12'' Ram Darbar | Madhuchista Vidhana (Lost-Wax) | Panchaloha Bronze from Swamimalai


A set of four discrete murtis of the members of Ramadurbar. ‘Durbar’ translates to court. In the court of the prince of Ayodhya, His brother Lakshmana stands to His right; to His left is the beauteous and faithful Devi Seeta, His wife. Kneeling before the tight-knit trinity is the devoted Lord Hanuman, the very image of divine bhakti or unconditional love.

Each murti in this ensemble is sculpted from panchaloha. Panchaloha is an alloy made from gold, silver, copper, zinc, and iron, a sacred concoction expounded in the shilpashastras (traditional Hindu texts on arts and crafts). Such a medium allows for rich detailing and also lends the sculpture that fair, golden sheen.

A Ramadurbar set such as the one you see on this page would be a fine addition to your poojana-kaksha (pooja room). Each statuette is poised on its own upturned-lotus pedestal, except for Hanuman whose one knee rests against a flat-topped plinth. The proportions of the Rama murti and pedestal are the biggest, followed by those of Lakshmana, Seeta, and Hanuman.

Item Code: PHC289
Dimensions 12 inch Height X 4.5 inch Width X 14 inch Depth
Weight: 9.20 kg
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Shipped to 153 countries
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This elegant coterie of ‘Maryada Purushottam’ – Rama, and the figures of Lakshmana, Sita, and a kneeling Hanuman flanking him on both sides embodies the true victory of righteousness and goodwill over evil. Emblematic of the divine struggle presented in the 24,000 verses of the epic Ramayana, the court of Rama is symbolic of the virtues of the ideal husband, devoted brother, all-loving wife, and loyal companionship.

The central figure here – Rama, as the seventh incarnation of Vishnu, holds onto his celestial bow Sharanga, while his other hand carries the ‘yogadanda.’ The wooden rest, alluding to the ascetic exile that the figures had to endure, allows its user to meditate with ease while counting the beads of the rosary. Rama on the right is flanked by his dutiful brother Lakshmana, who stands in the same iconography. Since Rama is an avatar of Vishnu, Lakshmana is said to be a manifestation of Shesha, the eternal world serpent that is the primordial devotee of Vishnu (several instances show Shesha supporting the resting body of Vishnu – as Lakshmana strives to be for Rama himself, a refuge of rest and relaxation). To Rama’s left, we have Sita holding a lotus. As the form of Lakshmi, Sita is emblematic as a mother goddess, providing for love, purity, abundance – and important to the epic, sacrifice. The Darbar is completed with the kneeling figure of ‘Vayu-putra’ Hanuman performing a namaskaram in the ‘anjali mudra,’ the loyal and powerful companion that served every wish of his lord.

What makes the Ram Darbar image, cast in the ‘madhuchista vidhana’ bronze image, truly iconic is that in these four sculptural images we see the prime philosophy of Hinduism that calls for the union of the self with the Brahman – a union that is remarked with the soul (Rama), body, (Lakshmana), intellect (Sita), and mind (Hanuman).  



Bronze is a metal alloy that has the primary composition of Copper and Tin. There is also an addition of other metals such as Manganese, Aluminium, Nickel, and some non-metals such as Phosphorus. This composition of several metals and non-metals makes Bronze an extremely durable and strong metal alloy. It is for this reason that Bronze is extensively used for casting sculptures and statues. Since Bronze has a low melting point, it usually tends to fill in the finest details of a mould and when it cools down, it shrinks a little that makes it easier to separate from the mould.

" If you happen to have a bronze statue, simply use a cotton cloth with some coconut oil or any other natural oil to clean the statue. "


A village named Swamimalai in South India is especially known for exceptionally well-crafted Bronze icons of Hindu Gods and Goddesses. The skilled artisans of this place use Panchaloha Bronze for casting the icons. Panchaloha Bronze is made of five metals; Copper, Zinc, Lead, and small quantities of Gold and Silver. Zinc gives a golden hue to the finished figure and Lead makes the alloy softer for the easy application of a chisel and hammer. The common technique for producing these statues and sculptures is the “Lost-wax” method. Because of the high durability of bronze sculptures and statues, less maintenance is required, and can still last up to many decades.

