. Tirukkural cuts across castes, creeds, climes and ages and has a freshness which makes everyone feel as if they are meant for them thus Thirukkural stands proudly as a becon light to everyone. I congratulate, the translator, Dr. B.R.M. Subramani for having undertaken this translation work which adds glory to the immortal Tiruvalluvar.

**Contents and Sample Pages**



















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