Ustad Sabri KhanUstad Sultan KhanPandit Ram NarayanKamal Sabri
Sarangi is a bowed instrument of Hindustani classical music said to have originated from Nepal India
and Pakistan. It is one of the early instruments of Hindustani music. Before instruments gained
popularity as stand-alone performers Hindustani music was largely vocal-centric owing to the
sarangi’s ability to emulate the human voice it became one of the first instruments to have received
It is believed that the term sarangi was derived from the word sau-rangi which means a hundred
colors. There are various versions regarding its origins. One legend is that in ancient times a travelling
doctor was inspired to construct the first sarangi by the sound of wind blowing over the dried up skin
of a dead monkey stretched between some branches in a tree. Others quote instruments like the
pinakini veena the raven hathha or the saran as for runners to the sarangi.
It was used extensively to the accompaniment of thumris and light music around the 19th century.
Dhrupad and khayal singers also continued to prefer the sarangi for accompaniment in the early 20th
century. Over the years the sarangi exerted a very powerful influence on various vocalists like Abdul
Karim Khan Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali, and thumri exponents like Siddheshwari Devi.
The sarangi is carved out a single piece of hard wood. The hollowed lower portion is covered with
goat skin the middle with wood to form a fretless fingerboard and the top is a box with fixed pegs.
There are three main gut strings along with 35 to 40 taraf (Sympathetic) strings that provide a
sonorous resonance. Sliding the gaj (bow made of horse-hair) on the gut strings produces the basic
melody. The specific notes are produced by stopping the strings sideways with the cuticles of the
fingers. Considered to be a difficult instrument to play the sarangi first started out to be an honest
accompaniment to a vocalist. It is later with great maestros like Pandit Ram Narayan, Ustad Sabri
Khan, Ustad Bundu Khan and others that it began to be celebrated and loved as a solo
This album presents a collection of tracks by the exponents of sarangi Ustad Sabri Khan, Ustad
Sultan Khan, Pandit Ram Narayan & More recently Kamal Sabri.
Music is sublime Indian classical music is nirvana! For long Indian classical music has held a distinct
identity of one rooted in cultural antiquity. That rich is its lineage and that glorious its heritage. This art
form is more than just an expression of India’s cultural ethos it is art all its beauty. From the grandeur
of the maestros bearing ensembles characteristic of their time to instruments that not only produce the
most sublime of melodies but stand picturesque in their detailed structure and form this album is a
saga of the very best of Indian classical instruments. We present to you instruments. We present to
you instruments that have evolved and stood the test of time to represent India’s map of instrumental
music. These are captured by none other than stalwarts who have mastered these instruments and
presented them in all their glory.
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