Exotic India takes great pride in its collection of hand-picked Panchaloha Statues. You will find the murtis of Gods (Krishna, Hanuman, Narasimha, Ganesha, Nataraja, and Kartikeya) and Goddesses (Saraswati, Lakshmi, Durga, and Parvati), and Buddha statues. You can also buy Ritual paraphernalia (Wicks lamp, Puja Kalash, Cymbals, and Puja Flag) on the website. All these statues and items have been made with a lot of care and attention, giving them a flawless finish. Their fine carving detail represents the rich tradition of India.

How are Bronze statues made?

Bronze statues and sculptures are known for their exquisite beauty and the divinity that they emit all around the space. Bronze is considered an excellent metal alloy, composed primarily of copper and tin. Many properties make it suitable for sculpting even the most intricate and complex structures. There was a period in history, known as the “Bronze Age'', in which most sculptors preferred to work with Bronze as it was considered the hardest metal. Bronze is especially appreciated for its durability, ductility, and corrosion-resistance properties. India is especially known for its elegant workmanship of skills working with Bronze. The artisans of a town named Swamimalai in South India have been following a tradition of bronze murti making for ages. They use a special material known as Panchaloha bronze to make fascinating icons of Hindu Gods and Goddesses. All of us are allured by the beauty of bronze statues and sculptures but there goes a tough hand in casting those masterpieces with little or no imperfections. Since it is an extremely elaborate process, a sculptor needs to be highly skilled in making bronze antiques. The most common technique for casting bronze sculptures that has been followed since ancient times is the “Lost-wax” process which involves many steps:

1. Clay model making

The making of a bronze statue or sculpture starts with preparing a full-sized clay (usually Plasticine) model of the sculpture. This allows the artist to have an idea about the overall shape and form of the desired sculpture before working with bronze, a much more expensive and difficult-to-work-with material.

2. Mould making

Once the clay model is ready, a mould of the original sculpture is made. This is done by carefully covering the clay model with plaster strips. This step is carried out in such a way that no air bubbles are formed. It takes up to 24 hours for the plaster to dry. Once dried, the plaster is then gently removed from the clay model. The removal happens easily because the inner mould is usually made of materials such as polyurethane rubber or silicone.

3. Wax filling and removal

In this step, molten bronze or wax is poured or filled into the mould in such a way that it gets even into the finest details. The mould is then turned upside down and left to cool and harden. When the wax has hardened, it is removed from the mould.

4. Chasing

Chasing is the process in which the artist refines the surface of the bronze statue using various tools to achieve fine details. This smoothens the surface and gives the statue a finished look. If some parts of the statue were moulded separately, they are now heated and attached.

5. Applying a patina

Bronze sculptures are known for their unique look or sheen on the surface. This may take several years to achieve naturally. Applying patina to bronze sculptures is an important step to make them appear attractive. Working with clay, plaster mould, and molten wax can be messy and therefore sculptors wear old clothes and remain careful. The entire process of making a bronze statue takes several months to complete. Bronze sculptures last for many centuries because of the high durability of the material. Many centuries down the line, these sculptures continue to be appreciated for their majestic beauty.
Frequently Asked Questions
  • Q. Is the statue hollow or solid ?
    A. Panchaloha bronze statues are made through a process of lost wax casting, hence they are solid. To know more about how bronze statues are made, please read our article on Panchaloha Bronze Statues. Whereas, brass statues are made through a process of clay casting, hence are hollow.
  • Q. Can I see the original photo of the product ?
    A. For original pictures of the statue, kindly email us at help@exoticindia.com.
  • Q. Can I return the statue ?
    A. All returns must be postmarked within seven (7) days of the delivery date. All returned items must be in new and unused condition, with all original tags and labels attached. To know more please view our return policy.
  • Q. Can you customise the statue for me ?
    A. For any customisation, a new bronze statue has to be made. To know more, kindly email us at help@exoticindia.com.
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